1988: Gibraltar shootings, Dublin millennium, and Ray Houghton’s goal

State papers released under 30-year rule recall 12 months of violence in Northern Ireland

Ray Houghton  heads the Republic of Ireland winner past England’s Peter Shilton during the European Championship at Stuttgart, June 12th 1988. Photograph: Bob Thomas/Getty Images

Ray Houghton heads the Republic of Ireland winner past England’s Peter Shilton during the European Championship at Stuttgart, June 12th 1988. Photograph: Bob Thomas/Getty Images

 

January 11th: SDLP leader John Hume and Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams hold the first in a series of secretive meetings in Belfast.

January 17th: Australian soap opera Home and Away premieres.

January 27th: The internet country code domain .ie is registered for the Republic of Ireland.

Britain’s first ever Olympic ski jumper Eddie Edwards waves after completing his first safe jump during the 90m event at the Winter Olympic Games. Photograph: Getty Images
Britain’s first ever Olympic ski jumper Eddie Edwards waves after completing his first safe jump during the 90m event at the Winter Olympic Games. Photograph: Getty Images

February 13th–28th: The Winter Olympics are held in Calgary, Canada featuring among others Eddie “The Eagle” Edwards.

March 6th: Three unarmed IRA members Danny McCann, Seán Savage and Mairéad Farrell are shot dead by a British army SAS team in Gibraltar.

March 16th: Three men are killed and 70 are wounded in a gun and grenade attack by loyalist paramilitary Michael Stone on mourners at Milltown cemetery in Belfast during the funerals of the three IRA members killed in Gibraltar.

March 19th: Two British army corporals are abducted, beaten and shot dead by Irish republicans after driving into the funeral cortège of IRA members killed in the Milltown cemetery attack.

April 30th: Ireland hosts the Eurovision Song Contest after Johnny Logan’s 1987 win with Hold Me Now. Pat Kenny and Michelle Rocca host the event at the RDS, which is won by a 20-year-old Celine Dion for Switzerland.

May 1st: The IRA kills three off-duty British soldiers in the Netherlands.

May 5th: British pop singer Adele is born.

June 12th: The Republic of Ireland beat England 1–0 at Euro 88 in Stuttgart thanks to Ray Houghton’s header.

June 15th: The IRA kills six British soldiers in a bomb attack at the end of a charity marathon run in Lisburn on the border of Co Antrim and Co Down.

A 70ft figure of Gulliver on Dollymount Strand on July 13th, 1988
A 70ft figure of Gulliver on Dollymount Strand on July 13th, 1988

July 10th: Dublin marks its 1,000th birthday. The “tart with the cart” Molly Malone statue is unveiled on Grafton Street as part of the year-long celebrations, along with “the floozie in the jacuzzi” Anna Livia fountain on O’Connell Street. A 70ft figure of Gulliver made of fibreglass, aluminium and plywood also washes up on Dollymount Strand.

July 14th: Mixed martial arts fighter Conor McGregor is born.

July 18th: Nelson Mandela, the jailed anti-apartheid leader, is awarded the freedom of the City of Dublin.

June 30th: Tipperary priest Patrick Ryan is arrested in Belgium as large quantities of cash and bomb-making equipment are found at his home. Britain attempts to extradite him on charges of supporting the IRA – which he denies – but in November the authorities send him back to Dublin sparking a major diplomatic row with prime minister Margaret Thatcher.

August 11th: al-Qaeda is formed by Osama bin Laden.

September 22nd: Taoiseach Charles Haughey lays the foundation stone of the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) at the Custom House Dock, Dublin.

September 24th: Canada’s Ben Johnson wins the 100m final at the Olympics in Seoul, South Korea in what has been called “the dirtiest race in history”. Two days later, he was stripped of his gold medal.

October 19th: UK home secretary Douglas Hurd announces a broadcasting ban on interviews with IRA members. Broadcasters use subtitling and actors’ voices to get around the ban.

October 26th: The European Court of Human Rights rules in favour of David Norris in his case against the State over the criminalisation of consensual gay sex.

November 8th: US presidential election. George H W Bush, vice-president to Ronald Reagan, defeats Democratic opponent Michael Dukakis.

November 30th: The Dáil debates Dublin’s smog problem amid protests over hazardous air pollution in the capital.

December 1st: The first World Aids Day is held as governments still struggle to control the spread of the disease.

A police officer walks by the nose of PanAm Flight 103 in a field near the town of Lockerbie, Scotland. Photograph: Martin Cleaver/AP
A police officer walks by the nose of PanAm Flight 103 in a field near the town of Lockerbie, Scotland. Photograph: Martin Cleaver/AP

December 21st: The Lockerbie bombing saw Pan Am Flight 103 exploding over Scotland, killing 243 passengers and 16 crew as well as 11 people on the ground. In 2003, Libya admitted responsibility for the terror attack.