Ongoing security operations prior to Tanzania’s general elections, in Stone Town, Zanzibar. Photograph: Anthony Siame/EPA

Strongman leader John Magufuli looks likely to be elected president for a second term

A boy holds a banner during a protest against Nigerian rogue police, otherwise know as the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (Sars), in Lagos, Nigeria. Photograph: Akintunde Akinleye/EPA

Call for army to withdraw from streets of Lagos and prosecution of officers

Ousted Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir in April 2012. He was accused of allowing militant groups to operate from his state. Photograph: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty Images

Trump welcomes ‘justice’ for victims of 1998 terrorist attacks on embassies by al-Qaeda

 A protester holds a placard at a demonstration against the Nigerian rogue police, the Special Anti-Robbery Squad, in Ikeja in  Lagos. Photograph: Akintunde Akinleye

Footage of men dragged from Lagos hotel and one being shot fuels demonstrations

Researchers also documented people with mental health problems, including children, being subjected to alternative ‘treatments’, including eating or drinking mixes of herbs. Photograph: Florent Vergnes/AFP

Half of 30 countries globally with highest suicide rates are in Africa, says WHO

An inflatable boat off the Libyan coast. Over the past three years, tens of thousands of refugees and migrants have been caught trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea and detained without charge or trial. Photograph: Federico Scoppa/AFP/Getty

Migrants continue to endure arbitrary and indefinite detention in dire living conditions

Felix Lutalo stands outside his music store in the bus park in Gulu, northern Uganda, holding a Westlife compilation he’s selling. Photograph: Sally Hayden.

The Irish boyband is incredibly popular across Africa - so why have they never toured there?

Refugees and migrants waiting to be rescued in the Mediterranean off  the coast of  Libya. Photograph: Getty Images

Amnesty says 8,500 men, women and children returned to Libya this year were locked up, ‘disappeared’ or sent to detention centres

A team in protective gear carry out the burial of a coronavirus victim in Gulu, northern Uganda. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Uganda Letter: In a country that dealt with Ebola 20 years ago, many healthcare workers risk going too far implementing controls d(...)

Congolese refugee Riziki Kwabo, 36, says it’s been hard taking care of five young children who are all out of school. Now, they also risk eviction. Photograph: Sally Hayden

They came to Uganda in search of a new life. Now, they’re facing eviction and destitution

Burundi’s former president Pierre Nkurunziza: he refused to step down after two terms. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

UN inquiry says torture, rape and arbitrary detention among the wrongdoings documented over the past 16 months

 A procession on the eve of the Ethiopian new year, in the city of Mekele.  Photograph:  Eduardo Soteras / AFP

September 11th marks New Year’s Day according to the Ethiopian calendar

 Congolese Nobel Peace prize winner Denis Mukwege. Photograph: Behrouz Mehri/AFP via Getty

Doctor has been vocal about need to end use of sexual violence as a weapon of war

A polling station is seen during Tigray’s regional election, in the town of Tikul. Photograph: Eduardo Soteras/AFP via Getty Images

Voters turn out for regional ballot despite federal authorities declaring it illegal

A soldier stands next to supporters of the CNSP celebrating during a gathering at the start of two days of talks aimed at validating the terms of reference for a transitional government in Mali. Photograph: Michele Cattani/AFP via Getty

Regional bloc of 15 countries also calls for elections to be held within 12 months

Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli, came to power in 2015 after promising to improve the economy and fight corruption. Photograph: Ericky Boniphace/AFP via Getty Images

Ten countries including Ireland call for fairness amid concerns about authoritarianism

Paul Rusesabagina, the man who inspired the film Hotel Rwanda: accused of being “the founder, leader, sponsor and member of violent, armed, extremist terror outfits”. Photograph: E Schneider/Voices-Unabridged/EPA

Paul Rusesabagina, who helped save 1,200 people during genocide, charged with terrorism

 Migrants among the 350  on board the Sea-Watch 4 civil sea rescue ship, that is waiting for permission to run into a port, on sea between Malta and Italy.  Photograph: Thomas Lohnes/AFP via Getty Images

United Nations agencies call for a safe port to be granted to rescue ships

Rwot Oyoro preaches outside Gulu main market in northern Uganda on Saturday, a national day of prayer against Covid-19. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Uganda’s president harnesses faith of predominantly Christian country as cases rise

Sudanese protesters hold images of missing people during a rally in the capital, Khartoum, last year. Photograph: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP via Getty

Red Cross warns that once-common strategies to reunite families no longer possible

