Number of asylum claims reaches 10-year high
Most of 3,500 asylum seekers in 2018 were from Georgia, then Albania and Syria
Some Department of Justice sources said trends around asylum seeking had always fluctuated. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw
The number of asylum claims made in the Republic increased significantly in 2018 and is on course to exceed 3,500 for the first time in a decade.
The latest figures show that up to the end of November, 3,324 foreign nationals had claimed asylum in the Republic since the start of the year.
That compares with 2,619 in the same period of 2017, an increase of 27 per cent. Numbers have more than trebled in the past five years following year-on-year declines for 11 years.
In 2017 more people from Syria claimed asylum in the Republic than any other nationality, some 449 Syrians doing so that year. However, while Syria remains a highly volatile war zone, more people from Georgia claimed asylum in Ireland in the first 11 months of 2018 than Syrians.
After the 409 Georgian nationals, there were 383 Albanians and then came Syrians, some 326 of whom had claimed asylum in the Republic to the end of November.
When the figures for December are available, justice officials said the number of asylum claims will exceed 3,500; the highest level since 2008.
Some Department of Justice and Garda sources said trends around asylum seeking had always fluctuated. They believed it was too early to say whether rising asylum claims in recent years would continue at the same rate, accelerate further or perhaps fall back.
Other justice sources were more concerned, saying the increase in claims was coming at a time of growing pressure to end the housing of asylum seekers in direct provision centres. At the same time, the sources said, the continued housing crisis meant other accommodation options were limited.
What is clear from the figures is that the years of falling asylum-seeker numbers in the Republic are over and the increases first noticed in 2014 have continued, though they are still relatively modest.
In 1993, some 91 foreign nationals claimed asylum in the Republic, increasing to a peak of 11,634 in 2002, after which numbers sharply declined.
Around that time, the State decided to challenge what was then effectively the automatic right of asylum seekers to stay in Ireland if they had an Irish-born child.
The State initially took its challenge to the courts, seeking to deport non-EU failed asylum seekers who had Irish-born children. New procedures that resulted in asylum seekers being housed in direct provision centres, rather than in rental properties, were also introduced.
The number of new asylum claims halved from the peak of 2012 during the following two years. Numbers remained stable at just below or above 4,000 new asylum claims a year between 2004 and 2008.
From 2009, numbers declined further, dropping to below 1,000 in 2012 and 2013. However, in 2015 there was a surge, back up to almost 3,300. Investigations by the Garda established the majority of those claims were linked to an organised immigration and marriages of convenience scam.
This involved young Asian men coming to Ireland and claiming asylum so they could enter into sham marriages with Eastern European women they had never met before. Once married, they had secured the right to live and work in Ireland.