Big top to come down for last time on ‘Greatest Show on Earth’
Animal rights activists welcome end of Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey circus
Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey elephants in New York, 2010. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty
Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey clowns watch auditions in 2012. Photograph: Timothy A Clary/AFP/Getty
A policeman directs circus elephants across Fifth Avenue in New York in 1955. Photograph: Jacob Harris/AP
One of the oldest American circuses, the Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey, is to take down its big-top tent for the final time, 146 years after it was founded in rural Wisconsin by five brothers: Alfred, Albert, Charles, John and Otto.
The company blamed declining ticket sales, which fell further after the circus removed elephants from its act last year.
“This, coupled with high operating costs, made the circus an unsustainable business for the company,” said chief executive Kenneth Feld. “The circus and its people have continually been a source of inspiration and joy to my family and me.”
An estimated 10 million people visit the Ringling Bros shows each year. However, the closure of the circus is further proof that entertainment tastes have moved away from traditional circuses, often featuring animals, towards more theatrical circus entertainment with a focus on acrobatics, such as the global phenomenon Cirque du Soleil.
Ringling Bros have been targeted for years by animal-rights groups protesting at the use of animals. In 1907, the circus had boasted 35 horses, 26 elephants, 16 camels and other assorted animals that travelled across the US on 92 train carriages.
The number of animals in the circus gradually dwindled, and in 2016 the company finally bowed to legal pressure from activists and retired all the elephants from its shows, sending them to a conservation centre in Florida.
Ringling Bros still has two touring circuses, which still travel by train, and they will perform 30 more shows before finally shutting for good in May. Feld said the old-fashioned ways of the circus, such as the rail travel and providing a travelling school for the performers’ children, was impossible to sustain.
“It’s a different model that we can’t see how it works in today’s world to justify and maintain an affordable ticket price,” he said.
The news that the circus is to shut was greeted with joy by the animal-rights campaign group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (Peta). Peta said the closure “heralds the end of what has been the saddest show on earth for wild animals, and asks all other animal circuses to follow suit, as this is a sign of changing times”.
Commenting on the demise of Ringling Bros, the creator of Family Guy, Seth MacFarlane, said “good riddance”.
“The closure of Ringling Bros circus ends 146 years of animal humiliation for human amusement,” he said.
– Guardian service