Orthodox Christians pray outside the closed Medhane Alem Cathedral in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia as the government warned the population to avoid large gatherings to curb the spread of the  coronavirus. Photograph:  Michael Tewelde/AFP/ Getty Images)

World Health Organisation warns about the devastating impact coronavirus could have across African continent

A cemetery where people who died of Ebola in the 2000-2001 outbreak are buried in Gulu, Uganda. Photograph: Sally Hayden

With West struggling to control the pandemic, developing nations are getting less help

Supporters of Libyan military strongman Khalifa Haftar demonstrate in Benghazi. On April 4th, 2019 Haftar ordered his self-styled Libyan National Army to advance on Tripoli in a bid to take the capital. Photograph: Abdullah Doma/AFP/Getty Images

No end in sight to conflict which has seen some 150,000 civilians displaced

Kenyan police officers interrogate a man they found walking at night as they patrolled to enforce curfew in  one of the most densely populated parts of Nairobi on Tuesday. Photograph: Daniel Irungu/EPA

Calls for accountability grow after boy (13) shot dead during police crackdown

A police officer chases street vendors in Kampala, Uganda, on March 26th after Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni directed the public to stay home for 32 days to curb the spread of Covid-19. Photograph: Badru Katumba/AFP via Getty Images

‘I don’t know what might happen next but I’m thinking most people will begin starving’

Motorcyclists have their temperature  measured on a road outside the Nigerian capital, Abuja. Photograph: Kola Sulaimon/AFP via Getty

Charities warn African countries lack medical equipment needed to cope with outbreak

Boda boda driver Lubangakene Godfrey (40) says he can’t afford not to work, despite coronavirus restrictions. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Public transport ban has left tens of thousands of boda boda drivers without an income

Author and journalist Christina Lamb. Photograph: David Levenson/ Getty Images

The mass of testimonies in Christina Lamb’s book feels like a display of strength

 Some of the 14 immigrants who survived after they were found in a container on a truck in Tete province, in the western part of Mozambique. Photograph: EPA/STR

Fatalities reveal level of corruption and traffickers in Mozambique, Amnesty says

Tailor Mama Ojara (28) lives in one room with five others in Namuwongo, Kampala. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Packed homes and shared facilities stoke fears in one Kampala slum of a devastating outbreak

 Virunga National Park, home to about a third of the world’s mountain gorillas, has barred visitors until June 1st over fears of Covid-19 infection. Photograph: Jerome Delay

Rwanda and Democratic Republic of the Congo ban tourists from endangered species

Temperatures are checked as people arrive at the St Patrick’s Day gala ball in the Sheraton Hotel in Kampala. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Kampala Letter: Coronavirus concerns dominate celebration of Irish connections

A woman wears a face mask on a  busy shopping street in Dakar, Senegal, on Wednesday amid rising concern in Africa over the spread of coronavirus. Photograph:  Zohra Bensemra/Reuters

Europeans in Uganda express fears over potential backlash as disease spreads

Children leaving school in Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya.’No one will be safe here if coronavirus arrives,’ a Congolese woman told The Irish Times.  Photograph: Sally Hayden/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

There are almost 200,000 refugees in Kakuma alone, and they are relying on aid agencies to provide healthcare

 French soldiers use detectors to  search for improvised explosive devices during the Burkhane Operation in northern Burkina Faso, in November 2019. File photograph: Michele Cattani/AFP via Getty

UN high commissioner for refugees: People being killed, women raped, children cannot go to school

Sudanese prime minister Abdalla Hamdock survived unharmed after  an assassination attempt using explosives in Khartoum. Photograph: Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty

Abdalla Hamdok, who heads a transitional government, unharmed in Khartoum blast

The arrest of Ugandan  filmmaker Moses Bwayo has been condemned by the US and EU embassies, as well as international press freedom groups.  Photograph: Reuters/Abubaker Lubowa

