Warnings over further violence as nine prisoners murdered in Brazil
Many belong to gangs which are locked in a fierce dispute to dominate the drugs trade
This photo from Brazilian newspaper O Popular shows families of prisoners watching guards move inmates at the Coronel Odenir Guimaraes State Prison in Aparecida de Goiania, Goiás, Brazil, on January 1st, 2018. Nine prisoners were killed and 14 injured in a riot on New Year’s Day. Photograph: O Popular/Claudio Reis/AFP/Getty Images
Prison authorities across Brazil should prepare for further violence after a New Year’s Day riot in which nine prisoners were murdered, according to prosecutors, police and prison guards.
The killings at the Colônia Agroindustrial semi-open prison in Goiás state in Brazil’s interior came a year after more than 120 died in a string of prison riots and marked the latest grim chapter in a nationwide struggle between rival drug gangs.
“It is a war, and I believe no side wants to appear weak. That is why it is dangerous,” said detective Myrian Vidal, who runs the organised crime division of Goiás police.
Maxuell das Neves, president of the state’s prison guards union, said there is a “critical situation” at another prison in Anapolis, Goiás. “It could explode at any moment,” he said. Two prison guards were reportedly murdered in the city in recent days.
Mr das Neves said that before Monday’s riot, he had warned authorities of the threat. Four guards were in control of about 800 prisoners when the violence broke out.
“It was a predictable tragedy,” he said.
The violence began when prisoners linked to the São Paulo gang First Capital Command (PCC) broke into a wing controlled by the rival Red Command (Comando Vermelho), one of Rio de Janeiro’s most powerful and feared mafias, Mr das Neves said. Of the 242 prisoners who escaped, 99 are still at large, authorities said.
Brazil has nearly 700,000 prisoners, of whom 36 per cent are either on remand or have yet to be charged, according to World Prison Brief.
Many belong to gangs such as the PCC and Red Command, which are locked in a fierce dispute to dominate the local drug trade. Violence between the rival groups can be extreme: two of the victims of the New Year’s Day’s killings had been decapitated and all the bodies were burnt.
“Every action has a reaction,” said Lincoln Gakiya, a prosecutor in São Paulo state who has specialised in combating the PCC. “The other states need to take care.”
The violence has unnerved people in Brazil, where homicide rates have reached record levels. It comes exactly a year after the start of a wave of killings that began with a prison riot in the Amazon city of Manaus, when 56 prisoners were butchered.
That massacre was blamed on the Family of the North (Família do Norte, FDN), a Manaus drug gang allied to the Red Command. Dozens more were killed in reprisal attacks at other prisons which were blamed on the PCC.
The PCC and Red Command ended a long alliance in 2016 and are now bitter enemies. Goiás is just one of the Brazilian states where they battle for control of the drug trade, said Det Vidal.
“They are very strong and organised,” she said.
Police will now investigate whether Monday’s killings were a reprisal for the murder last year of a gang leader linked to the PCC at another prison in the same complex, which led to a riot in which five prisoners died. Last year police and prosecutors carried out operations targeting the bribing of prison guards in the state.
The Colônia Agroindustrial is a semi-open prison where many inmates are allowed to work on day release. It has capacity for about 500 prisoners, and normally holds 1,200 but many had been allowed home for Christmas visits, Mr das Neves said.
“The walls are very fragile and the prisoner on the street can access many things,” Mr das Neves said. “They can get in with arms, knives and anything else.” – Guardian