Dublin studio flats 27% smaller than current limit get go-ahead

Alan Kelly announces guidelines, adds he won’t stand for ‘shoe-box living’ of the past

Studio apartments which are 27 per cent smaller than the minimum apartment size currently permitted in Dublin can be built under new under orders issued by the Department of the Environment.

The apartments, with combined living and sleeping areas – currently prohibited under the city’s planning rules – could account for half of new build-to-rent complexes in Dublin.

At 40 sq m, they would be just 2 sq m larger than the smallest apartments built in Dublin in the mid-1990s.

Major boost

In what will be seen as a major boost to developers, the Planning Guidelines on Design Standards for New Apartments, which local authorities must implement, reduce the minimum size of all types of apartments which can be built in the city.


The Dublin City Development Plan sets the minimum size of one-bed apartments at 55 sq m, two-bed apartments at 90 sq m and three-bed apartments at 100 sq m. In addition to the introduction of the studio, the new standards – which take effect immediately – set one-bed apartments at 45 sq m, two-bed apartments at 73 sq m and three-bed apartments at 90 sq m.

The current city development plan expires next year and the council is in the process of drafting a new plan to last up to 2022.

It proposed maintaining its current size standards for one, two and three bed apartments, but introducing studios at 45 sq m, within strict limits.

These studios could only be permitted in schemes of more than 100 apartments that have communal facilities such as common rooms and gyms, and could account for just 7.5 per cent of the apartments in the complex.

For renters

They must be for renters, not owner-occupiers, and must be in single ownership for at least 20 years, during which time they cannot be sold off piecemeal.

In contrast, the new orders will allow developers to have up to 50 per cent studios in a development as long as it contains 50 apartments and is “within walking distance of centres of employment or on or immediately adjoining major employment sites”.

The studios could be included in “certain specific circumstances, such as part of new ‘build-to-let’ managed accommodation”. Communal facilities should “not generally be imposed as requirements by the planning authority” unless the developer proposed them or agreed them with the council.

The guidelines also reduce the number of “dual aspect” apartments required in a scheme.

Currently, 85 per cent of Dublin city apartments must have windows on two sides. The council is proposing in the next development plan to cut this to 50 per cent.

‘Absolute minimum’

The department said this may be further reduced to an “absolute minimum” of one third of apartments.

The department’s orders “will take precedence over policies and objectives of development plans, local area plans or strategic development zone planning schemes and will apply to all housing developments, whether public or private”.

Announcing the guidelines, Minister for the Environment Alan Kelly said there had been an "upward spiral" of planning requirements by "some" local authorities, but added: "I will not stand for shoe-box living that was the hallmark of the Fianna Fáil governments of the past."

Olivia Kelly

Olivia Kelly

Olivia Kelly is Dublin Editor of The Irish Times