Merkel condemns ‘poison’ of racism after gunman kills nine in Germany

Man (43) with far-right links attacks people in two shisha bars in Hanau

Angela Merkel has said the murder of nine people in a shooting rampage by a suspected rightwing extremist has revealed the "poison" of racism and hate in Germany.

The man, identified as Tobias Rathjen (43), carried out attacks at two shisha bars in Hanau, a commuter town near Frankfurt, before killing his mother and himself, police said.

Investigators said he appeared to have been motivated by racism, citing a video and a lengthy manifesto he had posted on social media. Authorities said they were treating the attacks as an act of domestic terrorism.

Dr Merkel said the killings needed to be fully investigated, and she promised the state would stand up with “strength and decisiveness” to those who tried to divide society.

Foreign minister Heiko Maas said an increase in such attacks showed that "rightwing extremism has once again become a danger for our society".

Campaigners for migrant rights in Germany said the attacks had not come out of nowhere and were indicative of widespread indifference shown by the state towards rightwing extremism despite evidence that it was on the rise.

“If people are silent for long enough then things like this will happen,” said Mehmet Daimagüler, a lawyer for victims of far-right terrorism. “You could have set the clock by this attack. People tell us they have learnt from Auschwitz, but this shows that sort of talk is just blah, blah.”

Federal prosecutors said they would be taking charge of the investigation, as is normal practice when the state is considered to be endangered by a crime.

They said the perpetrator had a “deeply racist mindset”. Investigators aim to establish whether he acted alone or received support from any individuals or groups.

Random shots

All nine people of those killed at the shisha bars had an immigrant background, and at least five were Turkish, several of Kurdish origin, prosecutors said. Six people were injured, one of whom had life-threatening injuries. There were unconfirmed reports that a 35-year-old pregnant mother of two was among those who died.

According to police, the gunman first drove to a shisha bar called Midnight on Heumarkt in the centre of Hanau, where he fired about eight or nine shots apparently randomly into the room at about 10pm on Wednesday.

After driving to a second bar called Arena, on Kurt Schumacher Platz in the western district of Kesselstadt, and firing more shots, he drove to a house, believed to be his home, where he shot his 72-year-old mother before shooting himself.

After a frantic search involving dozens of armed police and a helicopter, police were alerted to his parked car in Kesselstadt and quickly matched it to the address and sealed off the area. At around 3am neighbours heard a large bang as police detonated the front door of the white terrace house where they found Rathjen’s body and that of his mother. They also found the murder weapon, a spokesman said.

Police said they had no indications that other perpetrators were involved. On Thursday morning they interviewed Rathjen’s father, who is reported to have been in the house when Rathjen returned and who managed to escape.

In a 24-page manifesto and a video, Rathjen outlined his racist theories including his belief that certain races should be eliminated and foreigners who could not be deported from Germany should be “destroyed”. He said he had been driven by voices in his head since birth and followed by secret agents, and he also talked about a wide range of conspiracy theories, including that 9/11 was carried out by the US state, and made claims about his ability to influence the playing tactics of the German national football team.

‘Bitterest experience’

Police urged any witnesses with mobile phone footage or other information related to the attacks to upload it to a police website and appealed to the public not to post any evidence on social media.

Claus Kaminsky, the mayor of Hanau, a town of around 100,000 residents, many of whom commute to Frankfurt, fought back tears as he described the shooting as "the bitterest, saddest experience" the town had suffered since the second world war.

Standing next to him, Volker Bouffier, the premier of the state of Hesse, said most people in the country would feel solidarity with the victims and their families. He said of the attack: “This changes everything. Not only for this city, but for our country.”

Addressing people with an immigrant background living in Germany, Mr Bouffier said: “I know you are scared ... but I want to say to you we’ll do all we can to act against hate.”

Candlelit vigils were planned across the country on Thursday evening to pay tribute to those who died and to make a stand against racism.

One expert said Germany’s domestic intelligence agents believed there were 24,000 rightwing extremists in Germany, 13,000 of whom were considered potentially dangerous.

"Shootings have taken on the character of an event, which is what makes it difficult to stop them," Michael Ortmann told NTV. He said investigators in Germany had been slow to recognise a rise in rightwing extremists ready to perpetrate violence, having put far more of their resources into fighting the threat of Islamist terrorism in recent years.


This week German investigators said they had smashed a ring of rightwing extremists who had been plotting to carry out large-scale gun attacks on mosques throughout Germany. The man believed to be the ring leader had hoped the attacks would provoke revenge attacks and trigger a civil war, police said citing conversations among the group.

Germany is still reeling from an attack on a synagogue in the eastern city of Halle in October in which two people died and several were injured. In June last year Walter Lübcke, a conservative local politician who had spoken out in defence of refugees, was murdered at his home near Kassel in Hesse.

Olaf Scholz, the finance minister and vice-chancellor, said the Hanau attack was a stark reminder that rightwing extremism had returned to Germany. "Our political debates cannot duck the fact that 75 years after the end of the Nazi dictatorship, rightwing terror exists in Germany again," he told dpa.

Lars Klingbeil, the general secretary of the SPD, the junior coalition partner in Dr Merkel's government, said more should be done to fight racism, and he called for an "insurgence of the decent" in which he said ordinary Germans should make a stand against the rise in anti-immigrant sentiment.

Robert Lambrou, the parliamentary party leader of the anti-immigrant Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) in the state of Hesse, said his party was in a "state of shock" following the attacks. Asked by a German journalist if he thought the AfD should take any responsibility for the attacks for its use of anti-foreigner rhetoric, Mr Lambou said: "Such horrific murders as this must lead all of us to reflect on how we can avoid such things from happening."

Dr Merkel pledged that “everything will be done to investigate the circumstances of these terrible murders”. She said the government “and every state institution” would “stand up with all our strength and decisiveness to those people who try to divide Germany”. – Guardian