Italy and France seek to resolve migrant row as pope intervenes
Macron and Conte to discuss ‘initiatives’ as Vatican urges respect for refugee dignity
A migrant eating food supplied by the Italian coastguard on the Médecins Sans Frontières vessel “Aquarius”. The vessel is set to land at Valencia on June 16th. Photograph: AFP Photo/SOS Mediterranee /Kenny Karpov
Italy summoned France’s envoy on Wednesday and demanded an apology from President Emmanuel Macron, who had said Rome’s move to block a migrant rescue ship from its ports was an act of “cynicism and irresponsibility”.
Mr Macron, in a late Wednesday phone call with Italian prime minister Giuseppe Conte, said he did not mean to offend “Italy and the Italian people”, according to a statement.
The two leaders confirmed a lunch meeting on Friday to discuss “new initiatives” on immigration, a day after Italian interior minister Matteo Salvini announced an “axis” with Germany and Austria to fight illegal migration.
“France does not want escalation; it’s counter-productive. We need to maintain dialogue,” a source close to Mr Macron said as the president visited the western town of Rochefort. However, the source added that Mr Macron was not “taking back anything”.
Mr Salvini has vowed to continue to block foreign humanitarian boats from Italian ports as Europe wrestles with how to share the responsibility of handling migrants trying to enter the EU from war zones and poor countries, largely across Africa and the Middle East.
More than 1.8 million migrants have arrived in Europe since 2014, and Italy is now sheltering more than 170,000 asylum seekers, as well as an estimated 500,000 unregistered migrants. A European Union summit will discuss the bloc’s asylum rules at the end of the month.
‘Change in mindset’
Pope Francis, who has made the defence of refugees a plank of his papacy, rebuked politicians for not respecting the dignity of migrants and demanded “a change in mindset”.
Speaking at a conference on migration at the Vatican, the pope said countries must work together and “move from considering others as threats to our comfort to valuing them as persons whose life experience and values can contribute greatly to the enrichment of our society”.
The row centred on the charity ship Aquarius, which both Italy and Malta refused to let dock at their ports. It was carrying 629 migrants and is heading to Spain, which has offered safe harbour, escorted by two Italian ships.
Now the migrants are suffering from sea sickness due to rough conditions, according to Médecins sans Frontières, one of the charities that runs the Aquarius.
Ropes have been strung around the ship to make it easier to walk on deck, video from the Aquarius showed. Among the migrants are women and small children who are not expected to disembark before Saturday evening. They were rescued off the coast of Libya last week.
Despite criticism from the pope and the UN refugee agency, which called the treatment of the migrants on the Aquarius “shameful”, Mr Salvini has not changed his position.
“Ships belonging to foreign organisations and flying foreign flags cannot dictate Italy’s immigration policy,” Mr Salvini, who also heads the anti-immigrant League party, said on Wednesday.
A US navy ship that recovered 41 survivors and 12 bodies after a shipwreck on Tuesday was still waiting for Italy to decide what to do with them.
A Dutch-flagged humanitarian ship, the Sea Watch 3, had offered to take them on board, but not without a written guarantee that it will be allowed to dock in an Italian port, which it has not received.
The US ship, the Trenton, was forced to drop the 12 bodies back in the sea because it did not have a place to store them, la Repubblica website reported. A US navy spokeswoman did not immediately respond to a request for confirmation.
“The wait was too long,” Flavio Di Giacomo, a spokesman for the International Organisation for Migration, said on Twitter. “Without refrigerated storage, the rescuers were forced to abandon the cadavers at sea. A dramatic gesture.” – Reuters