KfW is a public bank providing development loans at lower interest than commercial rates
In 65 years since its foundation KfW has provided €1.3 trillion in loans
KfW originally operated as a conduit for Allied aid to relieve post-war housing shortages in Germany
Germany’s KfW is a public bank that uses its quasi-sovereign status to provide development loans at lower interest than commercial rates.
Its official name, the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (Reconstruction Loan Corporation), gives an indication of its origins: to help reconstruction of war-ravaged Germany.
In the 65 years since its foundation, the KfW has provided €1.3 trillion in loans. Originally it operated as a conduit for Allied aid provided through the Marshall Plan to relieve post-war housing shortages. Being 80 per cent owned by the federal government, with the remainder held by Germany’s federal states, it is one of Germany’s largest banks, with a balance sheet total of €476.4 billion.
Last year the bank raised almost €80 billion through bond issues on capital markets to support its lending programmes.
The KfW’s international co-operation dates back to the 1960s. Any KfW co-operation with Ireland is likely to function along the lines of an €800 million loan agreement agreed with Spain in July.
Under that deal, the KfW raised finance on money markets and passed it on to the Spanish development bank ICO for financing the country’s credit-starved SME sector.
The “global loan” arrangement sees ICO pass loan funds to small Spanish businesses through their regular bank, improving their access to otherwise effectively non-existent credit.
The Spanish global loan is backed by a German state guarantee, though the borrowers’ banks usually also bear the risk of credit default.