Pay for student interns up but at expense of entry-level jobs
Survey indicates only 10% of employers value postgraduate qualification above experience
In 2013, 52.1% of employers surveyed planned to utilise the JobBridge scheme. This was down to 46.1% in 2014 and, this year, it fell further to 36.4%. Photograph: Getty Images
The average pay for student internships is on the rise but employers are increasingly using such work experience as a replacement for traditional entry-level jobs, a new survey suggests.
The gradireland recruitment survey for 2014/15 shows that 17 per cent of employers paid students over €1,800 a month for work experience or internships, up from 9 per cent three years ago.
Just 6.5 per cent of employers said their internships were unpaid, down from 17 per cent in 2012, while median reimbursement had risen from €1,400-€1,599 per month to €1,600-€1,799.
However, the report found there was little movement in graduate wages despite increased economic activity.
Some 22.8 per cent of graduates earned less than €24,000 in their first year of employment, with 14.8 per cent earning less than €22,000 (up from 12 per cent in the last survey).
The study also found the value of a postgraduate qualification is diminishing in the eyes of employers compared to work experience.
While 53 per cent of employers saw the two as of equal value, 29 per cent said they valued work experience more (up from 23 per cent last year).
Only 10 per cent said they valued a postgraduate qualification more (down from 17 per cent last year).
“Investment in postgraduate study should be considered carefully in the light of intended career paths,” the report said. It also cites an increasing gap in expectations between employers and graduates around pay and conditions. Some 35.2 per cent of companies said graduates had “unrealistic expectations” compared to 16.3 per cent last year.
Ruairi Kavanagh of gradireland, said there had been “unscrupulous employers” who used internships for cheap labour but this was now less evident. Rather, “the internship has replaced the first job”.
An indicator of this was the fact that one IT company which participated in the survey had recruited 80 per cent of its graduate employees through internships.
“It’s no longer a case of whether it’s a good thing to have work experience. It’s now something you pretty much have to have; it does not necessarily have to relate to the sector,” said Mr Kavanagh.
Over 100 leading graduate employers were surveyed for the Graduate Salary & Graduate Recruitment Trends Survey, now in its ninth year.
While the number of employers offering work experience and internships was up from 81.1 per to 85.7 per cent, fewer saw value in the JobBridge national internship scheme.
The majority of companies run their work experience programmes for students still in university.
There was also “a sizeable leap” in the number of companies predicting challenges in filling their graduate recruitment positions (up from one third of respondents to one half). Asked about skills gaps in graduates, poor communications skills and lack of confidence were cited as leading problems, followed by lack of analytical skills.
Lack of fluency in a foreign language was identified by 43 per cent of employers surveyed as the number one “hard skill” shortfall; this was up markedly from 26 per cent last year.