New mortgage lending increased to nearly €9bn last year
Central Bank figures record biggest jump since 2009, but total remains low by historical standards
Fixed-rate mortgages increased over the fourth quarter of last year, with new drawdowns exceeding repayments by €1.8bn
New mortgage lending in the Republic rose by €1 billion to nearly €9 billion last year, according to the Central Bank. This was the largest annual increase since 2009.
However, the annual total remains low by historical standards. Prior to the crash, new mortgage lending hit nearly €40 billion.
The latest figures show net lending for principal dwelling houses and buy-to-lets continued to diverge.
Lending for owner-occupier homes increased for the 11th consecutive quarter, with a positive net flow of €1.1 billion over the quarter, representing the largest quarterly increase in lending to that cohort since the series began. Conversely, lending for residential property investment declined by €661 million over the quarter.
Interest-only buy-to-let mortgages shot up at the height of the boom and became a major arrears issue after the economy fell into recession.
Fixed-rate mortgages also increased over the fourth quarter, with new drawdowns exceeding repayments by €1.8 billion.
The figures show household deposits grew by €4.1 billion, or 4.3 per cent, to just over €104 billion in 2018. This was also the largest annual increase since early 2008.
“I think what the figures tell you is that mortgage lending has picked up but is still very low by historical standards,” said Cantor Fitzgerald economist Alan McQuaid.
Strict lending rules
“It is not clear whether this is a supply or a demand issue, but the strict lending rules imposed by the Central Bank and the fact that ‘ordinary’ individuals and couples trying to buy a house are being priced out of the market by cash investors suggests that demand is probably muted.
“This is unlikely to change until more housing supply comes on to the market. However, banks are being restrained too by the tighter regulations imposed on them by the authorities.”
Mr McQuaid also noted that deposits remained at record high levels despite the ultra-low interest rates.
“This suggests that consumers/households remain cautious and don’t want to be over-exposed in the case of another serious economic downturn like the global financial crisis. Uncertainty over Brexit is probably also a factor here.
“But at the end of the day credit will need to flow at a much stronger level than currently if the economy is to continue to grow strongly over the long-run in a post-Brexit environment, and the housing crisis is to be seriously addressed.”