Electric car drops out of favour in Denmark
Sales of electric vehicles plunged this year in country that pioneered renewable energy
Elon Musk demonstrates the falcon wing doors on the Tesla Model X Crossover. Musk warned the Danish government electric car sales would be hit when it dropped tax breaks. Photograph: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images
The electric car has dropped out of favour in the country that pioneered renewable energy.
Sales in Denmark of Electrically Chargeable Vehicles (ECV), which include plug-in hybrids, plunged 60.5 per cent in the first quarter of the year, compared with the first three months of 2016, according to latest data from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA).
The figures suggest clean-energy vehicles still aren’t attractive enough to compete without some form of subsidy.
Denmark, a global leader in wind power whose own attempt at an electric car in the early 1980s famously flopped, used to be enthralled with them. It’s bicycle-loving people bought 5,298 of them in 2015, more than double the amount sold that year in Italy, which has a population more than 10 times the size of Denmark’s.
However, it turns out those phenomenal sales figures had as much to do with convenience as with environmental concerns: electric car dealers were for a long time spared the jaw-dropping import tax of 180 per cent that Denmark applies on vehicles fuelled by a traditional combustion engine.
In the fall of 2015, the Liberal-led government of prime minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen announced the progressive phasing out of tax breaks on electric cars, citing budgetary constraints and the desire to level the playing field.
The new tax regime “completely killed the market,” Laerke Flader, head of the Danish Electric Car Alliance, said in a recent interview. “Price really matters.”
According to the government’s original plans, tax breaks were to have been phased out from 2016 to 2020, when they would be treated in the same way as fossil fuel-powered cars.
But on April 18th, having taken note of the drop in sales, the government decided to change the rules.
“It’s no secret electrical vehicle sales have been below what we expected a year and a half ago,” said tax minister Karsten Lauritzen. “The agreed phase-in has turned out to be hard and that likely halted sales.”
The new rules mean the transition to a post-subsidy era has been postponed until at least 5,000 new electric cars are sold over the 2016-2018 period.
Tax breaks will in any case be progressively eliminated as of 2019, regardless of sales numbers. The plan envisages a 40 per cent registration tax minus a 10,000 kroner (€1,344) deduction in 2019, with the tax rising to 65 per cent in 2021, 90 per cent in 2021 and 100 per cent in 2022.
While sales of low or zero emission cars continue to boom in neighbouring Sweden thanks to a wide range of subsidies, including a five-year tax break and a 40,000 kronor (€4,105) purchase premium, the Danish government’s U-turn has caused confusion, prompting many potential customers to either postpone or desist from their purchases.
Flader said electric car dealers have rolled back their sales drive as a result.The electric car industry “doesn’t want to invest in a market that may not be there next year. They’d rather invest where conditions are better and predictable long-term,” Flader said.
One of the hardest hit is Tesla, the global poster child of electric cars, whose Model S once dominated the Danish market.
Flader, however, anticipates a rebound in sales as soon as dealerships are allowed to advertise tax-free prices again.