Kenyatta bids for presidency despite charges
Sporting a red cap, red-and-white shirt and designer watch, Uhuru Kenyatta gripped the microphone and whipped up thousands of supporters ahead of today’s general election in Kenya.
Voters will go to the polls fearing a replay of 2007-08’s post-election violence and aware that surveys show a 50/50 chance they are about to elect a president charged with crimes against humanity.
At Kenyatta’s final rally in a Nairobi park on Saturday, there was no clue that this is a man who ranks alongside Ugandan warlord Joseph Kony, Libya’s Saif al-Islam Gadafy and Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir in the eyes of the international criminal court (ICC).
Waiting patiently for six hours in unforgiving heat, fans scrambled for caps and T-shirts, hung off lamp-posts and trees and cheered wildly when Kenyatta’s helicopter flew overhead. Finally, the deputy prime minister appeared and addressed the sea of red.
“We’ve come a long way and been through a lot of ups and downs. One of the challenges we faced was people claiming we can’t run because of the charges of the ICC. But God has opened a door for us and we were cleared by the [Kenyan] courts to run.” He said of Raila Odinga, his chief rival for the presidency: “He should accept that the will of the people is the will of God.”
Crimes against humanity
Kenyatta is among four Kenyans facing ICC charges for engineering ethnic violence that killed more than 1,100 people and uprooted 600,000 after the last election. Prosecutors accuse him of bankrolling the outlawed militia group Mungiki as it carried out revenge attacks.
Kenyatta’s trial was due to begin next month, when he is likely to face a run-off vote against Odinga if today’s poll is tight, but ICC officials have indicated that it could be delayed until later this year.
One of Kenyatta’s co-accused is his running mate, William Ruto. Their Jubilee coalition has united two of Kenya’s biggest communities, the Kikuyu and Kalenjin, which were locked in deadly clashes last time.
Some predicted, or hoped, that the ICC charges would scuttle the “UhuRuto” ticket. In a live TV debate, Odinga suggested his rival might one day have to govern by Skype from the Hague. In fact Kenyatta and Ruto appear to have gained sympathy from voters wanting to send a defiant message to “western imperialists” interfering in Kenyan affairs.
David Kamau, a veteran of four violent elections, said: “It’s wrong for anyone to come from outside, even if they are seeking truth. It’s Kenyans who should judge which way it should go. In your own home, can anyone else come and determine your issues? All these decisions should be left to Kenyan citizens.”
‘West versus Kenya’
The Kenya Human Rights Commission opposed the two men being allowed to run with the charges hanging over them, but the country’s courts decided otherwise.
George Morara, senior programme officer at the commission, said: “They’ve been very ingenious at turning the whole thing into ‘the West versus Kenya’. It’s terrible to have a country where poor people can be turned like marionettes.”
Kenyatta, who is married with three children, has other cards to play: his youth – at 51 he would be Kenya’s youngest leader – his name and his wealth. He is the son of the country’s founding president. Jomo Kenyatta’s face is ubiquitous on the national currency and the biggest international airport is named after him. Uhuru – Swahili for freedom – Kenyatta grew up in privilege unimaginable to most Kenyans. He attended one of the top schools in Nairobi before studying political science and economics at Amherst College in America. He inherited vast tracts of land and is ranked by Forbes magazine as the 23rd richest person in Africa. The family owns a TV channel, a newspaper and various radio stations.
Victory for Kenyatta would put the world in uncharted diplomatic waters: it would be the first time a nation has democratically elected a politician indicted by the ICC. Given Kenya’s status as a key western ally, not least in the fight against terrorism in neighbouring Somalia, a diplomatic headache looms.
Analysts at the International Crisis Group say “regardless of the outcome of their cases, a president facing a lengthy trial before the ICC could potentially have extremely damaging implications for reform and foreign relations”. There has been speculation in the Kenyan press that the country could be slapped with sanctions, imperilling the economy.
Ngungi Githuku, a human rights activist, said: “If the election goes the way of those indicted by the ICC, is that the end of the ICC process? The culture of impunity will be stronger: as long as you have weight and money, anything goes. We will have sanctions on this country. Diplomatic quarters have made it clear that it won’t be business as usual.”
Kiama Kaara, programmes co-ordinator of the Kenya Debt Relief Network, said: “Kenya is too important to the international system for it to collapse. As long as it goes through the election and institutions, it becomes a hard sell to isolate Kenya on the basis of the outcome. If Uhuru Kenyatta wins free and fair, the international community would need to come up with a viable framework that does not punish the Kenyan people for their choices.”
Morara added: “The West will be reluctant to impose sanctions. They’d rather do business with Uhuru Kenyatta like they did with Mobutu [of Zaire] for 30 years. It will be for Kenyans to deal with it. I hope the internal tension doesn’t mean that Kenyans turn on each other.”
The ICC says the Rome statutes do not prevent Kenyatta and Ruto from running for election. – (Guardian service)