Prime minister Imran Khan has said that Pakistan would retaliate if India attacked in response to last week's bombing in the disputed Kashmir region, which India blamed on its neighbour.
Mr Khan said on Tuesday that he wanted to co-operate in investigating the suicide bombing last Thursday, in which 40 Indian paramilitary police were killed in an attack claimed by the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) militant group.
Tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbours have risen sharply over the attack in the Indian-controlled part of the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
Pakistani authorities have denied any involvement in the attack and called for United Nations intervention.
But Indian prime minister Narendra Modi, facing a general election by May, has come under pressure to exact revenge, and has said he has given his security forces a free hand to administer a "strong response".
Mr Khan, in a televised address to the nation, noted the calls in India for revenge and said he hoped “better sense will prevail . . .
“If you think that you will launch any kind of attack on Pakistan, Pakistan will not just think about retaliation, Pakistan will retaliate. And after that where will it head?”
The South Asian neighbours have fought three wars since independence from Britain in 1947, two of them over Kashmir.
While they have not waged full-scale war since they both tested nuclear weapons in 1998, they have engaged in countless skirmishes along their de facto boundary in the mountains of Kashmir.
Mr Khan reiterated that Pakistan had nothing to do with the bomb attack and said it was ready to take action against anyone found to be behind it. “If you have any actionable intelligence that Pakistanis are involved, give that to us, I guarantee you that we will take action,” Mr Khan said.
India's foreign ministry spurned the offer, saying Islamabad had failed to act on proof given to it about previous attacks.
It said there had been no progress in the Pakistani investigation into the 2008 attacks in Mumbai blamed on another Pakistani Islamist militant group.
“Promises of ‘guaranteed action’ ring hollow given the track record of Pakistan,” the ministry said in a statement.
Pakistan’s military has a long record of nurturing militants as proxies in pursuit of foreign policy objectives, and India has for years accused Islamabad of supporting jihadists waging a nearly 30-year revolt in its only Muslim-majority state.
Pakistan has long said it only provides moral and diplomatic support to the Kashmiri people in their struggle for self-determination, though that has never dispelled India’s conviction of Pakistani support for militants.
Mr Khan said his country had changed. “I am telling you clearly that this is new Pakistan. This is a new mind set, this is new thinking,” he said.
Indian security forces intensified a crackdown in response to the deadliest attack on security forces in three decades of insurgency.
Lieut-Gen KJS Dhillon, India’s top military commander in Kashmir, accused Pakistan’s main Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) spy agency of “controlling” those behind the Thursday bombing and warned of retribution.
"I would request all the mothers in Kashmir to please request their sons who have joined terrorism to surrender and get back to the mainstream," Lieut-Gen Dhillon told reporters in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir state.
“Otherwise anyone who has picked up the gun will be killed.”
Thursday’s bombing was carried out by a 20-year-old man from a village in Indian Kashmir. His parents said he had joined a militant group after being beaten by Indian troops in 2016.
Lieut-Gen Dhillon did not provide any proof for his accusation that Pakistan’s military intelligence agency was behind the blast, only pointing to what he said were its close links with the JeM.
The bomb attack has caused outrage in India with calls for revenge circulating on social media, and rising animosity towards Kashmiri Muslims in other parts of the Hindu-majority country, to the alarm of rights groups.
Earlier on Tuesday, Pakistan appealed to the United Nations to intervene, in light of deteriorating security.
"Attributing it to Pakistan even before investigations is absurd," Pakistani foreign minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said in a letter to the UN secretary general Antonio Guterres seeking UN involvement to lower tension.
“It is with a sense of urgency that I draw your attention to the deteriorating security situation in our region resulting from the threat of use of force against Pakistan by India.”
The United States had told India it supported its right to defend itself against cross-border attacks, India said.– Reuters