Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni (centre) gestures while standing on a car during the inauguration ceremony for his sixth term at Kololo Ceremonial Grounds in Kampala, Uganda on May 12th. Photograph: Badru Katumba/AFP via Getty

Yoweri Museveni says ruling party ‘designed the most elaborate democratic structure’

Dominic Ongwen:  sentenced  to 25 years in jail for war crimes and crimes against humanity.  Photograph: Peter Dejong/ANP/AFP via Getty Images

Ongwen a child-soldier who rose through the ranks in Ugandan rebel group led by Joseph Kony

 Refugees fleeing Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict are transferred by bus from the border reception centre to Um Raquba refugee camp after they crossed the border in Hamdayit, eastern Sudan. Photograph:  Yasuyoshi Chiba

Accounts from Tigray say most perpetrators of rape are Ethiopian or Eritrean troops

Rory Young, co-founder and president of anti-poaching organisation Chengeta. Photograph: Chengeta Wildlife

Rory Young was co-founder of an international anti-poaching organisation

An okada motorbike driver carries a passenger in eastern Freetown, Sierra Leone. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Thousands protest in streets of Freetown sparking sometimes violent confrontations

Ghalia al-Asseh (27), who fled Syria in 2015, and will soon be asked to leave Denmark. Photograph: Charlotte de la Fuente/The New York Times

Returnees have been disappeared or murdered shortly after arriving

Debris from a dinghy, which was supposedly carrying more than 100 migrants, floating in the Mediterranean Sea northeast of the Libyan capital Tripoli on Thursday. Photograph: AP

‘Events show death at sea not an accident,’ says group that takes calls from vessels in distress

This video grab obtained by AFPTV from Tele Tchad shows Mahamat Idriss (37) the son of slain Chadian president Idriss Déby. Photograph: AFPTV from Tele Tchad via Getty

Idriss Déby had been in power since 1990, after ousting the dictator Hissène Habré

A facilitator from the charity Goal leads a training for community mobilisers who will help their areas create action plans focused on what to do if Ebola spreads across the border to Sierra Leone. Photograph: Sally Hayden

West African nation braced for spread of the deadly disease from neighbouring Guinea

The charity confirmed last week that two members of Oxfam DRC staff were suspended as part of an ongoing investigation, set up last November, into allegations of abuses of power. File photograph: Getty

Charity ‘acutely aware’ of duty to survivors, ‘including in supporting them to speak out’

Abdulai Gbla (62) managed to rebuild a shelter with scrap metal and nails. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Burning-down of slum in Sierra Leone leaves 7,000 homeless amid hopes of better rebuild

 Tourists board a boat on the coast of the Banana Islands. Photograph:  Sally Hayden

The tourist island near Freetown is lush and green but needs funds to preserve its heritage

Rescued migrants receive food aid as they disembark  from a Libyan coastguard vessel upon its arrival at the capital Tripoli’s naval base. Photograph:  Mahmud Turkia/AFP/Getty Images

Desperate refugees face uncertain future in poorly-run, unsafe detention centres

A fire broke out in the night of March 24th at Susan’s Bay slum in Freetown, Sierra Leone. Photograph: Sally Hayden

More than 80 injured in capital amids calls for Sierra Leone government to intervene

A woman walks in front of a damaged house which was shelled as federal-aligned forces entered the city, in Wukro, north of Mekele, on March 1st. Photograph: Eduardo Soteras/AFP

Call for more protection of civilians after men dragged off bus and shot by soldiers

Security officers waiting  for the arrival of re-elected Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni on his way back from his country home in Kampala on January 21st, 2021. Photograph:   Getty Images

Families and friends tell of abductions from homes and roadsides by security forces

Sierra Leone’s president Julius Maada Bio receives the Covid-19 vaccine  at the State House in Freetown on Monday. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Sierra Leone’s president urges leaders to persuade their citizens to get Covid-19 jab

People clean the grave of their loved one, a suspected Ebola victim in 2015, at the Disco Hill safe burial site in Margibi County, Liberia. Photograph: Ahmed Jallanzo/ EPA

Genetic analysis suggests transmission occurred through semen

Witnesses Frezgi Ataklti, Salih Mohamed and Mohamed’s mother outside Addis Ababa federal court after they gave evidence against the alleged smuggler Tewelde Goitom. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Suspected human smuggler’s pre-trial escape in Ethiopia distresses victims

Tanzanian president John Pombe Magufuli. Photograph: Michele Spatari/AFP via Getty

John Magufuli is a vaccine sceptic who has urged citizens to put their faith in God

