Christopher Steele: ‘Former MI-6 spy’ behind Trump dossier

Investigator first hired by political research firm in Washington to investigate Trump

Christopher Steele, who wrote reports on compromising material Russian operatives allegedly had collected on US president-elect Donald Trump, is a former officer in Britain's secret intelligence service, according to people familiar with his career.

Former British intelligence officials said Mr Steele spent years under diplomatic cover working for the agency, also known as MI-6, in Russia and Paris and at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London.

After he left the spy service, Mr Steele supplied the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) with information on corruption at FIFA, international soccer’s governing body.

It was his work on corruption in international soccer that lent credence to his reporting on Mr Trump’s entanglements in Russia, US officials said on Wednesday.


Emails seen by Reuters indicate that in the summer of 2010, members of a New York-based FBI squad assigned to investigate “Eurasian organized crime” met Steele in London to discuss allegations of possible corruption in FIFA, the Swiss-based body that also organises the World Cup.

People familiar with Mr Steele's activities said his British-based company, Orbis Business Intelligence, was hired by the Football Association, Britain's domestic soccer governing body, to investigate FIFA. At the time, the Football Association was hoping to host the 2018 or 2022 World Cups. British corporate records show that Orbis was formed in March 2009.

Amid corruption allegations, the 2018 World Cup was awarded to Moscow and Qatar was chosen to host the 2022 competition.

The FBI squad whose members met Mr Steele subsequently opened a major investigation into alleged soccer corruption that led to dozens of US indictments, including those of prominent international soccer officials.

Senior FIFA officials, including long-time president Sepp Blatter, were forced to resign.

GOP nomination

Mr Steele was initially hired by FusionGPS, a Washington, DC-based political research firm, to investigate Mr Trump on behalf of unidentified Republicans who wanted to stop Mr Trump's bid for the GOP nomination. The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) reported that Mr Steele was initially hired by Jeb Bush, one of Mr Trump's 16 opponents in the 2016 Republican primary. It was not immediately possibly to verify the BBC's report.

He was kept on assignment by FusionGPS after Mr Trump won the nomination and his information was circulated to Democratic Party figures and members of the media.

Mr Steele's dealings with the FBI on Mr Trump, initially with the senior agent who had started the FIFA probe and then moved to a post in Europe, began in July. However, Mr Steele cut off contact with the FBI about a month before the November 8th election because he was frustrated by the bureau's slow progress.

The FBI opened preliminary investigations into Mr Trump and his entourage’s dealings with Russians that were based in part on Mr Steele’s reports, according to people familiar with the inquiries.

However, they said the FBI shifted into low gear in the weeks before the election to avoid interfering in the vote. They said Mr Steele grew frustrated and stopped dealing with the FBI after concluding it was not seriously investigating the material he had provided.

Mr Steele’s reports circulated for months among major media outlets, including Reuters, but neither the news organizations nor US law enforcement and intelligence agencies have been able to corroborate them.

BuzzFeed published some of Mr Steele’s reports about MrTrump on Tuesday but the president-elect and his aides later said the reports were false. Russian authorities also dismissed them.

Associates of Mr Steele said on Wednesday he was unavailable for comment. Christopher Burrows, a director and co-founder of Orbis with Steele, told The Wall Street Journal, which first published Mr Steele’s name, that he could not confirm or deny that Mr Steele’s company had produced the reports on Mr Trump.