Department ‘misrepresented’ response to O’Keeffe judgment

Settlement rate low and not reflective of ‘holistic and flexible approach’, says law lecturer

The Department of Education has been accused of misrepresenting the way it has responded to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) judgment in the Louise O’Keeffe case by seeking to suggest it was generous in its settlement of cases brought by the victims of child sexual abuse in Irish schools.

Deputy director of the Child Law Clinic at University College Cork, Dr Conor O' Mahony, said an action plan submitted by the Department of Education to the Grand Chamber of the ECHR suggesting Ireland was responding in a generous manner to the O'Keeffe judgment was "to say the least, putting a positive spin on things".

Dr O’Mahony said that the department had told the Grand Chamber that it was adopting a “flexible and holistic approach” to cases for compensation brought by other victims, but the reality was that the Irish State was quite selective in its interpretation of the ECHR judgement.

Ms O'Keeffe won her case in the ECHR over abuse she suffered at the hands of school principal Leo Hickey at Dunderrow National School in Co Cork in the 1970s after the Irish courts ruled the Department of Education was not liable because the school was under church management.


The judgment paved the way for other victims of abuse in Irish schools to take civil actions but the department interpreted the ECHR ruling as only applying where there was a prior complaint of abuse and where the State had failed to act in response to that complaint.

Action plan

In its action plan submitted to the Grand Chamber, the State pointed out that the government had authorised the State Claims Agency in 2014 to offer "out of court" settlements to people taking cases for abuse that fell within the terms of the ECHR judgment in the O'Keeffe case.

It also revealed that in 2015, it agreed to offer ex-gratia payments to those who had initiated actions for damages but had discontinued them and where the complainant could demonstrate that there was a prior complaint of sexual abuse to a school authority.

According to the Government submission, the SCA made settlement offers in seven of the 35 extant cases and six of these have been accepted while one was withdrawn following the death of one of the litigants in August 2015 with payments of €84,000 being made in each of the remaining six cases.

The SCA wrote to the other 28 litigants in March 2015, advising them that their circumstances did not appear to fall within the parameters of the O’Keeffe judgment but inviting them to submit any contrary evidence, but to date none of these litigants have submitted new evidence.

Discontinued cases

But Dr O’Mahony told The Irish Times that while the Irish submission makes it appear that the state was adopting a progressive and sympathetic approach, the reality was somewhat different as in addition to the 35 mentioned cases, there were a further 49 discontinued cases.

“The state says it offered settlements in seven out of 35 cases but if you add the 49 discontinued cases where they say they made payments in five cases that gives you a total of 12 settlements out of 84 cases which is a settlement rate of around 14 per cent which is a pretty low figure.

“And the reality is that it is actually lower because according to previous information furnished by the department, there were a potential 360 case that they were aware of so only 84 of these results in applications for damages and only 12 have resulted in settlement which is just over 3 per cent.”

Dr O’Mahony said the department had “cherrypicked one paragraph in the O’Keeffe judgement about ‘prior complaint’” and ignored other paragraphs and had sought to present itself now as adopting “a holistic and flexible approach” to dealing with victims when this was not the case.

“The State in its submission has peppered the document with ‘holistic and flexible’ and they are bending over backwards t o give that impression but the reality is that we have 360 known cases and we have a maximum of a dozen settlements so how can that be said to be ‘holistic and flexible’?

“The state’s approach to this has been designed with one purpose in mind and that is to prevent people who were abused in Irish schools from getting compensation and it’s been remarkably successful at doing so,” said Dr O’Mahony who assisted Ms O’Keeffe’s lawyers in her ECHR case.

Barry Roche

Barry Roche

Barry Roche is Southern Correspondent of The Irish Times