Saudi Aramco posts second highest profit as oil prices surge

Economic slowdown pushes Aramco’s downstream unit responsible for refining, chemicals and fuel distribution to pretax loss of $1.1bn

Saudi Aramco reported its second highest earnings as a listed company thanks to a surge in oil and gas prices, though its refined fuels and chemicals business was hit by the global economic slowdown.

The Saudi Arabian state-controlled firm kept its dividend – the world’s largest – unchanged at $18.8 billion (€19bn) for the third quarter despite generating record free cash flow of $45 billion. Its gearing ratio, a measure of net debt to equity, turned negative for the first time since early 2020, underscoring the sharp improvement in business conditions for Aramco since the start of the coronavirus pandemic.

Aramco’s net income was $42.4 billion in the third quarter. That was down from a record profit of $48 billion between April and June, but up around 40 per cent year-on-year. Western big oil firms such as BP and Exxon Mobil posted similarly strong results.

Oil prices have declined from 14-year highs in March as rising inflation and central bank monetary tightening slow the global economy. Yet Brent futures have still gained more than 20 per cent this year and are trading around $94 a barrel.


“While global crude oil prices during this period were affected by continued economic uncertainty our long-term view is that oil demand will continue to grow for the rest of the decade,” chief executive Amin Nasser said in a statement.

The upstream arm of the world’s biggest oil company continued its robust performance, making income before taxes of $78 billion. The downstream unit, responsible for refining, chemicals and fuel distribution, made a pretax loss of $1.1 billion, compared with a profit of almost $4 billion a year earlier.

“This result was largely driven by inventory revaluation losses as prices of refined products fell,” Aramco said. Sabic, a chemicals firm 70 per cent-owned by Aramco, announced a steep drop in profit on Sunday amid lower demand for products from paints to plastics.

Mr Nasser said Aramco would be an exception to the “global underinvestment in our sector and that it would continue to boost oil and natural gas output”. The Saudi government and others in the Persian Gulf have criticised western firms and investors for trying to transition to clean energy too quickly.

Aramco has benefited from Opec+ – a 23-nation alliance led by Saudi Arabia and Russia – increasing production this year. The company pumped 11 million barrels a day of crude in September, close to a record.

Opec+ is cutting output from this month, saying it needs to counter weakening energy demand in major economies. Yet Aramco is still likely to average its highest-ever crude production this year. The company is spending billions of dollars to raise its maximum capacity to 13 million barrels a day by 2027 from 12 million today. It’s also wants to boost gas production more than 50 per cent by 2030.

It said it would continue to expand the downstream business despite its struggles in recent months. This year Aramco has bought a stake in a Polish refinery and said it would invest in a 300,000-barrel-per-day refining and petrochemicals complex in China. It bought Kentucky-based Valvoline’s lubricants and chemicals unit for $2.65 billion in August.

Aramco is listed in Riyadh in 2019, though it’s still 94 per cent state-owned. Its shares have gained 6.7 per cent this year, giving it a market valuation of $2 trillion, second only to Apple. – Bloomberg