Bruton plans removal of ‘baptism barrier’ in schools
Minister says issue not being put on ‘long finger’ and Dáil has appetite to deal with it
Minister for Education Richard Bruton maintains the Dáil “has an appetite” to deal with the ‘baptism barrier’ issue and that there is a clear timetable for legislation.
Mr Bruton on Monday announced plans to remove the baptism barrier from schools to ensure children from non-religious backgrounds are not discriminated against in school admissions policies.
“We have to recognise that Ireland has changed substantially. We need to be accommodating at a time when 96 per cent of schools are denominational,” he said.
He said he believes it is unfair that publicly funded religious schools are able to give preference to children of their own religion ahead of those of no religion who may live closer to the school.
Under current laws, schools may discriminate on the basis of religion in their admissions in cases where they are oversubscribed. However, this has become a highly contentious issue, given that 96 per cent of primary schools remain under the patronage of religious bodies.
Four possible approaches
Mr Bruton set out four possible approaches for dealing with the issue at primary level, in the first instance.
They include: A “catchment area” approach, prohibiting religious schools from giving preference to children of their own religion who live outside the catchment area ahead of non-religious children who live close by;
A “nearest school rule”, allowing religious schools to give preference to a religious child only where it is that child’s nearest school of that religion;
A quota system, which would allow a religious school set aside a certain number of places for children of its own religion;
A ban on religious schools using religion as a factor in admissions.
None of these measures is likely to be contained in schools admissions legislation currently being debated in the Dáil, according to sources.
Instead, Mr Bruton called for a public consultation on the implications of these proposals.
“Children of all religious, cultural and social backgrounds should be able to access all State-funded education on an equal basis - and we are delighted that the Government has come around to accepting this position,” he said.
The duration of the consultation process is so far unclear. This raises questions about whether any legislative change will take place within the lifetime of the Government.
Nevertheless, it is a significant move given that Fine Gael has now joined all the major parties in supporting plans to tackle the baptism barrier.
At an event on Monday on the issue organised by the campaign group Equate, Mr Bruton said the current system is “unfair” and parents should not feel pressured into baptising their children to secure school places.
He said he hoped there would be consultation, but that it should be limited to 10 to 12 weeks.
“We need to hear views. Ultimately we want to promote greater choice.”
He said the greatest problem may be posed for minority religions, but that this could be covered by the catchment rule.
On RTÉ’s Morning Ireland, the Minister said his instinct was to change the system. “We have to balance and deliver to the greatest number with the resources we have.
“This issue needs to be addressed. It is important to have admission policies that reflect a situation where one third of parents are marrying outside any denomination.”
One in four parents
The executive director of Equate welcomed the proposals.
“That’s an astonishing figure. This is something that doesn’t serve the churches any good, doesn’t serve families any good.
“Increasingly parents are saying we don’t want to do this any more. This is against their conscience. We’re already paying tax, so why should we have to baptise our child just to get them into our local State-funded school?”
“There is no requirement to have a child baptised to get into a Catholic school. In cases of oversubscription, a school may give preference to a Catholic child.
“The vast majority of oversubscribed schools are in Dublin and in affluent areas in Dublin. Nobody was refused entry down the country because their child was not baptised - because oversubscription is not happening in rural areas.”
Mr Mulchonry said oversubscription was “happening mainly in middle-class areas in Dublin where there is a growth in population”.
“If there is an adequate supply of school places we will take the child, if ‘Damien’ from ‘The Omen’ arrived into a Catholic school he would be accepted. Our tradition is one of inclusivity, and of accepting wherever we have spaces.
“There’s a little bit of the snowstorm in Donnybrook about this, if something happens in south county Dublin it’s a national issue, but the reality is schools down the country are not oversubscribed. The only place this comes into play is where there is oversubscription.
“The only reason a baptism cert is requested is to make it easier if the child wants to make first communion or confirmation.
“It is not an impediment, only in areas where there is oversubscription, generally due to increase in population.”
Mr Barron said the current system worked in the past, but no longer reflects the reality of modern society.
He said this is “absolutely not the end of denominational education”.
“We are not, and he [the Minister] is not talking about, ending a school’s ability to maintain a particular religious ethos. In many Protestant schools already only a minority attending are actually Protestant themselves and they maintain a particular ethos.
“The real issue that the Minister is trying to address is that parents are being forced to have their children baptised to get them into a local school.”
Mr Barron said local schools need to prioritise local children irrespective of their religion.