El Salvador murder rate up 44% as gang truce falters

Violence attributed to tough police tactics against MS-13 and Barrio 18 street gangs

The number of murders in the small Central American country of El Salvador rose 44 per cent in the first three months of 2014 compared with the same period last year, leaving a two-year-old truce still in force between violent gangs hanging by a thread.

There were 794 murders from January to end of March, up from 551 over the same period last year, El Salvador’s Institute of Legal Medicine said yesterday.

It attributed the rise to increasingly tough police tactics against the violent street gangs that have run riot in the country for years.

More aggressive policing has squeezed the gangs’ revenue sources, so they are increasingly battling each other for income.


"The police have taken a slightly stronger position of confrontation with the criminals, as it should be, but there has also been a response from the criminals," the institute's director, Miguel Fortin, told reporters.

The rise in murders comes two years after a truce between the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) gang and rival Barrio 18.

The armistice, brokered by the Catholic Church and the Organisation of American States, at first lowered the murder rate - which in 2011 was the world's highest at 66 per 100,000 inhabitants.

By the following year the truce, which never received a great deal of public support, appeared to be crumbling - and the murder rate shot up.

“The truce never worked,” said Mr Fortin. “The murder rate fell but not the rate of violence.”

Last month, leftist Salvador Sanchez Ceren of the ruling Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) was elected as the country's next president.

Mr Fortin said the spike in murders was unrelated to the presidential race as outgoing President Mauricio Funes had alleged during the campaign.