Stefan Konarske as Engels and August Diehl as Marx in 'The Young Karl Marx'

Released to coincide with the 200th anniversary of Marx’s birth, the new film from Raoul Peck is no mere biopic, but a superhero-style origin sto(...)

A statue of German philosopher, economist, political theorist and sociologist Karl Marx is placed on its plinth in his birthplace of Trier, Germany. Photograph: Harald Tittel/AFP/Getty

His view over Brussels’s magnificent Grand Place from La Maison du Cygne was a vivid architectural representation of what he was trying to write. Hist(...)

Portrait of Florence Kelley by AN Hardy

Florence Kelley’s pioneering work in improving working conditions for women and children in the industrial heartlands of the United States will be hig(...)

The former palace, dynamited in 1950, has risen again from Berlin’s sandy soil. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Cycling through central Berlin these days is a hazardous business. East of the Brandenburg Gate, what was once the Unter den Linden boulevard is now a(...)

Democratic presidential candidate Senator Bernie Sanders: says he plans to deliver a “major speech” on his political philosophy. “We have some explaining and work to do.” Photograph: Gary Cameron/Reuters

When German social theorist Werner Sombart asked in his 1906 essay Why Is There No Socialism in America?, he reached the same conclusion his compatrio(...)

The Birmingham Six after their release in London in 1991, with Chris Mullin  (centre, with scarf) outside the Old Bailey. File photograph: Joe St Leger/The Irish Times

Former British Labour Party MP and author Chris Mullin will speak about the lessons that can be learned from the case of the Birmingham Six at a summe(...)

In 1842, at the age of 22, Friedrich Engels was sent to Manchester to do a two-year internship at his father’s cotton mill. As intended, this trainin(...)

if we think of the mind not as an object but as a process, or an emergent state of the brain – in the way that life is an emergent property of a cell or a living organism – then you have much less of a problem in thinking how the mind, or mental states, emerge from brain states.

The nature of the mind has vexed philosophers and scientists for centuries. Though seemingly of esoteric interest, the issue has profound implications(...)