Supreme Court clears way for substantial developments

Developments in Wicklow and Wexford to go ahead after appeals by An Bord Pleanala dismissed

The Supreme Court has cleared the way for two substantial developments in Counties Wicklow and Wexford after dismissing appeals by An Bord Pleanala against the quashing of its refusals of planning permission for those projects.

The issue raised in both appeals concerned what two High Court judges had asked the Supreme Court to clarify as a point of law of “exceptional public importance” concerning the point at which a decision of An Bord Pleanala becomes final.

Today, the three judge court unanimously ruled such decisions become final when they are put in formal written form and not, as the Bord argued, when they are made at board meetings.

It also ruled the appeals by objectors against the planning permissions given by local authorities for both developments could be validly withdrawn at any time prior to that written decision of the Bord.


The first appeal arose after the Bord refused permission to Ecological Data Centres Ltd for development of a “very substantial” technology park on a site between Newtownmountkennedy and Kilpedder near the N11 in Co Wicklow.

The second appeal arose from a refusal by the Bord of permission to Urrinbridge Ltd for a substantial residential and commercial development at Bloody Bridge, Lyre, Co Wexford.

Objectors to both developments had withdrawn appeals against decisions of Wicklow and Wexford County Councils granting permission for the developments.

The objectors’ appeals were withdrawn after the Bord met and decided to refuse permission but before it put those decisions in writing just days later. The Bord contended, once it had met and “determined” the appeals, there were no appeals remaining which could be withdrawn with the effect the refusals of permission stood and the companies lost the benefit of the Councils’ permissions in their favour.

Both companies rejected those arguments in separate High Court proceedings.

In upholding Urrinbridge's case, Mr Justice John MacMenamin described the Board's position as "absolutist" and said logic demanded the date of the formal written order or decision of the Board and its "determination" should be the same. In a separate judgment in favour of Ecological, Mr Justice John Hedigan agreed and both judges certified a point of law to the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court was asked to rule when does the Bord “determine” an appeal for the purposes of Section 37.1.b and Section 140.1.a of the 2000 Act as amended.

Giving the Supreme Court judgment, Mr Justice Nial Fennelly said what was involved was "a straightforward issue of statutory interpretation" and items of "national procedural law" .

The Bord essentially argued, from the time it determined both appeals at meetings in January and March 2011, it had no power to reconsider its decision after that, even if a member of the Bord raised an important point which should persuade the Bord to reconsider, the judge noted.

He rejected the Bord’s arguments the 2000 Act makes a considered distinction between a “determination” and a “decision” and found those terms were used interchangeably in the Act.

Dismissing the Bord’s arguments it had no power to reconsider a permission decision taken at a meeting before that decision was put in writing, he said it seemed “obvious” any deliberating body should be able to review its decisions before they become irrevocable and provisions of the 2000 Act also envisaged that would happen.

Having construed the relevant provisions of the Act, he ruled they did not mean determination of an appeal takes place at the time of the board meeting.

The judge added the court could not take into account claims by the Bord rejection of its arguments might cause difficulties for it, including concerning the need to respect EU laws.

It was possible withdrawal of an appeal may deprive the Bord of an opportunity to decide if a particular permission contravenes EU law, he said. However, that result did not flow from the provisions concerning the time an appeal is deemed to be withdrawn and was not due to the interpretation of the 2000 Act in this judgment but was rather “a random effect”.

In the two cases before the court, even if the objectors appeals were withdrawn before the date of the Bord’s determination in each case, the result would have been the same, he noted.

It was not necessary to consider the issue before the court from the point of view of rights although the right of access to the courts for the purpose of judicially reviewing planning decisions was “highly relevant”, he added.

Mary Carolan

Mary Carolan

Mary Carolan is the Legal Affairs Correspondent of the Irish Times