A police officer gestures while talking to youths  in the Kifangondo district of Luanda, Angola. Photograph: Getty Images

Amnesty says there are criminal investigations into the deaths, and those responsible must be brought to justice

 Otim Calvin Manase (13), pictured with his mother Tusabe Annet in Namuwongo, Kampala. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Children at risk of violence, sexual abuse and poor nutrition without return to education

White Cliffs of Dover: crossing the Channel by boat is extremely dangerous  for refugees. Photograph: Aeris Finney/British ministry of defence

Hope-fuelled treks from horror to reach UK show how security blocks off options

Water levels have risen along the river Nile, which means ferries can no longer cross at Murchison Falls, Uganda’s biggest national park. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Lack of foreign visitors has facilitated increase in poaching and loss of revenue

Dorah Mirembe’s law firm was responsible for hiring people to search for vulnerable families living in remote Ugandan villages, according to a statement on the US State Department website.  Photograph: Getty Images

Two judges and a lawyer accused of helping trick parents into giving away their children

Migrants  from Tunisia and Libya are examined as they arrive on board  an Italian coast guard  boat in the Italian Pelagie Island of Lampedusa. Photograph:  Alberto Pizzoli/AFP/Getty

Dire condition of Libyan migrant detention centres condemned by human rights groups

German troops  in southwest Africa in   1914. Namibia was a German colony between 1884 and 1915. Photograph:  The Print Collector via Getty Images

Officials from both sides have participated in eight rounds of talks on this issue since 2015

Medical staff prepare to start administering drugs to a Covid-19 patient inside a field hospital in Machakos, Kenya. Photograph: Daniel Irungu/EPA

Anti-corruption campaigners in Africa say tenders given out in crisis have less oversight

West African migrants returning from Niger after fleeing Libya, following their failed attempt to reach Europe by crossing the Mediterranean. Photograph: Issouf Sanogo/AFP via Getty

EU spending hundreds of millions in countries such as Niger to stop flow of migrants

 Family members wearing  PPE suits carry the remains of an elderly  relative who died from  Covid-19  at a graveyard in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph:  EPA/Kim Ludbrook

In some countries experts are worried that big outbreaks may be ongoing but unreported

A mother stands with her baby outside the maternity ward in Gulu Regional Referral Hospital, northern Uganda, on July 30th. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Scarce resources, anaesthetic costs and poor infrastructure hit pregnant women badly

A woman in a detention centre in Tripoli, Libya in  June 2017. File photograph:  Florian Gaertner/Photothek via Getty Images

EU, which has spent close to €100m on coast guard, says use of violence ‘unacceptable’

Opoka Francis (40) stands outside his Mukungu Caro bar in Gulu. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Shuttered bars serve alcohol despite Museveni curfew and ban on ‘merry-making’

 Volunteers from Sonko Rescue Team, an NGO privately funded by Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko, fumigate a street to curb the spread of Covid-19   in Nairobi, Kenya on April 6th. Photograph: Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP via Getty Images

The continent’s history of dealing with outbreaks prepared it for Covid-19

Ugandan president Yoweri Kaguta Museveni: “I don’t want to hear about selfish people, those are enemies of our future.” Photograph: Minasse Wondimu Hailu/Anadolu Agency/Getty

Museveni to keep borders shut as Covid-19 curfew and a food shortage hit people hard

Inflatable boat with 47 migrants on board being rescued by the Dutch-flagged Sea Watch 3 off Libya’s coast in January on 2019. Photograph: Federico Scoppa/AFP

‘The last bit of dignity that the EU had left has drowned with these people’

Acayo Rose (74) stands in front of one of her family’s malaria nets with a neighbour and her baby in Gulu. Photograph: Sally Hayden/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Malaria fatalities may double due to Covid-19 causing drug shortage and patient wariness

A woman takes part in the first Botswana Pride Parade, in Gaborone, on November 30, 2019. Photograph: Monirul Bhuiyan/AFP via Getty Images

With many facing persecution and imprisonment, online Pride events are a safe haven

A 23-year-old Sudanese woman Zakia holds a glass of her home-brewed alcoholic drink in Halfaya near the capital Khartoum. Photograph: Khaled Desouki/AFP via Getty

Sovereign council introduces new laws allowing women to travel alone

Moses (10) sells eggs outside a petrol station in Gulu to support his family. Photograph:  Sally Hayden/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Fears of exploitation of children in mining and prostitution amid Covid-19 economics

Ugandan politician Robert Kyagulanyi, better known as pop star Bobi Wine: plans to run for president in January 2021. Photograph: Biko Macoins

