Unionist protestors take part in a demonstration against independence  called by the  far-right  ‘Platform for Catalonia’ party  in front of Barcelona city hall  last month. Photograph: Pau Barrena/AFP/Getty Images

Lola Mayenco was one of 2.26 million Catalans who cast their vote in Sunday’s controversial independence referendum. Her ballot paper, however, looked(...)

A man holds a Catalan pro-independence ‘Estelada’ flag during a demonstration in support of the referendum in Catalonia on Sunday. Photograph: Jorge Guerrero/AFP/Getty Images

Somebody should surely have told the Madrid government last week that using the Guardia Civil to stop Catalans casting ballots was a crass idea – and (...)

Catalan pro-independence ‘Estelada’ flags waving during a protest in Barcelona on Monday. Photograph: Pierre Philippe Marcoup/AFP/Getty Images

We spent from 5.30am on Sunday morning at the local library, or biblioteca, less than 100m from my home in Sant Cugat del Vallès, a town of 87,000 jus(...)

Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy has responded to every Catalan move towards this referendum with block-headed predictability, perfectly fitting the script set out for him by the ‘Govern’ in Barcelona. Photograph: JJ Guillen/EPA

Whatever happens next in Catalonia, the Catalan nationalists’ independence referendum campaign had already proved a significant success, from their ow(...)

The crisis in Catalonia is accelerating so fast that it is going to be very hard to avoid a collision that could be perilous for both Spanish and Cata(...)

People pay tribute on Friday, outside the Liceu theatre in Barcelona, to victims of Thursday’s attack. Photograph: Quique Garcia/EPA

It’s a cliche, simply because it’s important truth, that one’s first thoughts about a terrorist act should always be with the victims, to make some ef(...)

  National Day of Catalonia in   Barcelona,  September 11th, 2014: Catalan nationalists say they will declare independence if they win a majority in the referendum, regardless of the level of participation. Photograph:  Albert Gea/Reuters

Barcelona was the first city in Spain I ever visited, back in 1973. The great Catalan capital was then resisting the dying clutches of the Franco dic(...)

We may complain about inflexible bureaucracy but that inflexibility can be a necessary barrier to the potential cancer of corruption.

While the public perception may be otherwise, by international standards, Ireland appears to have a pretty low level of corruption. This has been one (...)

 Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy speaks about the recent unofficial Catalonian independence poll  in Madrid yesterday. Photograph:  Denis Doyle/Getty Images

Wise conservatives often quote The Leopard, the novel by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, in which a leading aristocratic character comments that it is s(...)

The whirlwind unleashed by Brexit within Britain’s increasingly dysfunctional family of nations has stirred things up in the even more fractious Spani(...)