Iran’s president warns European soldiers in Middle East could be in danger

UK, France and Germany have triggered dispute mechanism in nuclear deal that could reimpose sanctions on Iran

Iranian president Hassan Rouhani chairing a cabinet meeting in Tehran on Wednesday. Photograph: Iranian presidency/AFP

Iranian president Hassan Rouhani chairing a cabinet meeting in Tehran on Wednesday. Photograph: Iranian presidency/AFP


Iran’s president Hassan Rouhani has warned that European soldiers in the Middle East could be in danger after the UK, France and Germany triggered a dispute mechanism in the nuclear agreement that could lead to the reimposition of international sanctions on the country.

Mr Rouhani’s remarks on Wednesday were the first direct threat he has made against European powers as tensions have grown between Tehran and Washington since Donald Trump unilaterally abandoned the nuclear deal more than 18 months ago.

“Today the American soldier is in danger; tomorrow the European soldier could be in danger,” Mr Rouhani said in a televised address to his cabinet.

He did not elaborate although European soldiers are deployed alongside US troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. France maintains a naval base in Abu Dhabi and Britain has a base in Bahrain.

Europe has scrambled to find ways to rescue the 2015 agreement which traded sanctions relief for curbs on Iran’s nuclear programme. Since US sanctions were reimposed, Tehran has gradually been increasing its nuclear activities in steps that it says are reversible.

On Tuesday the three European parties to the deal triggered a formal dispute-resolution mechanism citing Iran’s non-compliance with the deal. The process could lead to sanctions being reimposed and the deal to be formally scrapped.

Resolve issues

Speaking in Delhi on Wednesday, Iranian foreign minister Javad Zarif struck a more upbeat note, arguing that the dispute-resolution mechanisms in the deal were intended to resolve issues such as these and that the agreement was “not dead”.

He heralded the agreement as “one of the best deals that has been made in the recent past, one of the few major achievements of multilateral diplomacy”.

The Trump administration pulled out of the nuclear deal in May 2018, arguing it did not comprehensively curb Iran’s misbehaviour, including sponsorship of overseas proxies and its missile development.

Tehran had been repeatedly certified to be in compliance with the agreement.

Mr Zarif rejected British prime minister Boris Johnson’s suggestion on Tuesday that the US president could negotiate a new agreement and brand it a “Trump deal”, arguing it would be difficult to trust the US to stand by the agreement.

“If I have a Trump deal, how long will it last?” he said.

Mr Rouhani said the prime minister’s suggestion was “strange”. “This Mr Prime Minister in London, I don’t know how he thinks. He says let’s put aside the nuclear deal and put the Trump plan in action. If you take the wrong step, it will be to your detriment. Pick the right path. The right path is to return to the nuclear deal.”

Mr Zarif told a security conference on Wednesday that his country “was lied to for a couple of days” about the cause of a last week’s plane crash, the first acknowledgment by an Iranian official that the public was knowingly deceived about the fact that the airliner carrying 176 passengers and crew was shot down.

His comments point to possible rifts within Iran’s ruling establishment over the accidental shooting down of the jet, and the subsequent claims that a technical malfunction was to blame for the crash.

Admission of guilt

The mistaken downing, as well as the government’s belated admission of guilt, has sparked resignations from state media outlets, rare public criticism of Iranian leaders, and protests in Tehran and other cities.

Leaders from the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, the elite, ideologically hardline branch of the military, have taken responsibility for the disaster, but characterised the delay as a procedural matter.

After learning of the incident on Wednesday, commanders set up an investigation team that interviewed everyone involved, a process that took about 38 hours, the deputy chief-of-staff of the armed forces, Brig Gen Ali Abdollahi, said on Tuesday evening. “Naturally, the initial examination takes time,” he said.

The Revolutionary Guards has jostled for power and influence with Mr Rouhani’s elected government, which is an uneasy alliance of conservatives and reformists who have sought to open Iran to the outside world – a policy opposed by many hardliners.

A spokesman for Mr Rouhani earlier this week said he was informed of the truth only on Friday afternoon. He announced the following morning that the aircraft had been shot down in an “unforgivable error”. – Guardian