Algerian leader Bouteflika quits after mass protests
Army chief of staff had demanded action to remove ailing leader who is rarely seen in public
Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who resigned as Algeria’s president on Tuesday after weeks of mass protests against his 20-year rule. Photograph: Mohamed Messara
Algeria’s president Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigned on Tuesday, succumbing to a groundswell of public pressure after weeks of mass protests against his 20-year rule.
The ailing, 82-year-old leader announced he was standing down in a statement carried by state news agency APS, shortly after the army chief of staff demanded immediate action to remove him from office.
On Monday Mr Bouteflika, in poor health and rarely seen in public since he suffered a stroke in 2013, had said he would quit before the end of his term on April 28th.
But chief of staff Lieut Gen Ahmed Gaed Salah said that statement had been issued by “unconstitutional and unauthorised parties”, APS said.
“There is no more room to waste time... We decided clearly... to stand with the people so all their demands get fulfilled,” Lieut Gen Salah said after a meeting with senior officers.
Pressure had been building during the day with opposition groups demanding Mr Bouteflika go immediately, while hundreds of students marched through the capital Algiers to demand to replacement of a political system widely seen as incapable of significant reform.
“Bouteflika’s decision [to resign by the end of his term] will change nothing,” Mustapha Bouchachi, a lawyer and protest leader, had said earlier on Tuesday.
Mr Bouteflika’s resignation will put Abdelkader Bensalah, chairman of the upper house of parliament, in charge as caretaker president for 90 days until elections are held.
Mr Bouchachi had suggested Mr Bouteflika’s nomination of a caretaker government was a move to perpetuate the current political system. “What is important to us is that we do not accept the [new caretaker] government. Peaceful protests will continue.”
Mired in corruption
A veteran of Algeria’s war for independence, Mr Bouteflika was first elected president in 1999 and established himself by ending a civil war with Islamist militants that killed an estimated 200,000 people.
But the country remains mired in corruption and, in a sign that the end for Mr Bouteflika’s rule had been approaching, several oligarchs close to his camp were banned from travelling abroad in the past few days, part of a crackdown against his allies.
“The gang has made big money illegally taking advantage of its closeness with decision-makers,” Lieut Gen Salah said, according to APS, referring to unnamed business people.
The protests have been driven by the country’s youth and lawyers demanding the removal of a ruling elite seen by many as out of touch with ordinary Algerians and presiding over an economy riven by cronyism.
Mr Bouteflika had sought to fend off the wave of dissent against his two-decade-old rule that began on February 22nd by reversing his decision to seek a fifth term. But he did not say when he would go, further angering protesters.
A fighter in the 1954-1962 war to end French colonial rule, Mr Bouteflika became independent Algeria’s first foreign minister and one of the forces behind the Non-Aligned Movement that gave a global voice to Africa, Asia and Latin America.
He championed post-colonial states, challenged what he saw as the hegemony of the United States and helped turn his country into a seed-bed of 1960s idealism.
First elected president in 1999, he negotiated a truce to end to a conflict with Islamist militants that killed an estimated 200,000 people. Helped by oil and gas revenues, Algeria became more peaceful and richer. But it remains mired in corruption and political and economic torpor in a region where uprisings brought changes elsewhere. – Reuters