US investment bank JPMorgan said on Wednesday the chances of Britain calling off its divorce from the European Union had increased after a string of humiliating parliamentary defeats for prime minister Theresa May cast new doubt over her plan to quit the union and sent sterling higher.
The UK's pro-Brexit trade minister Liam Fox also said it was now possible that Brexit would not happen. There was a real danger that parliament would try to "steal" Brexit from the British people, Mr Fox told a parliamentary committee on Wednesday.
In one of the biggest shifts in perceptions since the shock 2016 vote to exit the EU, JPMorgan raised the probability of Britain ultimately staying in to 40 per cent from 20 per cent.
Ever since the referendum, investors have speculated that the UK’s biggest economic and political shift since the second World War could ultimately be thwarted, though it was unclear what the mechanism might be.
"The UK now appears to have the option of revoking unilaterally and taking a period of time of its own choosing to decide what happens next," JPMorgan economist Malcolm Barr wrote in a note to clients.
He placed a 10 per cent probability on a no-deal Brexit, down from 20 per cent, and a 50 per cent probability on an orderly Brexit, down from 60 per cent.
On Tuesday, just hours before the start of a five-day debate in the British parliament on Mrs May’s Brexit deal, an adviser to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) said Britain could pull back its formal divorce notice without needing the agreement of the other 27 members.
While it is a non-binding opinion and the ECJ is still to rule, the opinion from advocate general Manuel Campos Sanchez-Bordona also upped the chances of Brexit not happening as planned on March 29th.
Sterling, which has see-sawed on Brexit news since the referendum, touched a 17-month low on Tuesday but recouped much of its overnight losses on Wednesday as optimism grew that Britain may not leave the EU without a deal in place.
In the June 23rd, 2016 referendum, 17.4 million voters, or 52 per cent, backed Brexit while 16.1 million, or 48 per cent , backed staying in the union. In the North, a majority voted to remain.
To leave the EU on the terms Mrs May has negotiated, she needs parliament to approve her deal. Yet that looks unlikely.
In significant defeats on Tuesday, her government was found in contempt of parliament and then a group of her own Conservative Party MPs won a challenge to hand more power to the House of Commons if her deal is voted down. A final vote is due on December 11th.
If May loses, the future of the world’s fifth-largest economy is uncertain. She has warned Britain could leave without a deal or that there could be no Brexit at all.
JPMorgan said a second referendum appeared more likely than a general election as the route to thwarting Brexit.
Supporters of Brexit have said that if Brexit is reversed, the UK will be thrust into a constitutional crisis as what they say the financial and political elite will have thwarted the democratic will of the people.
But many business chiefs and investors fear a chaotic Brexit that they say would weaken the West, spook financial markets and silt up the arteries of trade. – Reuters