As continent’s cases exceed half million, opposition leaders decry ‘war on democracy’

A roadside bar in Accra, Ghana. Photograph: Getty Images

Ghanaian politicians to renew their call-outs to people of African descent to ‘come home’

DJ Kampire on stage during  Nyege Nyege, the annual four-day international music festival, in Jinja, Uganda. Photograph:  Martin Kharumwa

Uganda Letter: Charity messaging and news reports give false image of vibrant region

The owner and co-worker of the 1 Classie Africa beauty salon in Johannesburg, South Africa. Although hair salons are open, many like this one are struggling to get customers to visit them. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

There are concerns about capacities of health systems in many African countries

Health workers  inside the ‘red zone’ of an Ebola treatment centre in Butembo earlier this year. Photograph:  John Wessels/AFP via Getty

Aid response dogged by allegations of embezzlement, fraud and sexual exploitation

‘Naomi: ultra lightening lotion’ is available in carrot, aloe vera, papaya or lemon flavour, and comes from India. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Despite numerous attempts to regulate skin-lightening products, demand persists

Children at a displaced persons camp in the Khokha district of Yemen’s western province of Hodeida. Photograph: Khaled Ziad/AFP via Getty Images

UNHCR report finds 79.5m people – or one in 97 – on planet have been forcibly displaced

Street children queue to wash their hands outside Gulu main market before being given a meal. Photograph: Sally Hayden.

Lockdowns reveal how world’s most vulnerable live – including millions of children

Sex workers walk  home after receiving aid from an advocacy organisation at Bwaise slum in Kampala, Uganda. Photograph: Sumy Sadurni/AFP via Getty Images

Pandemic has increased sex workers’ risk of assault and HIV transmission, charities say

Sir Samuel Baker Road in Gulu, northern Uganda, is named after a British explorer who is said to have laid the foundations for colonialism. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Petition calls for use of domestic heroes in nomenclature rather than British overlords

A teacher measures the temperature of a pupil before school starts in Pretoria, South Africa. Photograph: Christiaan Kotze / AFP via Getty

South Africa is the most affected country, with more than 52,000 confirmed cases

 Members of the Economic Freedom Fighters and supporters protest outside the US embassy in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Demonstrations across continent prompt renewed focus on police violence and colourism

Women and girls board a plane at Entebbe international airport, Uganda, to travel to the Middle East for work. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Some domestic workers are left outside embassies without passport, belongings or pay

Ugandan activist Pat Robert Larubi is riding a motorbike across Uganda to deliver suncream to people with albinism. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Transport ban due to coronavirus has stopped people with albinism getting suncream

Truck driver Naliku Musa waits for coronavirus test results at the border between Uganda and South Sudan, which is closed to everything except cargo trucks. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Border with Uganda closed as even leaders of world’s newest country test positive for Covid-19

 Nigerian children are screened, and sometimes interrogated, tortured and imprisoned, as they flee Boko Haram. Photograph: Boureima Hama/AFP/Getty Images

Amnesty International publishes study into detainees during Boko Haram insurgency

An inflatable boat with 47 migrants on board being rescued by the Dutch-flagged Sea Watch 3 off Libya’s coasts in January 2019. Photograph: Federico Scoppa/AFP via Getty

A growing list of refugees and migrants have died after being forced back to Libya

Inside the offices of Radio King 90.2FM in Gulu, northern Uganda, where presenter Okeng Isaac Jans dedicates segments of his show to connect loved ones. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Station in Gulu city is dedicating segments of show to connect people affected by travel ban

Stella Nyanzi: poet organised a protest for more food distribution to people financially struggling in the nationwide lockdown to curb coronavirus. Photograph: Sumy Sadurni/AFP

Museveni lockdown warned against unauthorised food distribution and crowds

Sudanese women and a youth walk together in the capital Khartoum’s district of Jureif Ghar amid movement restrictions aimed to curb the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus. Photograph: Ashraf Shazly/AFP/Getty

Pandemic a major challenge in a country still dealing with recent political upheaval

Women sit along the street in downtown Bujumbura, Burundi. Photograph: AFP via Getty Images

Concerns grow over potential clashes and spread of Covid-19 as country prepares to vote

Residents in Antanarivo, Madagascar, are given bottles of an untested herbal mixture said to prevent and cure Covid-19. Photograph: Alexander Joe

Untested herbal ‘Covid Organics’ drink promoted by Madagascar’s president

Residents from Busia County, Kenya, navigate flood waters after the Nzoia river  burst its banks. The deluge was compounded by backflow from Lake Victoria. Photograph: Reuters

