The former Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva responded defiantly to his conviction on corruption charges by formally launching his candidacy for next year's presidential election.
In an impassioned speech on Thursday at his Workers' Party headquarters in São Paulo the day after a federal judge, Sérgio Moro, sentenced him to nine years and six months in jail, Brazil's first working-class president warned: "Whoever thinks this is the end of Lula is in for a shock."
As well as denouncing Moro’s ruling he attacked the prosecutors who built the case against him, as well as the country’s media and political elite. In the latest ratcheting up of the country’s increasingly polarised political debate, Lula said, to cheers from militants gathered in the street below: “Lords of the big house, let someone from the slave quarters do what you have no competence to do in this country. Let someone look after this people, because it doesn’t need to be governed by the elite.”
If Wednesday’s sentence is upheld in a higher federal court Lula will be barred from holding any elected office. The judge decided to allow Lula to remain at liberty while he appeals the ruling.
At the Workers’ Party meeting its president, Gleisi Hoffmann, warned: “Any election without the participation of President Lula is a fraud.”
Although his rejection rating in polls is above 50 per cent, Lula is the front runner in next year’s presidential race. His removal would pose a major challenge for the Workers’ Party. Engulfed in corruption scandals, it has no competitive candidate to replace him.
The judge accepted that Lula was the ultimate owner of a beachfront apartment he was said to have received in return for favours at Petrobras, Brazil's semi-state oil giant
Lula was convicted of corruption and money laundering after Moro accepted the argument of federal prosecutors that he was the ultimate owner of a beachfront triplex apartment, having received it from a construction company in return for favours at Petrobras, Brazil's semi-state oil giant.
Lula denies the accusation, saying the conviction relies on the word of company executives who gave false testimony against him in order reduce their own sentences for corruption. He challenged his detractors to provide “a single proof against me”. “I’d be happier if I was convicted because of some evidence,” he said.
An appeal could take between six and 18 months. The higher federal court responsible for reviewing Judge Moro’s sentences in the sprawling anti-corruption operation that started as an investigation into wrongdoing at Petrobras has so far upheld about two-thirds of his rulings.
But even if Lula wins on appeal his legal problems are far from over.
Wednesday’s conviction came in what was seen as one of the weaker of five cases he is on trial for. He still faces charges of criminal organisation, obstruction of justice, influence peddling, money laundering and corruption, and he is also the subject of several investigations that have not yet produced formal charges.