Supporters of opposition candidate Ousmane Sonko call for his release in Dakar on Tuesday. Photograph: John Wessels/AFP

At least eight killed and hundreds injured in country’s worst protests in decades

A rally in December in protest against the kidnapping of schoolchildren in the northwestern state of Katsina, Nigeria. Photograph: Kola Sulaimon/AFP/Getty

Incident in Zamfara state is latest in long series of mass child abductions across region

Ethiopian refugees gather to celebrate the 46th anniversary of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front at Um Raquba refugee camp in Gedaref, eastern Sudan, on February 19th.  Photograph: Hussein Ery/AFP via Getty Images

Report details killing of unarmed civilians by Eritrean troops in Axum last November

Mahamane Ousmane alleges widespread fraud in election marred by violence

In an image from video, United Nations peacekeepers guard the area where the UN convoy was attacked in eastern DRC. Photograph: Justin Kabumba/AP

Unnamed driver and Italian military policeman also die in ambush in east of African country

Paul Rusesabagina (centre) attends court with his coaccused at the start of his trial at the supreme court in Kigali, Rwanda  on Wednesday. Photograph: Eugene Uwimana/EPA

Paul Rusesabagina disappeared in Dubai in August before resurfacing in Kigali

A man reads the Sunday Vision newspaper whose front page shows a portrait of Uganda’s re-elected president, Yoweri Museveni. Photograph:  Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP via Getty Images

Shutdown was necessary for ‘security of our country’, says communications minister

Medical workers disinfect the coffin of a deceased unconfirmed Ebola patient inside a treatment centre in August 2018 in Beni. Photograph: John Wessels/AFP via Getty

WHO says it is not unusual for sporadic cases to occur following a major outbreak

Beatrice Amono (42): Her brother and uncle were killed in the 2004 Lukodi massacre. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Ugandan child soldier turned rebel leader Dominic Ongwen guilty of 61 war crimes

Young boys listen to a radio broadcasting the verdict in the ruling against Dominic Ongwen, a former LRA commander, in his home village of Coorom, northern Uganda. Photograph:  Sally Hayden

Former LRA commander convicted at the ICC in a trial many Ugandans think should not have happened

Ethiopian soldiers stand at Mai Aini refugee camp. Eritrean refugees fear their suffering may not be over. Photograph: Eduardo Soteras/AFP

Former UN undersecretary-general condemns response to Tigray’s desperate people

Ethiopian refugees who fled the Tigray conflict at a village next to Um Raquba refugee camp in Gedaref, eastern Sudan. Photograph: Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty

Aid agencies concerned about a building humanitarian crisis in the Ethiopian region

In this January 15th, 2021 photograph, Uganda’s leading opposition challenger, Bobi Wine, walks back to his residence after giving a press conference outside Kampala, Uganda. Photograph: Jerome Delay/ AP

Opposition leader and his wife have been held in their home since presidential election

Uganda’s president Yoweri Museveni stops to speak to supporters as he heads back to his residence in Kampala on Thursday, after being declared the winner in last week’s election. Photograph: Luke Dray/Getty Images

Rival Bobi Wine remains under house arrest and says election result is ‘daylight robbery’

Uganda electoral commission chairman Simon Byabakama, centre, declares Ugandan president Yoweri Kaguta Museveni winner of the presidential elections in Kampala on Saturday. Photograph: Jerome Delay/ AP Photo

Kampala Letter: We ‘may never know the true result’ of the election

Supporters of the National Resistance Movement (NRM) rest at a petrol station as they celebrate the victory of President Yoweri Museveni after the results of the presidential election in Kampala, Uganda.  Photograph: Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP via Getty Images

Police and special forces outside home of Bobi Wine, who claims vote was rigged

 Ugandan presidential candidate Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu, otherwise known as Bobi Wine, casts his ballot in the presidential elections in Kampala, Uganda.  Photograph: EPA/STR

Uganda's incumbent president, 76-year-old Museveni, has been in power since 1986

 Election posters for presidential candidate Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu otherwise known as Bobi Wine adorn a locked store front in the capital Kampala. Photograph: EPA/STR

Polls open on Thursday as pop star Bobi Wine takes on longstanding president Museveni

A government-organised coronavirus task force meeting in Gulu, northern Uganda. Photograph: Sally Hayden

As election looms, lack of funding from government at heart of state’s inability to tackle Covid-19

Musician turned politician Robert Kyagulanyi, aka Bobi Wine, at his home in Wakiso, Uganda, on Friday, announcing  his plans to take president Yoweri Museveni to the International Criminal Court. Photograph: Sumy Sadurni/AFP via Getty Images

