Irish public and scientists disagree on climate change, vaccines and God
Only 68% of the public agree ‘climate change is mostly due to human activity’
Winning formula: Reed (5) Barry and Alexa (2) Barry scrutinise some samples in Cork as part of Science Week Ireland. Photograph: Clare Keogh
Major differences between the Irish public and Irish scientists on the cause of climate change, the safety of vaccinations and the origins of the universe are highlighted in a survey of attitudes to science.
Only 68 per cent of the public agree “climate change is mostly due to human activity”, while 92 per cent of scientists agree with that view.
Asked if the Earth is getting warmer as a result of climate change, 69 per cent of the public agree compared to 92 per cent of scientists, according to the Amárach Research poll.
On other topics, only 64 per cent of the Irish public agree or strongly agree that “vaccinations are an acceptable form of preventative medical treatment”. In contrast, 85 per cent of scientists agree with their benefits.
On evolution and “the Big Bang”, 88 per cent of scientists and 44 per cent of the public believe the universe “was created by a big explosion almost 14 billion years ago”, while 73 per cent of scientists and 33 per cent of the public disagreed with the proposition that “humans evolved over time guided by a supreme being”.
It was conducted with 1,000 adults and 238 scientists – based on a research format applied elsewhere by the non-partisan think tank the Pew Research Centre.
On the issue of “broad agreement within the science community about the causes of climate change”, only 56 per cent of the public agree this is the case; the equivalent figure among scientists is 89 per cent.
Some 72 per cent of the public agree “wind turbines are an acceptable form of energy” while 91 per cent of scientists agree with the benefits of this renewable energy source.
The issue of genetically modified foods also marked a big difference in attitudes between public and the scientific community: only 22 per cent of the public agree it is safe to eat GM foods, while 62 per cent of scientists agree they are safe.
Significantly, however, 43 per cent of the public believe GM foods are unsafe; a view held by 14 per cent of scientists – while the benefits of GM foods are disputed, there is no widely accepted scientific view that they are unsafe to consume.
There was widespread acceptance that the growing world population would put a strain on natural resources – 76 per cent of the public agree and 92 per cent of scientists. Close to 50 per cent of the population and 65 per cent of scientists disagree that “the planet’s resources will sufficiently be able to deal with a growing population”.
Food and pesticides
Other notable findings include:
- 54 per cent of the public and 33 per cent of scientists believe it’s unsafe to eat foods with pesticides;
- While 90 per cent of Irish scientists support the bioengineering of artificial organs for use in human transplantation, only 56 per cent of the public favour such technology;
- 62 per cent of the public agree or strongly agree there is not enough science education in schools; the equivalent figure among scientists is 74 per cent; and
- 64 per cent of the public agree science has had a positive impact on people’s lives in Ireland, compared to 89 per cent of scientists.
While there were large majorities agreeing on the benefits of science’s positive impact on healthcare, food, the environment, education and quality of life, significantly fewer members of the public and scientists agree it has brought benefits in transport and family life.
However the survey shows up a lack of awareness of science – 69 per cent of the public did not know of any Irish scientists, past or present, and 72 per cent of the public could not name any Irish scientific achievements.
SFI director of strategy and communications Dr Ruth Freeman said Science Week, taking place up to November 19th, was “a brilliant opportunity to explore the world of science and technology that surrounds us all, to understand more about how it is playing an increasing role in our lives and to learn about Ireland’s brilliant science heritage as well as discoveries being made in Ireland every day”.
People are being encouraged to ask their questions on social media, “whether it’s: ‘why do I experience fear?’, ‘how can I kick the perfect penalty?’ or even ‘is there any truth to the sunny southeast?’” The aim of the #StopAndAsk campaign was to enable people to make sense of the world around them and to facilitate conversations between the general public and the scientific community in Ireland, Dr Freeman said.