Ortega calls on protesters to ‘rectify’ their behaviour
Almost 300 killed since protests against Nicaraguan president began three months ago
Nicaragua’s president, Daniel Ortega, delivers a speech during the commemoration of the 39th anniversary of the Sandinista Revolution in Managua on Thursday. Photograph: Inti Ocon/AFP/Getty Images
Demonstrators in Managua wearing traditional masks take part in a march on July 12th called “Together we are a volcano” against Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega’s government. Photograph: Oswaldo Rivas/Reuters
Friends and relatives carry the coffin at the funeral on Monday of Gerald Velazquez, a student shot dead during clashes with riot police in Managua. Photograph: Inti Ocon/AFP/Getty Images
Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega has urged protesters to end what he described as their attempt to destabilise the country, after police and heavily armed supporters suppressed weeks of protests in clashes that killed almost 300 people.
Speaking on Thursday on the 39th anniversary of the Sandinista revolution, in which Mr Ortega overthrew a dictatorship, the ex-guerilla called on tens of thousands of cheering supporters to defend their country and for protesters to “rectify” their behaviour.
“You all are the defenders of peace ... We have to re-establish order in our country,” said Mr Ortega, wearing Nicaragua’s flag colours with a white shirt and blue baseball cap.
“The road isn’t war, but peace and dialogue,” he said. Supporters applauded his remarks, chanting: “He stays, my commander stays.”
International condemnation of Mr Ortega has grown sharply in the past week over his deployment of police and allied paramilitary forces to quash the unrest, during which almost 300 people have been killed and many more injured since the protests began three months ago.
The violence marks the most severe crisis to face the 72-year-old socialist since the civil war of the 1980s, when he battled US-backed “Contra” rebels. Currently serving his third term after winning electoral office in 2006, Mr Ortega is resisting demands for his resignation and early elections.
Ortega supporters flocked from around the country to the event near Xolotlan Lake north of the capital adjacent to a towering black silhouette of Nicaraguan revolutionary Augusto Sandino, whose resistance to the 1927-33 US occupation of the Central American country inspired the movement named after him.
“As Nicaraguans, we can’t keep living in war,” said Ortega supporter Norman Ortiz, referring to the nation’s history of bloody conflicts.
Cuba and Venezuela’s foreign ministers, who reject external interference in the country, supported Mr Ortega at the event, describing the protests as attempts at a coup.
Since last weekend, forces loyal to Mr Ortega beat back protesters in Managua and the nearby city of Masaya, a legendary revolutionary bastion from which Sandinista rebels launched their final attack against right-wing dictator Anastasio Somoza.
The unrest began in April, when Mr Ortega proposed reducing pension benefits to cover a budget shortfall, and quickly spiralled to encompass a range of concerns.
Protesters condemn what they describe as the government’s control of the media, electoral fraud, manipulation of the justice system and corruption, as well as Mr Ortega’s “family dictatorship” running the country with his wife, vice president Rosario Murillo.
“The people are no longer with Ortega,” said Arlene Correa, speaking earlier on Thursday near the capital’s notorious El Chipote jail, one of the main sites Somoza’s government used to torture dissidents.
“He seems more and more like Somoza with the violations of human rights and killings,” said Ms Correa, whose father has been accused of supporting the protests and was detained earlier this week in Chipote.
Mr Ortega won re-election in late 2016 with 72 percent of the vote, but a poll in May by CID Gallup showed his approval ratings had fallen to 29 per cent.
The country appeared mostly calm on Thursday, despite violent confrontations in recent days and pledges by protesters to plan new demonstrations.– Reuters