Rwanda hard hit by ‘worst in months’ rains that have caused ‘a number of disasters’

Yoga teacher Siri Ajeet Dipuo Banda (left) and her family walk  outside her family house in the Alexandra Township in Johannesburg, South Africa, on Wednesday. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

WHO says one-third of countries on continent have successfully contained Covid-19

Khalid Mahmoud (39): was arrested for planning to carry out a food distribution for orphans, widows and other vulnerable people. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Distributing food to Uganda’s hungry can get you tortured and arrested

 A South African man wears a mask made from a breakfast cereal box in Masiphumelele informal settlement, Cape Town, South Africa, 01 May 2020. South Africa has moved its total lockdown to a slightly less restricted level 4 lockdown part of a government risk adjusted strategy to try stem the spread of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 which causes the Covid-19 disease. In level 4 lockdown the wearing of masks outside is compulsory. EPA/NIC BOTHMA

The economic shock associated with Covid-19 has hit hard an industry already in difficulty

Gen Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army has stopped military operations for the month of Ramadan. Photograph: LNA War Information Division/AFP via Getty

Libyan National Army says it has stopped fighting in response to international appeals

People shelter under a tree as locusts take flight in Laisamis, Kenya: swarms are likely to disrupt agricultural production and supply routes, leaving millions hungry. Photograph: Khadija Farah/New York Times

UN warns of food threat as swarms cover 150km daily and eat same as 35,000 people

A security man gives orders to quarantined travellers protesting about being held because of the Covid-19 outbreak for more than the usual 14 days at Kenyatta University near Nairobi in Kenya. Photograph: Baz Ratner/Reuters

Up to 50 of 200 held in government facility in Nairobi are thought to have escaped

Locals in Antananarivo, the capital of Madagascar, have their bottles filled with a herbal extract. Photograph: Alexander Joe

Andry Rajoelina promotes ‘Covid-Organics’ liquid as WHO reiterates no known cure

A Ugandan health official wearing protective gear disinfects the Nakawa open-air market  to prevent the spread of the coronavirus in  Kampala, Uganda. Photograph:  Reuters/Abubaker Lubowa

Coronavirus restrictions are taking their toll on the country’s wedding industry

One week after trying to cross the Mediterranean, there has been no sign of 16-year-old Yahya, a football fan with a strong work ethic.

MSF describes treatment of refugees and migrants over Easter weekend as ‘grotesque’

 Refugees and security guards at a UNHCR compound in Nairobi on Monday, after a Ugandan refugee had taken his own life. Photograph:  Daniel Irungu/EPA

UNHCR expresses ‘profound shock’ at death by suicide of Ugandan man in his 20s

Soldiers look down at a man they have caught violating coronavirus restrictions. At one point, one of them kicked him in the head. Photograph: Sally Hayden

President urges soldiers to stop assaulting civilians during coronavirus lockdown

Ebola responders carry the body of an 11-year-old girl who died after being admitted to an Ebola treatment centre in Beni, Congo, Photograph: Finbarr O’Reilly/The New York Times

‘Stakes increasingly high because the world cannot have two epidemics at the same time’

An Eritrean teenager in a dormitory for unaccompanied minors in Shagarab refugee camp, eastern Sudan, in 2017. Many Eritreans stop here before travelling on towards Libya. Photograph: Sally Hayden

In Libya, migrants pay smugglers to get them to Europe. Instead, they are tortured, raped, killed

A masked boda boda motorbike driver rides home 20 minutes before curfew in Gulu, northern Uganda. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Yoweri Museveni makes address after images of tortured women circulate online

Orthodox Christians pray outside the closed Medhane Alem Cathedral in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as the government warned the population to avoid large gatherings to curb the spread of the  coronavirus. Photograph:  Michael Tewelde/AFP/ Getty Images)

World Health Organisation warns about the devastating impact coronavirus could have across African continent

A cemetery where people who died of Ebola in the 2000-2001 outbreak are buried in Gulu, Uganda. Photograph: Sally Hayden

With West struggling to control the pandemic, developing nations are getting less help

Supporters of Libyan military strongman Khalifa Haftar demonstrate in Benghazi. On April 4th, 2019 Haftar ordered his self-styled Libyan National Army to advance on Tripoli in a bid to take the capital. Photograph: Abdullah Doma/AFP/Getty Images

No end in sight to conflict which has seen some 150,000 civilians displaced

Kenyan police officers interrogate a man they found walking at night as they patrolled to enforce curfew in  one of the most densely populated parts of Nairobi on Tuesday. Photograph: Daniel Irungu/EPA