Musician Bobi Wine says Yoweri Museveni has committed more crimes than Joseph Kony

Migrants, most of them from Eritrea, are assisted by aid workers of the Spanish NGO Open Arms, after being located sailing adrift on an overcrowded wooden boat in the Mediterranean sea, about 85 miles north of Libya, on Thursday. Photograph: Joan Mateu/AP Photo

Pandemic has reduced international attention paid to humanitarian crisis

Christopher Muhumza, 27, a boda boda driver, wanted to run for a parliamentary position, but couldn’t afford the 3 million Ugandan shillings registration fee. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Supporters of pop star and presidential candidate Bobi Wine wary of upcoming votes

Ugandan presidential candidate Bobi Wine, aka Robert Kyagulanyi, speaks at a press conference in Kampala on Tuesday. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Repression on the rise as opposition presidential candidate aims to ‘remove dictator’

Berhanu Bayeh, one of the former  senior officials in the communist Derg regime who has been living in the Italian embassy in Addis Ababa for 29 years. Screengrab: YouTube

Two officials have sentences commuted, ending what may be world’s longest diplomatic asylum saga

Villagers collect food aid dropped from a plane  onto a drop zone at a village in Ayod county, South Sudan. Photograph: Tony Karumba/AFP via Getty

Review finds 24,000 people are at a ‘catastrophic’ level of food insecurity

There are an estimated 10 million migrant workers in Saudi Arabia. Before the pandemic began, 10,000 Ethiopians were deported from Saudi Arabia every month, mostly for not having valid residency permits. Photograph: Fayez Nureldine/AFP via Getty Images

Detainees said to be beaten with rods, which allegedly led to three deaths between October and November

A school classroom in Dapchi, northern Nigeria, after Boko Haram students kidnapped schoolgirls in 2018. Photograph: Aminu Abubakar/AFP via Getty

Incident echoes previous kidnapping in April 2014 when 276 schoolgirls were abducted

People from villages walking to a  market in Bambari, Central African Republic. Photograph: Camille laffont/AFP via Getty Images

Some 2.3m people likely to need food aid due to inflation, disruption to local production and Covid making imports difficult

A woman holds her child as she prepares to cast her vote at a polling station in the eastern region district of Kyebi on December 7th during Ghana’s presidential and parliamentary elections. Photograph: Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP via Getty

Country on west African coast widely perceived as one of continent’s most democratic

Child soldiers watch the inauguration of Yoweri Museveni in 1986. Photograph: William Campbell/Sygma via Getty

Dominic Ongwen faces a war-crimes verdict in January. For some Ugandans his story isn’t simple

A member of the Amhara Special Forces next to a machine gun at an improvised camp in the front of a shop in Humera, Ethiopia: In October, when the central government cut its funding, the Tigray’s leadership said it was akin to a “declaration of war”. Photograph:  Eduardo Soteras/AFP

Country in crisis over government refusal to sanction regional election

Locals praying outside a  half-built  church in Sela Dingay, an area  200km northeast of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.  Photograph: Sally Hayden

Rural monasteries and churches have become accessible again following months under a state of emergency due to coronavirus

Girls take part in a traditional Shilluk church ceremony at a protection of civilian site in Malakal, South Sudan on March 31st, 2019. Photograph: Alex McBride/AFP via Getty

Sites sheltered hundreds of thousands who fled brutal violence during country’s war

Ongoing security operations prior to Tanzania’s general elections, in Stone Town, Zanzibar. Photograph: Anthony Siame/EPA

Strongman leader John Magufuli looks likely to be elected president for a second term

A boy holds a banner during a protest against Nigerian rogue police, otherwise know as the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (Sars), in Lagos, Nigeria. Photograph: Akintunde Akinleye/EPA

Call for army to withdraw from streets of Lagos and prosecution of officers

Ousted Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir in April 2012. He was accused of allowing militant groups to operate from his state. Photograph: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty Images

Trump welcomes ‘justice’ for victims of 1998 terrorist attacks on embassies by al-Qaeda

 A protester holds a placard at a demonstration against the Nigerian rogue police, the Special Anti-Robbery Squad, in Ikeja in  Lagos. Photograph: Akintunde Akinleye

Footage of men dragged from Lagos hotel and one being shot fuels demonstrations

Researchers also documented people with mental health problems, including children, being subjected to alternative ‘treatments’, including eating or drinking mixes of herbs. Photograph: Florent Vergnes/AFP

Half of 30 countries globally with highest suicide rates are in Africa, says WHO

An inflatable boat off the Libyan coast. Over the past three years, tens of thousands of refugees and migrants have been caught trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea and detained without charge or trial. Photograph: Federico Scoppa/AFP/Getty

Migrants continue to endure arbitrary and indefinite detention in dire living conditions

Felix Lutalo stands outside his music store in the bus park in Gulu, northern Uganda, holding a Westlife compilation he’s selling. Photograph: Sally Hayden.

