A sit-down protest outside Catalan government headquarters after a weekend of unrest. Photograph: Toni Albir

Relations between the Spanish and Catalan governments appear to have hit a new low in the wake of the tumultuous events in Barcelona last week. The S(...)

People holding Estelada pro Catalonia independence flags shout slogans during a protest in front of the Spanish embassy in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Olivier Matthys/AP

The Spanish supreme court imposed long sentences – nine to 13 years in prison – on nine leaders of the Catalan independence movement last Monday. The (...)

People shout outside the supreme court in Madrid last week as the court gave the green light for the Spanish government to remove the remains of Francisco Franco from a grandiose state mausoleum. Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty Images

Opening a grave is always a troubling act. When the grave in question holds the remains of a dictator, still remembered warmly by a section of the pop(...)

The basilica at the Valley of the Fallen in San Lorenzo del Escorial near Madrid, where Francisco Franco is buried.  Photograph: Javier Soriano/AFP/Getty Images

One morning in October of last year, a few minutes before Catholic Mass was due to begin in the Valley of the Fallen, the vast monument where Francisc(...)

Pictures of jailed Catalan pro-independence leaders are held up during a demonstration in Barcelona, on Friday, in support of 12 pro-independence leaders that were transferred from Barcelona to Madrid ahead of the start of their trial. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

Spain’s foreign ministry announced this week it was preparing to launch a campaign that would explain to the world, with total transparency, the detai(...)

Carles Puigdemont is currently in police custody in Germany. File photograph: Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images

German police say they have detained fugitive Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont on a European arrest warrant. Police in the northern state of Schleswi(...)

Catalan politician Jordi Turull returns to the supreme court during a break in proceedings as part of an investigation into Catalonia’s banned bid for independence in Madrid on Friday. Photograph: Susana Vera/Reuters

Spain’s supreme court has remanded in custody five Catalan politicians, including the candidate for president of the region, Jordi Turull, for their a(...)

File photograph of the sacked Catalan vice-president Oriol Junqueras in Madrid, Spain. File photograph: AP Photo/Paul White

Spanish supreme court judges have ruled against allowing ousted Catalan vice-president Oriol Junqueras out of jail while he is investigated for rebell(...)

Junts per Catalunya (Together for Catalonia) party members unveil campaign posters featuring Catalonia’s ousted president Carles Puigdemont and arrested Catalan National Assembly (ANC) president Jordi Sanchez during a meeting to present the posters for the December 21st regional elections in Barcelona. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

It has seemed increasingly unlikely, since the Madrid government imposed direct rule on Catalonia a month ago, that Catalan independence leaders ever (...)

 Catalan president Carles Puigdemont is not a demagogue. He has to do nothing more in this campaign than what he has already been doing – quietly, rationally and peacefully making the case for secession. Photograph: Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

Late on Friday October 27th, Carles Puigdemont, president of the Catalan government, having declared Catalan independence, made his way from the Palau(...)