Norman Davies

4 results

 Scanning electron micrograph of the anaerobic spirochaete bacteria Treponema pallidum, the causative agent of syphilis  in humans

In one of James Joyce’s more scurrilous puns, from Ulysses, his protagonist known only as “the citizen” expresses contempt for any talk of the civilis(...)

Flora Sandes (right) - probably the first woman ever honoured with a commission as a combatant officer in a European army.  Photograph: City of Vancouver Archives

It might be stretching things to say that Flora Sandes was Irish, even in this month, when associate membership of the club is thrown open to all-come(...)

 An undated archive picture shows a French soldier standing in the “Ravin de la Mort” (Ravine of the Dead) near the Fort de Vaux, near Verdun. Photograph: Collection Odette Carrez/Reuters

One hundred years ago today, a French fortress called Douaumont fell to the Germans, after four days of fighting. It was a target of such strategic im(...)

Yanis Varoufakis: annoyed the European establishment with lots of analysis. Photograph: Kostas Tsironis/Bloomberg

Two decades ago, a senior Eurocrat, Bernard Connolly, wrote a book called The Rotten Heart of Europe. It was an exposition of the economic idiocies im(...)