A united Ireland would be a ‘different state’, Leo Varadkar warns

Taoiseach refuses to play Brexit ‘blame game’ during Féile an Phobail debate in Belfast

People calling for a united Ireland must realise it would involve a “different state” with a “new constitution”, Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has told an audience in Belfast.

Speaking during the West Belfast Féile an Phobail leaders’ debate, Mr Varadkar insisted now was not the time to push for a Border poll on a united Ireland despite coming under pressure on the issue from fellow participant Mary Lou McDonald, the Sinn Féin president.

She said that a no-deal Brexit must lead to a poll on Irish unity.

However, Mr Varadkar said in the context of Brexit and in the absence of powersharing at Stormont, a Border poll would be divisive and could be defeated.


He said it should be realised that were a united Ireland to happen, it would involve Ireland being a “different state” and considering matters such as Irish being the first official language it would require a “new constitution”.

The Taoiseach also expressed concern about what might happen if such a poll was carried in favour of unity by a narrow margin.

“I think it would result in some of the mistakes being repeated 100 years ago at the time of partition, just the other way around, with unionists being brought into united Ireland against their will,” he said.

The other participants in the debate, held at St Mary’s University on the Falls Road, were DUP East Derry MP Gregory Campbell, Fianna Fáil TD Brendan Smith, SDLP MLA Daniel McCrossan, Ulster Unionist Party MLA Doug Beattie and Alliance leader and MEP Naomi Long. The main auditorium was crowded to capacity for the debate so two large lecture theatres were used to deal with the overflow audience.

As well as a Border poll, the debate also touched on Brexit and restoring the Northern Executive and Assembly.

‘Blame game’

Speakers were asked who they felt was to blame for the Brexit uncertainty and Mr Varadkar said he was “keen not to play the blame game”, a sentiment with which Mr Campbell agreed. Ms Long, however, was happy to blame UK prime minister Boris Johnson, his predecessor Theresa May and most particularly former prime minister David Cameron for calling the 2016 referendum.

Ms McDonald said that Mr Varadkar may not want to point the finger at the Conservative Party, which she said was chiefly to blame, but that members of the party were happy “to point the finger at him – wrongly”.

Asked about the security of the DUP’s confidence-and-supply agreement with the Tories, Mr Campbell replied: “I don’t have to trust Boris and Boris doesn’t have to trust us. But what we do have to do is business with each other. The business that we do brings benefit to every single person in this room.”

Mr Campbell, to some barracking from the crowd, said it should be remembered that it was Sinn Féin which brought down the Northern Executive and Assembly in January 2017.

“We didn’t bring it down,” he said emphatically a number of times.


He added that despite his “curry my yogurt” remarks, in the Northern Ireland Assembly in 2014, which he said was a response to Sinn Féin “abuse” of the Irish language, he did “cherish” the language.

Mr Campbell repeated that the DUP had no preconditions to see Stormont reinstated.

“Progress has been made in the talks, more can be made, but it has to be concluded, it is frustrating,” said Mr Campbell.

The Taoiseach also said that the current negotiations involving the British and Irish governments and the North’s five main parties could still succeed.

Debate chairman and BBC broadcaster William Crawley asked participants who on the panel they most admired.

Mr McCrossan said Mr Beattie, Mr Beattie said Mr Varadkar, Mr Varadkar said Mr Smith because he and Fianna Fáil had helped him to become Taoiseach. Ms McDonald said Ms Long. Mr Smith would not say anybody while Ms Long also ducked the question.

Mr Campbell lived up to his role as the pantomime villain by looking down the panel and asking was there anyone he could nominate.

“Nah,” he said.

Gerry Moriarty

Gerry Moriarty

Gerry Moriarty is the former Northern editor of The Irish Times