Catalan vote exposes rift between regional and national police

Spanish police fire baton rounds at crowds trying to vote in independence plebiscite

Spanish national police officers seize a ballot box during a raid at a voting station in Cappont during the Catalonia independence referendum on Sunday. Photograph: Adria Ropero/EPA

As Spanish police wielded batons and fired rubber bullets at crowds attempting to vote in Catalonia’s banned independence referendum on Sunday, the region’s own police force gave many voters a much gentler reception.

In Catalonia’s pro-independence heartland, among the farming towns of Osona county north of Barcelona, the Catalan force made little attempt to remove people from polling stations despite being tasked with the same court order to shut them down.

Local courts received several complaints against the Catalan police accusing them of inactivity and failure to close down polling stations, despite a court order, the region’s high court said in a statement.

The regional police had been asked to provide more information about the complaints. In Sant Pere and Osona’s capital of Vic, crowds waited in orderly queues and cast their ballots in school halls, though the mood was jittery as photos of bloodied voters circulated via social media from the cities of Barcelona and Girona.



Spanish deputy prime minister Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría said police had acted in a proportionate manner across the region.

In Sant Pere, children ran along the street playing tag, young people passed around barbecued kebabs and flagons of red wine, and pensioners at a retirement home nearby sat by windows and waved Catalan flags.

“If we don’t win today, we will never be able to do it. This is the opportunity,” Ramon Jordana, a 92-year-old former taxi driver said as he dropped his vote into a ballot box that organisers had smuggled into the town in the dead of night.

At the polling station in Sant Pere, a town of some 2,500 people close to the Pyrenees which symbolically declared independence from Spain back in 2012, voters arrived before sunrise and Jordana cast the first vote at 9am.

Officers from Catalonia’s regional police, the Mossos d’Esquadra, had tried to enter Sant Pere and Vic’s polling stations before voting began but crowds clustered around the entrances to stop them. They withdrew to applause and cheers.

“We won’t use force to enter, but we’ll stay outside all day in case at some point we can,” one of the officers in Sant Pere said afterwards. He asked that he not be named.

Two officers in Sant Pere chatted casually with locals outside the polling station, and one of them posed with a child for a photo. After a second attempt to enter the voting centre, the crowd resisted and they retreated around a street corner.

In Osona’s overwhelmingly separatist-controlled municipalities, opinion polls show support for independence tops 80 per cent on average, about double the overall support among Catalonia’s 7.5 million population.

The referendum has been declared illegal by Spain’s central government in Madrid, which says the constitution states the country is indivisible, and it has dispatched police across Catalonia to seize ballot boxes and prevent people voting.

However, the civil guard and Mossos have taken very different approaches, despite Spain’s state prosecutor telling Mossos recently that they had been put under a single chain of command reporting directly to the interior ministry in Madrid.

Mossos is held in great affection by Catalans, especially after they hunted down Islamists accused of staging co-ordinated attacks in Barcelona in August which killed 16 people. The civil guard, however, were branded “Rajoy’s thugs” on Twitter on Sunday, a reference to Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy, who had taken a tough line against the vote going ahead.


More than 460 people were injured in Sunday’s police crackdown, Catalan officials said. However, the deputy prime minister praised national police for their professionalism and “proportionate” response.

“They have always sought to protect rights and liberties,” she said. Before voting started, Sant Pere’s mayor, Jordi Fabrega, asked a crowd of about 200 people to guard the booth’s entrance all day and to peacefully resist any attempt by police to enter.

“The moment we leave it unguarded, they will come,” Fabrega said. A strong turnout in places such as Sant Pere will be key to legitimising a Yes vote, which the Catalan government says would lead to a declaration of independence from the regional parliament within 48 hours.

Locals blocked streets with vans and construction trucks as word spread that national police, who have been drafted into Catalonia in their thousands, were en route to raid the polling stations. The Mossos officer said it was a rumour.

“If the police really want to get the ballot boxes, they will get them,” said one Sant Pere voter, 66-year-old Carles, who declined to give his surname as he was worried the Spanish government would come after him.

Organisers said it had been no easy task to get to this point. Joan Vaque Casas, Sant Pere’s head co-ordinator, said he had received a text message at about 2am to meet at a secret location to pick up the ballot box and voting papers. – (Reuters)