EU future in ‘grave danger’ from migration, Valls warns

Without border controls EU ‘will be totally destabilised’ by crisis, says French PM

The future of the European Union is being put in "grave danger" by the continuing migration crisis, France's prime minister said on Friday.

Manuel Valls said Europe could not continue to take all the refugees fleeing the "terrible wars" in Iraq or Syria and that without control of its external borders, the EU's "societies will be totally destabilised".

“It’s Europe that could die, not the Schengen area,” Mr Valls said in an interview with the BBC. “If Europe can’t protect its own borders, it’s the very idea of Europe that could be thrown into doubt.

“It could disappear, of course – the European project, not Europe itself, not our values, but the concept we have of Europe, that the founding fathers had of Europe.


“Yes, that is in very grave danger,” he said. “That’s why you need border guards, border controls on the external borders of the European Union.”

EU fail warning

The prime minister’s comments follow those of European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker, who also warned that the EU could fail if the migrant crisis was not successfully tackled.

Mr Valls called for EU solidarity with Germany in the migration crisis, but criticised chancellor Angela Merkel for compounding the situation last year.

He praised Dr Merkel’s “courage” and “values” in the crisis and said Germany needed to be helped, but added: “A message that says ‘come, you will be welcome’ provokes major shifts of population.

“If you say anything in Europe today,” he added, “a few seconds later it is on the smartphones of people in refugee camps near Libya.”

As the European migration crisis dominated discussions in Davos, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini warned member states they could not go on demanding that the EU address the migration crisis while pushing national strategies.

“National countries ask for a European response and then prevent European responses from taking place,” Ms Mogherini said. She warned of enormous economic consequences should growing migration pressures collapse the Schengen free-travel system.

European Central Bank president Mario Draghi warned that the migration crisis would change European society.

“In which direction, we can only guess,” he said. “It is also premature to know how long it will take to transform this challenge into an opportunity.”

Drastic cuts

Dutch finance minister

Jeroen Dijsselbloem

, who is also head of the euro group, joined calls for a drastic cut in people seeking asylum in Europe.

"The numbers that we are taking in in Europe cannot go on," he told Bloomberg News. "It's becoming disruptive – at local level we cannot manage it."

EU countries have begun reintroducing border checks in a bid to control migrants entering their territory. This has put pressure on the EU’s prized passport-free Schengen zone, which allows for the free movement of people and trade.

Earlier this week, Austria said it would cap asylum applications for the next three years, the latest national effort to tackle the crisis, following border controls imposed by Germany, Sweden and Denmark.

Derek Scally

Derek Scally

Derek Scally is an Irish Times journalist based in Berlin