Lebanon’s debt talks to start soon after default
Prime minister calls for fair restructuring negotiations on foreign currency liability
Lebanon will default on $1.2bn in foreign currency debts coming due on Monday, a decision that will appease protesters who have called for the government to prioritise domestic concerns. File photograph: New York Times
Negotiations to restructure Lebanon’s foreign currency debt should not last more than nine months if well intentioned, the economy minister told a local broadcaster, as the country headed for its first sovereign default.
Face-to-face negotiations between Lebanon and bond holders are expected to begin in about two weeks, according to a source.
Lebanon is grappling with a financial crisis and said on Saturday it could not pay forthcoming maturities – the first of which is a $1.2 billion bond due on Monday. Prime minister Hassan Diab called for fair restructuring negotiations.
The default will mark a new phase in a crisis that has hammered the economy since October, slicing about 40 per cent off the value of the currency, denying savers free access to their deposits and fuelling unemployment and unrest.
The financial crisis is seen as the biggest risk to Lebanon’s stability since the end of the 1975-’90 civil war.
Mr Diab, in a televised address to the nation on Saturday, said foreign currency reserves had hit a “critical and dangerous” level and were needed for basic imports. Lebanon had therefore suspended the March payment.
One of the main parties that backs the government, the Free Patriotic Movement founded by President Michel Aoun, said the decision had “opened the door for negotiations with lenders to reduce the size of the public debt and all of its servicing and to schedule it in a way that suits the state’s capacity to pay”.
The financial crisis came to a head last year as capital inflows slowed and protests erupted over decades of state corruption and bad governance.
“The negotiation process will last for months and if we have good intentions will not go on for more than nine months,” Raoul Nehme, the economy minister, told broadcaster al-Jadeed in comments published on its website overnight.
He said the government is now waiting for the position of the Eurobond holders and that he expected them to adopt “positive” positions.
Referring to the possibility of Lebanon being sued abroad, he said creditors may bring legal cases against the central bank but would not win.
The Middle Eastern state has some $31 billion in dollar bonds that sources say the state wants to restructure. Lebanon’s public debt has reached about 170 per cent of gross domestic product, meaning the country is close to being the world’s most heavily indebted state, said Mr Diab.
Lebanon’s banks, big holders of the debt, are ready to talk with foreign creditors as the government seeks to restructure, accroding to informed sources on Saturday.
There was no timetable yet for any restructuring and the discussions with foreign creditors are likely to start slowly, they added. The Lebanese banking association has appointed Houlihan Lokey as financial adviser to help with the process.
There has been no sign of a bailout from foreign states that aided Lebanon in the past. Western governments insist Beirut first enact long-delayed changes to tackle waste and corruption.
Many analysts believe the only way for Lebanon to secure financial support would be through an International Monetary Fund programme. But this is opposed by the powerful, Iran-backed group Hizbullah, which has said the conditions the fund would seek to impose would cause a “popular revolution”.
Lebanon has however sought the fund’s technical assistance. – Reuters