Court to hear legal challenges to abortion referendum result

One challenger questions if some student voters at NUIG were properly registered

The president of the High Court has fixed June 26th for hearing three separate applications for permission to challenge the result of the referendum on the Eighth Amendment.

One of the challengers, Charles Byrne, who has raised concerns about whether a number of student voters at NUI Galway were properly registered, also wants copies of the marked register of voters.

His counsel Kenneth Fogarty SC said on Monday his side had information from Garda sources an estimated 600 students had queued daily at NUIG Galway to be registered to vote and Mr Byrne believed a number of these were not properly registered.

Mr Justice Peter Kelly, made directions on Monday for a June 26th hearing of the three applications for permission.


Mr Byrne could apply to the court next week for the marked register information if he does not get it in the interim, he added.

Frank Callanan SC, for the State and Referendum Returning Officer Barry Ryan, and Eoin McCullough SC, for the Referendum Commission, said they were anxious the applications be heard as speedily as possible.

A petition can only be brought if the court considers the applicant has provided prima facie evidence the issues being complained about materially affected the May 25th referendum result.

Previous challenge

The petitions are by Mr Byrne, a musician, of College Rise, Drogheda; Joanna Jordan, a homemaker, of Upper Glenageary Road, Dún Laoghaire; and Ciarán Tracey, a retired public servant from Leitrim village.

Ms Jordan, who previously lost a challenge to the 2012 Children’s Referendum, and Mr Byrne are represented by lawyers while Mr Tracey is representing himself. He said he was unable to get lawyers to represent him on a pro bono basis.

On Monday, Mr Fogarty, for Mr Byrne, said the evidential burden for petitions imposes a standard of a prima facie case at the leave stage and his side, who intended to provide expert reports, may need more time to gather the relevant information.

While the State was urging a speedy hearing, recent pronouncements by the Taoiseach and Minister for Health indicated they did not believe the bringing of the applications would derail the timescale for the introduction of abortion legislation, he added.

Mr Justice Kelly said he did not consider the extent of information required at the actual hearing of a petition, as opposed to the application for leave bring a petition, are the same. If Mr Byrne was unable to secure the marked register information being sought by him, he could apply next Monday for it, he added.

Mr Fogarty said his side’s concerns include about registration of students “who should not have been registered on the criteria of eligibility”; tallies suggesting turnout of more than 100 per cent in some cases and whether RTÉ’s coverage of the referendum campaign was balanced.


Mr Byrne has also claimed the Referendum Commission’s information campaign and booklet failed to convey the nature, breadth and legal effect of the proposal being voted upon.

He further claims “misstatements” were publicly made by the Taoiseach and Minister for Health during the referendum campaign.

Mr McCullough said the Referendum Commission has no function concerning collation of information on the results of the referendum. Mr Callanan said the State parties would consider Mr Byrne's request for the marked register but were concerned some grounds being advanced were "entirely nebulous".

Mr Tracey's case centres on the Referendum Commission's information campaign and booklet. He claims that included a "serious" omission in not referring to a decision of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of D v Ireland concerning the circumstances surrounding abortion in Ireland for fatal foetal abnormalities.

That omission was sufficiently serious to have had a material effect on the outcome of the referendum, he claims.

Ms Jordan, represented by Killian McMorrow BL, has made various claims, including that large numbers of potential no voters, were unable to vote due to “de-registering” and of an unexplained “swing” towards the Yes side.

She also claims “thousands” of young Irish citizens were paid to return to vote and were not questioned at polling stations about their time of residency abroad.

Mary Carolan

Mary Carolan

Mary Carolan is the Legal Affairs Correspondent of the Irish Times