Austria caps asylum claims and steps up border checks
Dismay among church and human rights leaders who emphasise right to claim asylum
Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann in Vienna on Wednesday. He made clear the national measures were an attempt to force agreement on a “European Plan A” for sharing the migrant burden. Photograph: Hans Punz/EPA
Europe’s passport-free Schengen system developed another serious crack on Wednesday after Austria vowed a “considerable” step-up in border controls and a two-thirds cut in the number of asylum applications it will accept this year.
After accepting 120,000 asylum seekers last year, an emergency meeting in Vienna agreed a cap of about 130,000 up to mid-2019.
“We have to step up considerably checks on our borders as an emergency measure,” said Chancellor Werner Faymann. He made clear the national measures were an attempt to force agreement on a “European Plan A” for sharing the migrant burden.
With no agreement in sight, however, Austrian federal and state leaders agreed on unilateral measures to prevent their country being “swamped”.
The cap is a political rather than a legal measure, a degressive model to keep new asylum seeker numbers at about 1.5 per cent of the Austrian population of eight million. In absolute numbers this means about 37,500 people this year, 35,000 in 2017, 30,000 the year after and 25,000 in 2019.
As yet it is unclear what will happen when the yearly quota is filled. Austrian officials said they would put together reports to propose options that were in line with Austria’s constitution as well as European law.
Finally Vienna has promised to look again at welfare options for asylum seekers to reduce the “pull” factor into the country.
News of the cap prompted dismay among Austrian church and human rights leaders, who reminded Vienna leaders that the right to apply for asylum is a fundamental human right, not subject to arbitrary limits.
But Austrian interior minister Johanna Mikl-Leitner insisted that an upper limit was a political reality “whether we want to have it or not”. “If we do nothing we will have thousands of homeless [refugees] by the summer,” she said.
Long-term migration tensions in Austria grew still further in the new year when Germany began sending back over the border up to 300 people who did not want to file for asylum there.
Austria said it was anxious to work with the German authorities to prevent a border stand-off with Bavaria.
State CSU politicians, on the front lines of the migration crisis that still attracts more than 2,000 people daily into the southern German state, have vowed that Dr Merkel will “not be spared” their fury.
Last year Germany accepted 1.1 million asylum seekers but Dr Merkel has so far resisted pressure to introduce a national cap, vowing instead to reduce numbers with EU and international measures.