Moses Bwayo faces charges for working on a documentary about the opposition leader

Semida Masika, the last patient being treated for Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is discharged from hospital. Photograph: Reuters

Ebola killed more than 2,200 at epicentre of devastating 18-month outbreak

A young boy jumps across a stream as some roads have flooded after recent rains in the Praia Nova neighbourhood in Beira, Mozambique on February 26th. During cyclone Idai in 2019 most parts of the neighbourhood were completely flooded. Photograph: Karel Prinsloo/UNCDF/AFP via Getty

Roughly half a million residents of Beira in Mozambique still suffering impact of storms

Migrants  are pictured during a rescue operation  off the coast of Libya in the Mediterranean Sea. Photograph: Hannah Wallace Bowman/MSF/Handout via Reuters

Many more are injured following blaze at facility dubbed the Libyan ‘Guantanamo’

Alpha Condé arrives at the African Union headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,  during a recent session of the Assembly of the African Heads of States. Photograph:  Michael Tewelde/AFP via Getty Images

President Alpha Condé, who described himself as the ‘Obama’ of Guinea, seeks to cement power

The Ugandan musician turned politician, Robert Kyagulanyi also known as Bobi Wine. Photograph: Reuters/Abubaker Lubowa

Dan Kyeyune was shot in the head; Ritah Nabukenya was run over

Ugandan climate activist Vanessa Nakate:  ‘It was very frustrating and hurtful for me to see that photo because a million questions came into my head . . . was I not fit to be in that photo?’ Photograph: Isaac Kasamani/AFP/Getty Images

Kampala Letter: Davos photo featuring Greta Thunberg had Ugandan activist cropped out

Togo president Faure Gnassingbé: Protests broke out in 2017 and 2018 when he moved to alter the country’s constitution and allow himself to run again. Photograph: Luc Gnago

Fifty-three years after father took control, Gnassingbé wins amid vote-rigging claims

South Sudan president Salva Kiir  giving a press conference  with his former vice-president  Riek Machar (right)  in the capital Juba. They  confirmed  they had agreed to a joint government. Photograph: Getty Images

UN commission report condemns human rights violations by both sides in the conflict

Ugandan activist and writer Stella Nyanzi speaks  outside the court in Kampala on Thursday after a judge overturned her conviction for cyber harassment of president Yoweri Museveni. Photograph: Sumy Sadurni/AFP via Getty Images

Activist Stella Nyanzi spent more than a year in jail for insulting Yoweri Museveni on Facebook

Climate conditions had created a situation that allowed an “unprecedented” number of locusts to gather, a spokeswoman for the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation said. Photograph: Feisal Omar/Reuters

Government training civilians to spray pesticides in hope of stopping locust spread

EU foreign affairs chief  Josep Borrell:  told journalists ships deployed under Operation EU Active Surveillance would be withdrawn if there was any evidence of them acting as a “pull factor” for migrants.  Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Mission will police Libyan arms embargo but try to avoid being a ‘pull factor’ for migrants

US secretary of state Mike Pompeo meets with Angolan foreign minister Manuel Domingos Augusto  in Luanda, Angola. Photograph: Andrew Caballero-Reynold/Pool via Reuters

US secretary of state’s trip to the continent is believed to be an attempt to counter Beijing ties

Staff and customers at an Ethiopian Airlines check-in desk at Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Addis Ababa is major hub for China but Ethiopian Airlines refuses to cancel flights

Volunteers prepare the Moonbird search and rescue plane for a mission across the central Mediterranean. Photograph:  Sally Hayden

Moonbird operated by Sea Watch, a German charity which also sails a rescue ship

Desert locusts in northern Kenya: small planes flying low over affected areas to spray pesticides. Photograph: Ben Curtis

Billions of locusts fly at 150km a day across Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and Uganda

Kenya’s former president Daniel arap Moi, the country’s longest-serving head of state, has died aged 95. Photograph: Sayyid Azim/AP Photo