Calls for accountability grow after boy (13) shot dead during police crackdown

A police officer chases street vendors in Kampala, Uganda, on March 26th after Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni directed the public to stay home for 32 days to curb the spread of Covid-19. Photograph: Badru Katumba/AFP via Getty Images

‘I don’t know what might happen next but I’m thinking most people will begin starving’

Motorcyclists have their temperature  measured on a road outside the Nigerian capital, Abuja. Photograph: Kola Sulaimon/AFP via Getty

Charities warn African countries lack medical equipment needed to cope with outbreak

Boda boda driver Lubangakene Godfrey (40) says he can’t afford not to work, despite coronavirus restrictions. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Public transport ban has left tens of thousands of boda boda drivers without an income

Author and journalist Christina Lamb. Photograph: David Levenson/ Getty Images

The mass of testimonies in Christina Lamb’s book feels like a display of strength

 Some of the 14 immigrants who survived after they were found in a container on a truck in Tete province, in the western part of Mozambique. Photograph: EPA/STR

Fatalities reveal level of corruption and traffickers in Mozambique, Amnesty says

Tailor Mama Ojara (28) lives in one room with five others in Namuwongo, Kampala. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Packed homes and shared facilities stoke fears in one Kampala slum of a devastating outbreak

 Virunga National Park, home to about a third of the world’s mountain gorillas, has barred visitors until June 1st over fears of Covid-19 infection. Photograph: Jerome Delay

Rwanda and Democratic Republic of the Congo ban tourists from endangered species

Temperatures are checked as people arrive at the St Patrick’s Day gala ball in the Sheraton Hotel in Kampala. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Kampala Letter: Coronavirus concerns dominate celebration of Irish connections

A woman wears a face mask on a  busy shopping street in Dakar, Senegal, on Wednesday amid rising concern in Africa over the spread of coronavirus. Photograph:  Zohra Bensemra/Reuters

Europeans in Uganda express fears over potential backlash as disease spreads

Children leaving school in Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya.’No one will be safe here if coronavirus arrives,’ a Congolese woman told The Irish Times.  Photograph: Sally Hayden/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

There are almost 200,000 refugees in Kakuma alone, and they are relying on aid agencies to provide healthcare

 French soldiers use detectors to  search for improvised explosive devices during the Burkhane Operation in northern Burkina Faso, in November 2019. File photograph: Michele Cattani/AFP via Getty

UN high commissioner for refugees: People being killed, women raped, children cannot go to school

Sudanese prime minister Abdalla Hamdock survived unharmed after  an assassination attempt using explosives in Khartoum. Photograph: Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty

Abdalla Hamdok, who heads a transitional government, unharmed in Khartoum blast

The arrest of Ugandan  filmmaker Moses Bwayo has been condemned by the US and EU embassies, as well as international press freedom groups.  Photograph: Reuters/Abubaker Lubowa

Moses Bwayo faces charges for working on a documentary about the opposition leader

Semida Masika, the last patient being treated for Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is discharged from hospital. Photograph: Reuters

Ebola killed more than 2,200 at epicentre of devastating 18-month outbreak

A young boy jumps across a stream as some roads have flooded after recent rains in the Praia Nova neighbourhood in Beira, Mozambique on February 26th. During cyclone Idai in 2019 most parts of the neighbourhood were completely flooded. Photograph: Karel Prinsloo/UNCDF/AFP via Getty

Roughly half a million residents of Beira in Mozambique still suffering impact of storms

Migrants  are pictured during a rescue operation  off the coast of Libya in the Mediterranean Sea. Photograph: Hannah Wallace Bowman/MSF/Handout via Reuters

Many more are injured following blaze at facility dubbed the Libyan ‘Guantanamo’

Alpha Condé arrives at the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,  during a recent session of the Assembly of the African Heads of States. Photograph:  Michael Tewelde/AFP via Getty Images

President Alpha Condé, who described himself as the ‘Obama’ of Guinea, seeks to cement power

The Ugandan musician turned politician, Robert Kyagulanyi also known as Bobi Wine. Photograph: Reuters/Abubaker Lubowa

Dan Kyeyune was shot in the head; Ritah Nabukenya was run over

Ugandan climate activist Vanessa Nakate:  ‘It was very frustrating and hurtful for me to see that photo because a million questions came into my head . . . was I not fit to be in that photo?’ Photograph: Isaac Kasamani/AFP/Getty Images

Kampala Letter: Davos photo featuring Greta Thunberg had Ugandan activist cropped out

More articles