Modi defends Kashmir move in independence day speech

Indian PM says region’s special status had fuelled separatism and was unfair to women

Four million Kashmiris have remained indoors for 11 days as an unprecedented security lockdown and communications blackout is in force. Video: New York Times

 

Indian prime minister Narendra Modi has used an independence day speech to defend his government’s controversial decision to strip the disputed Kashmir region of its statehood and special constitutional provisions.

In his address from the capital’s Mughal-era Red Fort, Mr Modi said Kashmir’s previous status – some political autonomy and a ban on outsiders buying land and taking public sector jobs in the Muslim-majority Himalayan region – had fuelled a movement for separatism and was unjust for Kashmiri women, because the law said they lost their inheritance rights if marrying a person from outside the region.

“The old arrangement in Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh encouraged corruption, nepotism but there was injustice when it came to rights of women, children, Dalits, tribal communities,” Mr Modi said in the speech marking 72 years since India achieved independence from British rule.

Indian Sashastra Seema Bal personnel taking part in the Independence Day celebration parade in Gauhati, India. Photograph: Anupam Nath/AP
Indian Sashastra Seema Bal personnel taking part in the Independence Day celebration parade in Gauhati, India. Photograph: Anupam Nath/AP

His speech came as about four million Kashmiris stayed indoors for the 11th day of an unprecedented security lockdown and communications blackout.

The lockdown in Indian-administered Kashmir was brought in just before a presidential order to subsume the Muslim-majority region into India’s federal government by revoking Article 370 of the constitution and downgrading the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories.

A new law allows anyone to buy land there, which some Kashmiris fear could change the region’s culture and demographics. Critics have likened it to Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories.

Severe constraints

India’s foreign ministry officials have said Kashmir is returning to normality, but reporters in the region describe severe constraints, including the suspension of internet access, mobile and landline services and steel and barbed-wire street blockades.

While daily protests have erupted in Kashmir, Mr Modi has received widespread public support in other parts of India.

“Article 370 should have been removed a long time ago, but better late than never,” Amarjeet Singh, a businessman from New Delhi, said.

“It is good. Everyone will be benefited by this, because every common man will be able to work there and start business there.

On Thursday, turning to his agenda to make India a multitrillion-dollar economy in the next five years, Mr Modi said the changes in Kashmir will help the region contribute more to India’s development.

“In the last 70 years we became a 2 trillion-dollar economy, but in the last five years, we added 1 trillion dollars to the economy. This gives me the confidence of becoming a 5 trillion economy in the coming years,” he said.

The PM, whose Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party won a landslide victory in general elections in May, also announced the creation of a new chief of defence staff to co-ordinate the country’s security operations.

He also made a pitch for restructuring India’s electoral system so state and lower house of parliament elections are held simultaneously rather than on separate timetables. – AP