Libya coast guard detains 113 migrants during lull in fighting
Human rights groups accuse armed groups, coast guard members of human trafficking involvement
The detained migrants were sent to detention centres such as this one in Tripoli. Photograph: Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters
The Libyan coast guard has stopped 113 migrants trying to reach Italy over the past two days, the United Nations said on Wednesday, as boat departures resume following a lull in fighting between rival forces in Libya.
The western Libyan coast is a major departure point for mainly African migrants fleeing conflict and poverty and trying to reach Italy across the Mediterranean Sea with the help of human traffickers.
Smuggling activity had slowed when forces loyal to military commander Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive to take the Libyan capital Tripoli, home to the internationally recognised government.
But clashes eased on Tuesday after a massive push by Gen Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) force with artillery failed to make inroads towards the centre. Shelling audible in central Tripoli was less on Wednesday than on previous days.
#Libya, it is remarkable to note that in spite of the war in Tripoli no boats with migrants & refugees are leaving. The militias known for their involvement in human trafficking are too busy fighting for their survival. Who let them operate before in total impunity?— vincent cochetel (@cochetel) April 25, 2019
The Libyan coast guard stopped two boats on Tuesday and one more on Wednesday carrying a total of 113 migrants and returned them to Zuwara and Khums, two western towns away from the Tripoli frontline, where they were put into detention centres, the UN migration agency IOM said.
These were the only reported boats since April 11th when 19 migrants were stopped by the coast guard and returned to Khums, according to IOM. The Libyan coast guard could not be immediately reached for comment on Wednesday.
Human rights groups have accused armed groups and members of the coast guard of being involved in human trafficking.
Last week Vincent Cochetel, special envoy of the UN refugee agency UNHCR for the situation in the central Mediterranean, tweeted: “It is remarkable to note that in spite of the war in Tripoli no boats with migrants & refugees are leaving. The militias known for their involvement in human trafficking are too busy fighting for their survival.”
Officials have been accused in the past of mistreating detainees, who are being held in their thousands as part of European-backed efforts to curb smuggling.
According to one UN report last December, migrants and refugees in Libya suffer a “terrible litany of violations” including unlawful killings, torture, gang rape and slavery by a combination of state officials, armed groups and traffickers.
Human rights groups have also accused the European Union of complicity in the abuse as Italy and France have provided boats for the coast guard to step up patrols. That move has helped to reduce migrant departures. – Reuters