Yemen’s Houthi rebels begin withdrawal from key port
UN-brokered agreement is aimed at alleviating the world’s worst humanitarian crisis
A disabled Yemeni child, victim of the ongoing conflict, tries out a prosthetic limb at a rehabilitation center in Sana’a, Yemen on May 8th. Photograph: Yahya Arhab/EPA
Yemen’s Houthi rebels have begun a long-delayed withdrawal of their forces from the key port city of Hodeida in line with the terms of a ceasefire.
The UN-brokered agreement is aimed at alleviating the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.
Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, the head of the rebels’ Supreme Revolutionary Committee, said the pullout from Hodeida, as well as the two smaller ports of Salif and Ras Issa, started at 10am local time.
Sadek Dawad, a government negotiator, said that he welcomed the “first step of the first phase of redeployment” of rebel forces in the area.
He urged the UN to verify and watch the pullout. He also called for the removal of land mines laid by the Houthis.
The Houthi-run al-Masirah TV channel said UN observers are monitoring the forces’ withdrawal.
Hodeida is the main international entry point for 70 per cent of imports and humanitarian aid to Yemen, where the four-year civil war has killed an estimated 60,000 people and pushed much of the country to the brink of famine.
Nearly two thirds of Yemenis are in need of some sort of aid and 3 million are displaced. Thousands have died of malnutrition, preventable diseases and epidemics.
A ceasefire brokered by the UN in December in Sweden called for the mutual withdrawal of rebel and government forces from Hodeida, and the two smaller ports in the province.
The bloody conflict erupted in September 2014, when Shiite Houthi rebels swept into the capital city of Sanaa. A Saudi-led coalition rapidly intervened to back the government of President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi.
An official from the internationally recognised government said that the government will meet with the head of the UN operation monitoring the ceasefire, Michael Lollesgaard, later on Saturday.
Mr Lollesgaard said on Friday that the Houthis’ withdrawal from the three ports marked the first practical step toward realising the ceasefire.
He added that the Houthis must commit to following fully through with the redeployment, which is expected to take place over three days.
He said the full implementation of the Hodeida deal remains instrumental to ensuring life-saving humanitarian access into Yemen.
The UN-brokered deal was vague on who will control Hodeida’s strategic ports after the rebels withdraw, saying a “local force” would take over without specifying further.
The pullout was scheduled to take place two weeks after the ceasefire went into force on December 18. The deadline was missed as the government and the rebels haggled over the interpretation of the deal.
The agreement in Sweden also included a prisoner exchange between the two sides, which has yet to be carried out.–PA