Earthquake kills more than 450 in Iran-Iraq border region

Magnitude 7.3 earthquake about 200km northeast of Baghdad injures over 6,000

A strong earthquake along the border of Iraq and Iran has caused numerous deaths after it hit the region on Sunday (November 12).

 

Iranians dug through rubble in a frantic search for survivors on Monday after a powerful earthquake struck near the Iraqi border, killing more than 450 people and injuring thousands of others, officials said.

The epicentre of the earthquake, which struck on Sunday evening, was near Ezgeleh, Iran, about 220km northeast of Baghdad, and had a preliminary magnitude of 7.3, according to the US Geological Survey. Seismologists in the country said it was the biggest quake to hit the western part of Iran.

Photographs from the region – a patchwork of farms and home to many Kurds, a large ethnic minority in Iran – posted on the internet showed collapsed buildings, cars destroyed by rubble and people sleeping in the streets in fear of aftershocks.

At least 450 people were killed and nearly 6,000 people in Iran were injured, according to officials and news agencies, and hundreds of people waited in line to donate blood in Tehran in response to a call from the government.

At least eight people were killed on the Iraqi side of the border, according to Dr Saif al-Badir, a spokesman for the health ministry, and at least 535 were hurt.

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s supreme leader, delivered a message of condolence on Monday, urging rescue workers to keep searching for survivors. “The officials should hasten in these first hours with all their might and determination to help the injured, especially those trapped under the rubble,” his office reported.

By evening, however, state news media reported that rescue operations have ended in areas hit by the quake.

Particularly hard hit was Pol-e Zahab, a city in the western Iranian province of Kermanshah, according to the semi-official Iranian Students News Agency..

The authorities said that at least 236 people had died in the city, which has a population of 30,000, and the main hospital was believed to be at least partly running.

“My friend was screaming, saying, ‘I lost my home,’” one resident wrote on Twitter. “Thank God, she and her family are doing well. She said people were only mourning, and their loved ones were under the rubble.”

Farhad Tarji, a member of parliament for Pol-e Zahab, told the semi-official news agency ILNA that his family had been hit hard by the quake. “I’ve lost 15 people,” he said.

‘No help yet’

The Iranian government newspaper posted a video on its website in which a resident of Sarpol-e Zahab complained that no help had come. “There has been no help yet, neither food nor water, no clothing, no tents, there is nothing,” the resident, a man who appeared to be in his 30s, said while standing in a street with collapsed buildings.

“There are no facilities yet. We’ve slept outside since last night. This is the condition of our homes. Our electricity, water, gas, phone lines are out, everything is completely out, the whole city has been destroyed, it is wrecked.”

An image posted on social media showed soldiers searching through the rubble at night without flashlights or torches, using their mobile phones for light.

Officials from the health ministry travelled to the area, as did the commander in chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, Brig Gen Mohammed Ali Jafari, but foreign reporters were not allowed to visit the scene, in a change from previous disasters.

A wounded boy is treated following an earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab county in Kermanshah, Iran. Photograph: Tasnim News Agency
A wounded boy is treated following an earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab county in Kermanshah, Iran. Photograph: Tasnim News Agency

The Iranian Red Crescent used rescue dogs to search for survivors, as it has since an earthquake in the southern city of Bam in 2003 that killed more than 20,000 people. The country’s religious leaders regard dogs as unclean, but the use of guard and rescue dogs is accepted.

Criticism of buildings

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who was president of Iran from 2005 to 2013, introduced a programme to build low-income housing, including in Pol-e Zahab. After the quake on Sunday, his political opponents said that many of the buildings had been poorly constructed, but his defenders said that the buildings were on fault lines, and that nothing could have been done.

Initial reports from the Kurdish region of Iraq indicated less damage and fewer deaths on that side of the border. In Sulaimaniya, the second-largest city in Iraq’s Kurdish region, residents described feeling heavy tremors but said there was no notable building damage. Residents in the oil-rich town of Kirkuk, roughly 80km to the west, reported similar damage.

A victim receives treatment at a hospital following a 7.3-magnitude earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab in Iran’s western province of Kermanshah. Photograph: Farzad Menati/AFP/Getty Images
A victim receives treatment at a hospital following a 7.3-magnitude earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab in Iran’s western province of Kermanshah. Photograph: Farzad Menati/AFP/Getty Images

The earthquake was felt as far as the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Shia pilgrims in the Iraqi city of Karbala, for the annual religious commemoration of Arba’een, posted videos of people gathering on the streets after the earthquake.

Iran lies on dozens of fault lines and is prone to quakes. In 2012, a double earthquake in the north of the country killed 300 people. When residents learned of the government’s lacklustre relief efforts, some started organising aid groups themselves. After that quake, the United States, which does not maintain normal diplomatic relations with Iran, sent several planeloads of aid. – New York Times