Moi was initially popular but then presided over years of repression and corruption

A soldier from the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is seen in their military base outside Oicha in October, 2018. Photograph: John Wessels/AFP via Getty

Recent increase in attacks a response to a government offensive which began last year

Gambia’s president Adama Barrow addresses the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly at UN headquarters in New York in Spetmeber 2018.Photograph: File/ Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

Former security guard Adama Barrow first pledged to leave power after three year term

American singer Akon: has expanded his philanthropic efforts, setting up the Akoin Foundation “to empower young entrepreneurs first in Africa”. Photograph: Claude Paris

Akon’s city, run on renewable energy and using cryptocurrency, to be named after him

Aerial view of Gwoza, the town that became the headquarters of Boko Haram’s short-lived caliphate from 2014-2015. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Boko Haram group is known to use children, particularly kidnapped girls, as bombers

Commander of the self-styled Libyan National Army Khalifa Haftar meeting  Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov during their meeting in Moscow on Monday. Photograph: EPA/Russian ministry of foreign affairs

Gen Khalifa Haftar leaves peace talks in Moscow without signing ceasefire deal

A man leans over to talk to a friend being held in the Marsa centre in Malta. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Up to 1,400 asylum seekers are being held in the country’s two detention centres

 A Libyan man  holds up his Libyan passport on the deck of the Alan Kurdi rescue ship. Photograph: Sally Hayden

The end of a rescue ship’s ninth mission in the area underlines growing danger in Libya

Recovered bodies on the beach of Aghir in Tunisia’s southern island of Djerba from a boat carrying 86 migrants that capsized off the Tunisian coast while crossing the Mediterranean from Libya to Italy in July. Photograph: Anis Mili/AFP via Getty Images

Year in Review: The Mediterranean retained its place as the deadliest migration route in the world

A child being rescued from a wooden boat off the Libyan coast in the early hours of Friday, December 27th. Photograph: Sally Hayden

On Friday, the Alan Kurdi ship pulled 32 Libyans from a small boat in the Mediterranean

Leoluca Orlando, the mayor of Palermo,  Sicily, points at a Palermo flag he has gifted the Alan Kurdi rescue ship. ‘I think what happens in Libya is a shame for the Italian government, it’s a shame for the European Union, it’s a shame for all European states.’ Photograph: Sally Hayden

Politician who fought Mafia says Europe will face ‘second Nuremberg’ over migrant policy

People attend the inauguration of the Alan Kurdi rescue ship in Palma de Mallorca. File photograph: Jaime Reina/AFP via Getty Images

With a death toll of over 1,200 so far this year, this is the world’s deadliest migration route

Bujumbura International Airport: Sally Hayden’s flight was diverted there when a man locked himself in the bathroom,  claiming to have a bomb. Photograph: M Torres

Locals glad to play hero for once after trip from Addis Ababa to Rwanda takes worrying turn

Ethiopia’s prime minister and Nobel Peace Prize winner Abiy Ahmed:  recognised for bringing an end to conflict between Ethiopia and neighbouring Eritrea, along with domestic reforms. Photograph: Fredrik Varfjell/AFP

Abiy Ahmed accused of whitewashing crimes of neighbouring dictator Isaias Afwerki

Migrants sit on the floor at a detention centre in Libya’s Tajoura. Among those sheltering in the GDF are hundreds of survivors of the July Tajoura detention centre bombing, in which at least 53 refugees and migrants were killed. Photograph: Mahmud Turkia/AFP via Getty Images

Refugees left to fend for themselves as UN staff say food provision to stop within weeks

Army soldiers in the Cibitoke neighbourhood of Bujumbura: The Great Lakes country, which has a population of about 11.7 million, has been mired in political and human rights crisis since 2015. File photograph: Phil Moore/AFP

Rights-abusing ruling party’s youth wing blocking services to those not contributing

