Protesters withdraw after standoff at US embassy in Iraq

Hundreds demonstrate in Baghdad against American air strikes which killed at least 25

Thousands of protesters laid siege to the U.S. embassy in Baghdad, furious over American air strikes that targeted an Iranian-backed Iraqi militia unit. Video: Reuters

 

Supporters of Iranian-backed Iraqi paramilitary groups who stormed the US embassy’s perimeter in two days of protests withdrew on Wednesday after Washington dispatched extra troops and threatened reprisals against Tehran.

The demonstrators, angry at US air strikes against the Tehran-backed Kataib Hizbullah group that killed at least 25 people, threw stones at the building while US forces stationed on the rooftops fired tear gas to disperse them.

But by mid-afternoon, most appeared to have obeyed a call to withdraw, issued by the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) umbrella group of mainly Shia militia, which said the demonstrators’ message had been heard.

Young men used palm tree branches to sweep the street in front of the embassy compound, while others packed up equipment and vans arrived to take people away. Some left to set up a protest camp in front of a nearby hotel.

Iraq’s military said all protesters had left by the evening.

Protesters set ablaze a sentry box in front of the US embassy building in the Baghdad on Tuesday. Photograph: Getty
Protesters set ablaze a sentry box in front of the US embassy building in the Baghdad on Tuesday. Photograph: Getty

US president Donald Trump on Tuesday threatened to retaliate against Iran but said later he did not want war.

The unrest followed US air raids on Sunday against Kataib Hizbullah bases in retaliation for missile attacks that killed a US contractor in northern Iraq last week.

On Tuesday, crowds chanted “Death to America”, lit fires, and smashed surveillance cameras. They breached an outer perimeter of the embassy but did not enter the main compound.

The huge embassy, built along the banks of the Tigris river in central Baghdad’s fortified “green zone” during American occupation following the 2003 invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein, is the biggest US diplomatic mission in the world.

Washington said its diplomats were safe and was rushing hundreds of extra troops to the region.

The embassy said all public consular operations were suspended and all future appointments cancelled.

The anti-American action comes after months of protests in Iraq against the government and the Iran-backed militias which support it. Many Iraqis complain their country has become a battlefield for a proxy war for influence between Washington and Tehran, and their leaders are too beholden to outside powers.

Iraq’s government has long faced frictions in its close relations with the two foes. Mr Trump spoke to prime minister Adel Abdul Mahdi on Tuesday and demanded Iraq protect the embassy.

Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Wednesday condemned the US attacks. Iran summoned a Swiss envoy, who represents US interests in Tehran, to complain about what it described as “warmongering” words from Washington.

Mr Trump accused Iran of orchestrating the violence.

US officials said 750 extra troops would initially be based out of Kuwait and as many as 4,000 troops could be sent to the region in coming days.

More than 5,000 US troops are stationed in Iraq supporting local forces. The air strikes have galvanised calls inside Iraq to expel them.

Many in the crowd outside the embassy said ending Washington’s presence in Iraq was their main goal. – Reuters