The Irish boyband is incredibly popular across Africa - so why have they never toured there?

Refugees and migrants waiting to be rescued in the Mediterranean off  the coast of  Libya. Photograph: Getty Images

Amnesty says 8,500 men, women and children returned to Libya this year were locked up, ‘disappeared’ or sent to detention centres

A team in protective gear carry out the burial of a coronavirus victim in Gulu, northern Uganda. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Uganda Letter: In a country that dealt with Ebola 20 years ago, many healthcare workers risk going too far implementing controls d(...)

Congolese refugee Riziki Kwabo, 36, says it’s been hard taking care of five young children who are all out of school. Now, they also risk eviction. Photograph: Sally Hayden

They came to Uganda in search of a new life. Now, they’re facing eviction and destitution

Burundi’s former president Pierre Nkurunziza: he refused to step down after two terms. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

UN inquiry says torture, rape and arbitrary detention among the wrongdoings documented over the past 16 months

 A procession on the eve of the Ethiopian new year, in the city of Mekele.  Photograph:  Eduardo Soteras / AFP

September 11th marks New Year’s Day according to the Ethiopian calendar

 Congolese Nobel Peace prize winner Denis Mukwege. Photograph: Behrouz Mehri/AFP via Getty

Doctor has been vocal about need to end use of sexual violence as a weapon of war

A polling station is seen during Tigray’s regional election, in the town of Tikul. Photograph: Eduardo Soteras/AFP via Getty Images

Voters turn out for regional ballot despite federal authorities declaring it illegal

A soldier stands next to supporters of the CNSP celebrating during a gathering at the start of two days of talks aimed at validating the terms of reference for a transitional government in Mali. Photograph: Michele Cattani/AFP via Getty

Regional bloc of 15 countries also calls for elections to be held within 12 months

Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, came to power in 2015 after promising to improve the economy and fight corruption. Photograph: Ericky Boniphace/AFP via Getty Images

Ten countries including Ireland call for fairness amid concerns about authoritarianism

Paul Rusesabagina, the man who inspired the film Hotel Rwanda: accused of being “the founder, leader, sponsor and member of violent, armed, extremist terror outfits”. Photograph: E Schneider/Voices-Unabridged/EPA

Paul Rusesabagina, who helped save 1,200 people during genocide, charged with terrorism

 Migrants among the 350  on board the Sea-Watch 4 civil sea rescue ship, that is waiting for permission to run into a port, on sea between Malta and Italy.  Photograph: Thomas Lohnes/AFP via Getty Images

United Nations agencies call for a safe port to be granted to rescue ships

Rwot Oyoro preaches outside Gulu main market in northern Uganda on Saturday, a national day of prayer against Covid-19. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Uganda’s president harnesses faith of predominantly Christian country as cases rise

Sudanese protesters hold images of missing people during a rally in the capital, Khartoum, last year. Photograph: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty

Red Cross warns that once-common strategies to reunite families no longer possible

A police officer gestures while talking to youths  in the Kifangondo district of Luanda, Angola. Photograph: Getty Images

Amnesty says there are criminal investigations into the deaths, and those responsible must be brought to justice

 Otim Calvin Manase (13), pictured with his mother Tusabe Annet in Namuwongo, Kampala. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Children at risk of violence, sexual abuse and poor nutrition without return to education

White Cliffs of Dover: crossing the Channel by boat is extremely dangerous  for refugees. Photograph: Aeris Finney/British ministry of defence

Hope-fuelled treks from horror to reach UK show how security blocks off options

Water levels have risen along the river Nile, which means ferries can no longer cross at Murchison Falls, Uganda’s biggest national park. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Lack of foreign visitors has facilitated increase in poaching and loss of revenue

Dorah Mirembe’s law firm was responsible for hiring people to search for vulnerable families living in remote Ugandan villages, according to a statement on the US State Department website.  Photograph: Getty Images

Two judges and a lawyer accused of helping trick parents into giving away their children

Migrants  from Tunisia and Libya are examined as they arrive on board  an Italian coast guard  boat in the Italian Pelagie Island of Lampedusa. Photograph:  Alberto Pizzoli/AFP/Getty