Akwero Beatrice, her sister Alaker and their children have been forced to leave their home, which is waist-deep in water. They are moving to a relative’s house but do not know how they will survive long term. Photograph: Sally Hayden

People in Elegu near South Sudan forced from their homes whiles businesses ruined

Somali boys wade through rainfall flood waters in Mogadishu. Photograph: Feisal Omar

Djibouti among worst hit as torrential rain wrecks infrastructure and leaves many dead

Nigeria’s  proposed social media Bill  has been described as draconian. Photograph:  Kola Sulaimon / AFP

New rules would criminalise insulting the government online with three years in jail

Lamin Ceesay and his wife, Fatou Dibba, who was accused of being a witch in 2009 and forced to drink a liquid that caused hallucinations. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Ten years after a wave of witch hunts in The Gambia, victims are speaking publicly

Sudanese women march in Khartoum to mark International Day for Eliminating Violence against Women, in the first such rally held in the northeast African country in decades, on November 25th, 2019. Photograph: Ashraf Shazly/AFP/Getty Images

Transitional authorities approve law to dissolve former ruling party of Omar al-Bashir

Barrister Eboseremen, prosecuting lawyer in homosexuality case against 47 men arrested last year, at the Federal High Court in Lagos, Nigeria. Photograph: Temilade Adelaja/Reuters

Amnesty calls for cases to be dropped as men face 10-year sentence under anti-gay laws

Crowds confront United Nations peackeepers in a UN compound on the outskirts of the eastern DR Congo town of Beni, in protest at massacres in the region. Photograph: Ushindi Mwendapeke Eliezaire/AFP via Getty Images)

Medical workers in lockdown as Beni protesters accuse peacekeepers of failing to protect them

Lee Gabay, a teacher for more than 20 years, runs a prisoner letter-writing project in New York’s Judith S Kaye High School. Photograph: Sally Hayden

New York Letter: Writing to prisoners has had a positive impact at a ‘last chance high school’

EU commissioner for international co-operation and development Neven Mimica: has announced a €10.3 million support package for the Rwandan evacuation programme. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet

EU project aims to back efforts in aiding 1,500 asylum seekers detained in Libya

Last month, applause and cheers filled the European Parliament chamber as MEPs found out a non-binding resolution, intended to address the treatment of migrants crossing the Mediterranean to Europe, had failed. File photograph: Italian Navy/AP Photo

October’s failed resolution missed the chance to address Libya’s migrant detention system

File picture shows  entrance of the University of Lagos. Photograph: Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP/Getty

BBC documentary sent undercover journalists into the universities of Lagos and Ghana

People walk through Balogun market in streets around Lagos Island. Lagos is the world’s 10th largest city with between 17 and 22 million people, although no-one seems to be counting. Photograph: Stefan Heunis/AFP/Getty

#StopRobbingUs campaign arose following arrest of developer for carrying laptop, iPhone

Recurring issue: a newspaper in Kampala carries a report on Eritrean footballers who disappeared from a hotel they were staying in the Council for East and Central Africa Football Associations in 2012. Photograph: Isaac Kasamani/AFP/Getty

Security at event in Uganda ‘beefed up’ after five members of under-20s team abscond

People gather at the scene of an attack on an Italian military convoy in Mogadishu on Tuesday. Photograph: Said Yusuf Warsame/EPA

US military Africa Command claims three killed were supporting Islamist operations

The first arrival of 66 refugees and asylum seekers from Libya at the Kigali international airport in  Rwanda. Photograph: Minema/AFP

New programme involves African Union and the United Nations refugee agency

Ugandan politician Robert Kyagulanyi, better known as pop star Bobi Wine is challengeing  long-standing president Yoweri Museveni’s power  in a byelection. Photograph: Biko Macoins/AFP/Getty

Tensions rise as both men back opposing candidates in election in west of country

