US president Joe Biden’s administration is throwing its support behind efforts to waive intellectual property protections for Covid-19 vaccines in an effort to speed the end of the pandemic.
United States Trade Representative Katherine Tai announced the US government's position in a Wednesday statement, amid World Trade Organisation talks over easing global trade rules to enable more countries to produce more of the life-saving vaccines.
“The Administration believes strongly in intellectual property protections, but in service of ending this pandemic, supports the waiver of those protections for Covid-19 vaccines,” Ms Tai said in the statement.
But she cautioned that it would take time to reach the required global “consensus” to waive the protections under WTO rules, and US officials said it would not have an immediate effect on the global supply of Covid-19 jabs.
“This is a global health crisis, and the extraordinary circumstances of the Covid-19 pandemic call for extraordinary measures,” said Ms Tai.
“The Administration’s aim is to get as many safe and effective vaccines to as many people as fast as possible.”
President Michael D Higgins has welcomed the move as one of “immense moral significance in international policy”.
The President had criticised the international response to helping developing countries deal with the pandemic in a speech to mark May Day when he said that “in a most important respect, our solidarity at global level has been tested, and we have been found wanting”.
But in a tweet late on Wednesday night, President Higgins praised the move by the US government to back the waiver: “This decision marks a moment of immense moral significance in international policy, putting global need ahead of any narrow considerations.
“It has the potential to be exemplary, building hope in so many areas for a real new beginning in our mutual interdependence.”
The WTO previously backed a similar waiver on vaccines to combating Aids and HIV in the past.
The issue has been raised in recent weeks in the Dáil and Seanad as TDs and Senators urged the Government to use its influence to persuade the European Commission, which represents the EU at the WTO, to reverse its opposition to a waiver.
Last week, Taoiseach Micheál Martin said there had been “too many simplistic conclusions drawn” on the issue. Ireland and the EU had shown moral leadership on the issue, he insisted, adding that Europe had led the charge in terms of vaccine production and export for the entire world.
The EU through its pre-purchasing agreement “has done an awful lot to ensure proper research and production of vaccines, which are being exported all over the world, and the barriers have not been put up to stop it”.
The issue needed to be studied carefully because “the model that has evolved has resulted in unprecedented production of vaccines in record time”.
Ms Tai's announcement comes hours after WTO director-general Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala spoke to a closed-door meeting of ambassadors from developing and developed countries that have been wrangling over the issue, but agree on the need for wider access to Covid-19 treatments, WTO spokesman Keith Rockwell said.
The WTO's general council, made up of ambassadors, was taking up the pivotal issue of a temporary waiver for intellectual property protections on Covid-19 vaccines and other tools, which South Africa and India first proposed in October.
The idea has gained support in the developing world and among some progressive politicians in the west.
Mr Rockwell said a WTO panel on intellectual property was set to take up the waiver proposal again at a “tentative” meeting later this month, before a formal meeting on June 8th-9th.
No consensus, which is required under WTO rules, was expected to emerge from the ambassadors’ two-day meeting on Wednesday and Thursday.
But Mr Rockwell pointed to a change in tone after months of wrangling.
“I would say that the discussion was far more constructive, pragmatic.
“It was less emotive and less finger pointing than it had been in the past,” Mr Rockwell said, citing a surge in cases in places such as India.
“I think that this feeling of everyone-being-in-it-together was being expressed in a way that I had not heard to this point.”
Authors of the proposal, which has faced resistance from many countries with influential pharmaceutical and biotech industries, have been revising it in hopes of making it more palatable.
Ms Okonjo-Iweala, in remarks posted on the WTO website, said it was “incumbent on us to move quickly to put the revised text on the table, but also to begin and undertake text-based negotiations”.
“I am firmly convinced that once we can sit down with an actual text in front of us, we shall find a pragmatic way forward” that is “acceptable to all sides”, she said.
Co-sponsors of the idea were shuttling between different diplomatic missions to make their case, according to a Geneva trade official who was not authorised to speak publicly on the matter.
A deadlock persists, and opposing sides remain far apart, the official said.
The argument, part of a long-running debate about intellectual property protections, centres on lifting patents, copyrights and protections for industrial design and confidential information to help expand the production and deployment of vaccines during supply shortages.
The aim is to suspend the rules for several years, just long enough to beat down the pandemic.
The issue has become more pressing with a surge in cases in India, the world's second-most populous country and a key producer of vaccines, including one for Covid-19 that relies on technology from AstraZeneca.
Proponents, including WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, note that such waivers are part of the WTO toolbox and insist there is no better time to use them than during the once-in-a-century pandemic that has taken 3.2 million lives, infected more than 437 million people and devastated economies.
More than 100 countries have come out in support of the proposal, and a group of 110 members of US Congress, all fellow Democrats of Mr Biden, sent him a letter last month that called on him to support the waiver.
Opponents say a waiver would be no panacea.
They insist that production of coronavirus vaccines is complex and simply cannot be ramped up by easing intellectual property, and say lifting protections could hurt future innovation. – With Associated Press reporters