Exxon Mobil posts first loss in 32 years as Chevron sees tough times ahead
Asset sales help second largest US major to deliver a rare profit for the sector
Exxon Mobil posted its first quarterly loss in at least 32 years of Friday and rival Chevron warned of a “very tough” second quarter. Photograph: Angus Mordant/Reuters
Exxon Mobil joined a parade of oil companies posting downbeat results on plunging oil demand and collapsing prices, reporting a $610 million (€554 million) first-quarter loss after a nearly $3 billion (€2.7 billion) inventory writedown.
And rival Chevron slashed its capital spending plans by another $2 billion (€1.8 billion) as the coronavirus pandemic guts demand for oil and gas, even as asset sales helped it deliver a year-over-year 38 per cent increase in profits.
Global fuel demand has tumbled by a third on coronavirus-related lockdowns and business shutdowns. Oil giants largely have reported losses on weaker margins and writedowns from an oil glut that has sent prices to historic lows.
All of Exxon’s businesses posted lower profits or wider losses except for chemicals, where low oil and gas prices lifted earnings.
“Covid-19 has significantly impacted near-term demand, resulting in oversupplied markets and unprecedented pressure on commodity prices and margins,” said Exxon chief executive Darren Woods.
Exxon has cut this year’s project spending by $10 billion (€9 billion) and expects to reduce oil and gas output by 400,000 barrel per day in line with rivals. Exxon posted a loss of $610 million (€554 million), or 14 cents per share, in the quarter, compared with a profit of $2.35 billion (€2.14 billion), or 55 cents per share, a year earlier.
Earnings at Chevron beat Wall Street expectations and were $3.6 billion (€3.2 billion) in the first quarter, up from $2.6 billion (€2.3 billion) during the same period last year and boosted by $1.6 billion (€1.4 billion) in asset sales in the Philippines and Azerbaijan.
The second-largest oil producer in the United States cut its spending budget to $14 billion (€12.7 billion), down from the $20 billion (€18.1 billion) it had planned before the oil price crash. Its 30 per cent total planned spending cut matches that of Exxon Mobil. The cuts are “across the board”, said chief financial officer Pierre Breber.
Oil and gas output rose to 3.24 million barrels per day (bpd), an increase of more than 6 per cent.
Chevron and Exxon had been racing prior to the coronavirus crisis to each reach 1 million barrels per day of production in the Permian basin, but both have slashed spending there.
Chevron has sidelined 10 drilling rigs since early March and Exxon has cut 11 in the field since, according to data from research firm Enverus. – Reuters