Presidents Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria and Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana. A presidential election will take place in Ghana next year. Photograph:  Issouf Sanogo/AFP/Getty Images

Plot targeted at the presidency had ‘the ultimate aim of destabilising the country’

Soldiers close to offices of humanitarian group, Action Against Hunger in Maiduguri, Nigeria, September 19th. Photograph: Audu Marte/ AFP/Getty

Action Against Hunger accused by military of giving Islamic insurgents drugs and food

A Nigerian boy in a transit centre in Maiduguri, northeast Nigeria, shortly after he was released from military detention in 2017. His father remains locked up in Giwa Barracks. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Thousands of child suspects held in dangerous conditions as Boko Haram war continues

A migrant detention centre in Tripoli, Libya, in 2015.  Refugees and migrants who spoke to The Irish Times by phone were apprehensive about a move to Rwanda. Photograph: Tyler Hicks/The New York Times

Hundreds in detention centres expected to be transferred under deal partly funded by EU

Refugees and migrants at Zawiya detention centre, in the northwest of Libya, in early 2019.

Exploitation, extortion and murder allegedly took place in Libyan detention centre

Pope Francis arrived in Mozambique on Wednesday, and will then travel to Madagascar and Mauritius. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

Papal visit began in Mozambique, where he spoke about ‘fraternal reconciliation’

A Cameroonian policeman and a gendarme at a polling station in southwestern Cameroon, during last October’s presidential election. Insurgents have been fighting the West African country’s francophone government in a bid to carve out an independent state they hope will be named Ambazonia. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

Unicef says 80% of schools in English-speaking region have been shut down

Migrants and their belongings after July 2rd attack on a detention centre near Tripoli. Photograph: Ismail Zitouny

Air strike survivors fear being detained by Libyan authorities or kidnap by smugglers

Sally Hayden and Yosi in Luxembourg: Yosi (16) was told by authorities he was 25, perhaps to circumvent fact minors benefit from greater protection.

Luxembourg Letter: Europeans have little idea of abuses used to solidify EU borders

Popstar and opposition leader Bobi Wine speaks at a campaign event in Mpigi, Uganda.  Photograph: Sally Hayden.

Sally Hayden on the campaign trail with singer seeking to oust long-time leader Yoweri Museveni

A health team disinfects and decontaminates the home of  an Ebola patient who was admitted to a treatment centre the previous day in Ngongolio, Beni, North Kivu province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Photograph: EPA

Healthcare personnel hopeful deadly disease can be eradicated within six months

Trafficking survivors  interviewed by Human Rights Watch said they were detained and refused contact  with family when they returned to Nigeria. Photograph: Fati Abubakar /AFP/Getty Images

Traumatised women are being detained by authorities, says Human Rights Watch

Kenyans watch football in a bar in  Nairobi: the country’s sixth census involves shutting down bars so as to enumerate people. Photograph:   Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP

Government move to shut venues on day of football match draws electorate’s ire

Ugandan writer Siima Itabaaza referred to Bono as ‘our favourite white saviour’ at the conference. Photograph: AP/Pool/Juda Ngwenya

Kampala Letter: Activist group calls for end to white people being depicted as heroes in Africa

A migrant  being rescued at sea after diving from the Open Arms ship off the coast of Lampedusa, southern Italy. Photograph: EPA/Italian Coast Guard

Detainee says guards threaten to shoot if they try to bury corpses

A surveillance camera in Kampala:  some say such gadgets contradict the central tenets of democratic society. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Rights groups fear Huawei facial recognition devices part of sinister clampdown on dissent

African Development Bank president Akinwumi Adesina says Brexit is threatening Africa’s economic prospects in a way that’s “increasing by the day”. Photograph: Emmanuel Herman/Reuters

Students in landlocked African country seeking explanations for UK’s EU exit, lecturer says

The measles vaccine must be kept cold, making it hard to transport in DRC. File photograph: Lindsey Wasson/Reuters