Dire condition of Libyan migrant detention centres condemned by human rights groups

German troops  in southwest Africa in   1914. Namibia was a German colony between 1884 and 1915. Photograph:  The Print Collector via Getty Images

Officials from both sides have participated in eight rounds of talks on this issue since 2015

Medical staff prepare to start administering drugs to a Covid-19 patient inside a field hospital in Machakos, Kenya. Photograph: Daniel Irungu/EPA

Anti-corruption campaigners in Africa say tenders given out in crisis have less oversight

West African migrants returning from Niger after fleeing Libya, following their failed attempt to reach Europe by crossing the Mediterranean. Photograph: Issouf Sanogo/AFP via Getty

EU spending hundreds of millions in countries such as Niger to stop flow of migrants

 Family members wearing  PPE suits carry the remains of an elderly  relative who died from  Covid-19  at a graveyard in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph:  EPA/Kim Ludbrook

In some countries experts are worried that big outbreaks may be ongoing but unreported

A mother stands with her baby outside the maternity ward in Gulu Regional Referral Hospital, northern Uganda, on July 30th. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Scarce resources, anaesthetic costs and poor infrastructure hit pregnant women badly

A woman in a detention centre in Tripoli, Libya in  June 2017. File photograph:  Florian Gaertner/Photothek via Getty Images

EU, which has spent close to €100m on coast guard, says use of violence ‘unacceptable’

Opoka Francis (40) stands outside his Mukungu Caro bar in Gulu. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Shuttered bars serve alcohol despite Museveni curfew and ban on ‘merry-making’

 Volunteers from Sonko Rescue Team, an NGO privately funded by Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko, fumigate a street to curb the spread of Covid-19   in Nairobi, Kenya on April 6th. Photograph: Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP via Getty Images

The continent’s history of dealing with outbreaks prepared it for Covid-19

Ugandan president Yoweri Kaguta Museveni: “I don’t want to hear about selfish people, those are enemies of our future.” Photograph: Minasse Wondimu Hailu/Anadolu Agency/Getty

Museveni to keep borders shut as Covid-19 curfew and a food shortage hit people hard

Inflatable boat with 47 migrants on board being rescued by the Dutch-flagged Sea Watch 3 off Libya’s coast in January on 2019. Photograph: Federico Scoppa/AFP

‘The last bit of dignity that the EU had left has drowned with these people’

Acayo Rose (74) stands in front of one of her family’s malaria nets with a neighbour and her baby in Gulu. Photograph: Sally Hayden/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Malaria fatalities may double due to Covid-19 causing drug shortage and patient wariness

A woman takes part in the first Botswana Pride Parade, in Gaborone, on November 30, 2019. Photograph: Monirul Bhuiyan/AFP via Getty Images

With many facing persecution and imprisonment, online Pride events are a safe haven

A 23-year-old Sudanese woman Zakia holds a glass of her home-brewed alcoholic drink in Halfaya near the capital Khartoum. Photograph: Khaled Desouki/AFP via Getty

Sovereign council introduces new laws allowing women to travel alone

Moses (10) sells eggs outside a petrol station in Gulu to support his family. Photograph:  Sally Hayden/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Fears of exploitation of children in mining and prostitution amid Covid-19 economics

Ugandan politician Robert Kyagulanyi, better known as pop star Bobi Wine: plans to run for president in January 2021. Photograph: Biko Macoins

As continent’s cases exceed half million, opposition leaders decry ‘war on democracy’

A roadside bar in Accra, Ghana. Photograph: Getty Images

Ghanaian politicians to renew their call-outs to people of African descent to ‘come home’

DJ Kampire on stage during  Nyege Nyege, the annual four-day international music festival, in Jinja, Uganda. Photograph:  Martin Kharumwa

Uganda Letter: Charity messaging and news reports give false image of vibrant region

The owner and co-worker of the 1 Classie Africa beauty salon in Johannesburg, South Africa. Although hair salons are open, many like this one are struggling to get customers to visit them. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

There are concerns about capacities of health systems in many African countries

Health workers  inside the ‘red zone’ of an Ebola treatment centre in Butembo earlier this year. Photograph:  John Wessels/AFP via Getty

Aid response dogged by allegations of embezzlement, fraud and sexual exploitation

‘Naomi: ultra lightening lotion’ is available in carrot, aloe vera, papaya or lemon flavour, and comes from India. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Despite numerous attempts to regulate skin-lightening products, demand persists

More articles