What are the Pandora Papers?

International Consortium of Investigative Journalists scrutinise leaked documents

For nearly two years, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) organised and led an investigation that grew to encompass 150 media partners and more than 600 journalists in 117 countries and territories working together to unlock countless secrets hidden within the leaked documents.

An anonymous source shared with ICIJ 2.94 terabytes of confidential financial files, amounting to more than 11.9 million documents and other records, from 14 offshore service providers that set up and manage shell companies and trusts in tax havens around the globe.

Dubbed the Pandora Papers by ICIJ, the documents connect to more than 200 countries and territories and are in several languages, including English, Spanish, Mandarin, Korean, Greek and Russian. Most were created between 1996 and 2020.

The files were received by ICIJ in separate batches over months.