More than 2,700, the majority children, die this year as vaccination coverage remains low

Omar al-Bashir: trial on corruption charges rather than  genocide  dismissed by many as a mere “sideshow”. Photograph: Ashraf Shazly/AFP

Amnesty says Bashir should be tried in ICC for crimes against humanity and genocide

More than one million people in Uganda contracted malaria  within the past two months

Unusually prolonged rains in June gave mosquitoes more time to breed

 A young woman reacts as a health worker injects her with the Ebola vaccine, in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo, on August 5th. Photograph:   Baz Ratner/Reuters

About 90% of those infected can survive if treated early, in boost to fight against outbreak

Unaccompanied minors, who have escaped Eritrea, chat in Shagarab refugee camp, eastern Sudan. Many of those crossing the border are girls trying to escape mandatory, indefinite military service. Photograph:  Sally Hayden

Indefinite national service is causing heartache and fuelling migration to Europe

Salah Estwani, 26, has received instructions from German authorities to go back to Syria. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Asylum seekers say parties use issue for political gain ‘and refugees always pay the price’

A Congolese health worker administers ebola vaccine to a child at the Himbi Health Centre in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Photograph: Reuters

Global community urged to do more to contain outbreak, which has killed 1,600 to date

Sudanese deputy chief of the ruling miliary council Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (R) and protest movement Alliance for Freedom and Changes leader Ahmad al-Rabiah shake hands after signing an agreement before African Union and Ethiopian mediators in Khartoum early on July 17th, 2019. Photograph: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP/Getty Images

Agreement dismissed as not fit for purpose by some pro-democracy protesters

Asasey Hotel  in Kismayo, Somalia:  26  people, including Somali-Canadian journalist Hodan Nalayeh and her husband Farid Jama, were killed there in an attack by Al Shabaab. Photograph: AP

Hodan Nalayeh was killed in terrorist attack in Kismayo after returning from Canada

Medhanie Tesfamariam Berhe during his trial in Sicily: now held in a deportation centre. Photograph: Andreas Solaro/AFP

Medhanie Tesfamariam Berhe acquitted of being a human trafficking kingpin

African Union Commission chairman Moussa Faki Mahamat  speaks at a joint press conference with UN secretary general António Guterres following the opening session of the African-Regional High Level Conference on counter-terrorism in Nairobi. Photograph: Tony Karumba/AFP/Getty Images

UN secretary general urges more support for Sahel countries dealing with jihadi groups

Majok Lam from South Sudan in Kakuma refugee camp, northwest Kenya, in October 2018: would like to return home with an education. Photograph: Sally Hayden

Conflict-fleeing refugees celebrate independence day far from home

A family member reacts during the burial of a victim of the Ebola virus  in Butembo,  Democratic Republic of the Congo. Photograph: John Wessels/AFP/Getty Images

Beni Letter: Those involved in burying victims of the disease face high degree of risk

Bosco Ntaganda, who maintained his innocence during his trial, faces a maximum life sentence following his convictions at the global court in The Hague File Photograph: Paul Herera/Reuters

Bosco Ntaganda convicted of 18 counts including murder, rape, sexual slavery

 Migrants sit outside the  detention centre in the Tajoura suburb of Tripoli, Libya, which was  hit by an air strike earlier this week.   Photograph: Reuters/Ismail Zitouny

Migrants claim fighters are storing weapons at Libyan detention centres

Debris covers the ground after an airstrike at a detention centre in Tajoura, east of Tripoli in Libya. Photograph: Hazem Ahmed/PA

‘After the first strike hit, we knocked the door to open it but the policemen refused’

Migrants carry the remains of their belongings from among rubble at Tajoura  detention centre in Tripoli on Wednesday, after it was hit by an air strike. Photograph: Ismail Zitouny/Reuters

Refugees and migrants call for evacuation after at least 40 killed in Tripoli attack

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