Spending by singles plummets 30% after retirement, study finds
Pattern of decline among single male retirees may point to social isolation, research finds
Single male retirees spend significantly less on leisure, holidays and meals outside the home, the ESRI study found. Photograph: Getty
Spending by single retirees declines considerably more than spending by retirees belonging to two-adult households where the second adult is not working, new research by the Economic and Social Research Institute has found.
Overall spending drops 13 per cent in retirement in two-adult households where the other, non-retiring adult is not working, while there is no significant effect in two-adult households where the other adult is working.
But spending by single retirees plummets by about 30 per cent due to lower spending on meals outside the home, leisure and holidays.
The ESRI’s analysis also points to gender differences, with declines in leisure and holiday spending only apparent among single male retirees. These two categories alone account for almost two-thirds of the overall reduction in spending among male retirees.
While all household types experience lower spending on meals outside the home, expenditure on food consumed at home is unaffected, they found.
Retired households appear to maintain their overall food consumption by devoting a greater percentage of income to home food consumption.
The study used data from the Irish Household Budget Survey to examine spending changes in retirement, examining the spending patterns of working individuals aged 55-64 and then comparing this with the spending of individuals aged 65-74 who have transitioned from work to retirement.
The authors said the research highlighted that certain groups of retirees may experience significant changes to their spending patterns.
“Some of this spending, such as meals outside the home and clothing, may be attributable to a reduction in work-related expenses and therefore is not cause for concern,” they wrote.
“However, single male retirees spend significantly less on leisure, holidays and meals outside the home when they retire. This may be of concern, as it appears consistent with a separate strand of literature showing men are particularly at risk of social isolation in retirement.”
The study concludes that policies to maintain social support and encourage social participation in retirement could help mitigate these effects, as could programmes that better prepare retirees for the transition from employment to retirement.
The ESRI notes that it is a policy priority of the Government’s 2018 roadmap for pension reform to ensure that people can maintain a reasonable standard of living in retirement. However, there is “a significant amount of evidence” showing that spending often declines when people retire.