Feeder schools: Six take-aways from this year’s figures
Grind schools may be drawing students away from some fee-paying secondary schools
The data reveals Ireland’s exceptionally high third-level participation rate, which is among the highest in the world. File photograph: iStock
The Irish Times 2019 Feeder School list, published today, provides new insights into the education pathways taken by thousands of Leaving Cert students who left secondary school this year.Here are some of the key points from this year’s data:
1. Most students are staying local
Irish young people are tending to apply for third-level places in their local colleges. Most Irish school-leavers want to attend colleges where they can continue to socialise with their peer group.
But there is a growing economic factor too: living away from home adds hugely to the cost of attending college.
There are significantly lower progression rates in areas without a large third-level institution on their doorstep. For example, third level progression rates in in Cavan (69 per cent) and Longford (66 per cent) lag well behind Galway (82 per cent), home to NUI Galway and GMIT.
2. A gaping social divide
There remain stark differences in college participation based on social class.
The most affluent parts of the capital such as Dublin 2, Dublin 6 and Dublin 4 saw 90-100 per cent of pupils progress to college.
By contrast, in more deprived areas of the city such as Dublin 17, the proportion of Leaving Cert students going to college was just 15 per cent.
The divide is also stark when the figures are broken down into higher points courses (defined, in this case, as programmes in universities, colleges of education, the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) or the Technological University Dublin).
Some 88 per cent of school-leavers in Dublin 6 went on to one of these institutions, compared with 15 per cent in Dublin 17.
3. Exceptionally high college-going rate
The data reveals Ireland’s exceptionally high third-level participation rate, which is among the highest in the world.
It is difficult to say how many students are progressing to further education or apprenticeships; we have consistently requested this data, but education authorities have not yet released it.
4. Are grind schools drawing students away from prestigious
While pupil numbers at second level are growing overall, our figures show that numbers sitting the Leaving Cert in more than one-third of fee-paying schools dropped this year.
Why? Two reasons come to mind.
Firstly, the country was still in the teeth of the recession when this year’s cohort of Leaving Cert students started secondary school in 2013. The downturn hit family income and enrolment numbers for private schools at the time.
Secondly, the presence of full-time grind schools in our major cities offering a two-year Leaving Cert programme seems to be drawing better-off families to these institutions for fifth and sixth year.
5. Some disadvantaged schools are performing extremely well
Schools designated as disadvantaged – or Deis – receive extra resources to help overcome education deficits.
Overall, our figures show about 57 per cent of pupils in these 191 schools go on to higher education. These rates have not shifted much since 2013.
However, when we break down the figures to see which are the most improved individual schools over recent years, a great deal of them are in the Deis category. For example, Adamstown Vocational Colleges in Enniscorthy, Co Wexford, a Deis school, has seen its third-level progression rates jump almost 50 per cent in the past six years.
6. Falling numbers boost some school progression rates artificially
One in 10 schools saw more of their students start a college course in 2019 than sat the Leaving Cert in that school in June this year. How is this possible?
Students who defer taking up a course for a year are categorised as having sat the Leaving Cert in the year they took up their third-level course.
In addition, many pupils who go to grind schools are often still categorised as belonging to their original school.
As progression rates are calculated by dividing the number of pupils going to college this year by the number who sat the exam, a lower number of Leaving Cert students in 2019 can artificially boost the percentage of pupils progressing to third level. This is why school progression rates for a single year should be taken with a pinch of salt; trends are more significant.