Average earnings fall 0.6% in Q4 of 2013
Irish workers earned an average of €687.28 per week, CSO figures show
Average hourly earnings fell 0.9 per cent in the last quarter of 2013, from €21.89 to €21.69. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien/The Irish Times
Average weekly earnings fell €4.46 or 0.6 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2013 compared with the same period the previous year.
Preliminary results for the last three months of the year show workers earned an average of €687.28 per week, down from €691 a year earlier, figures published by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) show.
Average hourly earnings fell 0.9 per cent in the period, from €21.89 to €21.69, while the average number of weekly paid hours increased by 0.3 per cent to 31.7.
The average total labour costs per hour was €25.30, a fall of 0.5 per cent over the 2012 value of €25.42.
Average weekly earnings increased in nine of the 13 sectors monitored by the CSO. The largest rise was recorded in the transportation and storage sector, where earnings were up 6.7 per cent from €718.81 to €766.85.
The largest decrease was recorded in the administrative and support activities sector, where earnings fell 3.2 per cent from €512.03 to €495.85.
In the long term, the human health and social work sector has seen the biggest decrease, with average weekly earnings falling 13.8 per cent between the fourth quarter in 2009 and the same period in 2013.
The information and communication sector saw the biggest long-term increase in weekly earnings, recording a rise of 9.1 per cent from €931.47 to €1,016.65.
The private sector fared better than the public, with weekly earnings increasing from an average of €622.40 to €622.57 in the year. This compared with a decrease of €13.91 per week in the public sector, from €921.41 to €907. 50.
In the four years to the end of 2013, public sector earnings have fallen 5.9 per cent or €57.24 per week, while private sector earnings fell 1.3 per cent or €8.46 in the period.
Workers employed by businesses with less than 50 employees saw their average hourly earnings increase from €17.97 to €18.45. Companies with between 50 and 250 employees recorded a 3.7 per cent drop in hourly wages from €20.06 to €19.32, while those with more than 250 employees recorded a 2.9 per cent drop in the year, from €25.47 per hour to €24.72.
Unite regional secretary Jimmy Kelly said weekly earnings fell by over one per cent in 2013 when inflation was taken into account.
“Irish wages are already well below levels in other EU-15 countries. Low wages and six years of austerity are reflected in the fact that one in every five workers suffers multiple deprivation experiences. They are the working poor.”
Unite published research last week showing labour costs in Ireland make up a smaller proportion of business operating costs than in other European countries, while Irish profits are rising faster than elsewhere.
“Ireland needs a wage increase, not only to raise the living standards of workers and families, but also to put more money into cash registers up and down the country. Stagnating earnings are bad news for workers, for businesses and for the economy,” Mr Kelly said.
The estimated number of people employed by the public sector fell 1.4 per cent in the year to the end of 2013, from 381,800 to 376,300. The largest decrease was in the semi-state sector, where employees fell 3.7 per cent or 1,900 compared with the fourth quarter in 2012.
Over a four year period, public sector employees fell 8.2 per cent or 33,500 between the fourth quarter in 2009 and the end of 2013.