Governor Jerry Brown of California has been one of the most colourful figures in US politics for at least 40 years. He trained as a Jesuit priest, but became a lawyer instead. He dated the singer Linda Ronstadt and successfully sued Standard Oil, Gulf Oil and Mobil Oil.
At a seminar on "subnational leadership" at the UN's COP21 climate summit yesterday, Brown (77) was cantankerous and outspoken, calling Republican climate sceptics "the mindless opposition", "knuckleheads" and "troglodytes".
At COP21, one often has the impression that local and regional leaders and civil society are streaks ahead of the negotiators. Two organisations co-ordinating a worldwide movement to withdraw investments from fossil fuels, 350.org and Divest-Invest, have received pledges from 500 institutions to disinvest, representing more than $3.4 trillion in assets.
Some 1,000 mayors from cities around the world have embraced the long-term goal of using 100 per cent renewable energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80 per cent over the next 35 years.
So who needs the plodding negotiations? “They’re doing all these things because of this process, because the 2015 deadline was set as the moment when we would come together and agree on a binding outcome,” says
of the London-based environmental think tank E3G. COP21 has created “mass momentum”, she adds. “We need to sustain this momentum over the course and increase it.”
As members of the “Pacific Collaborative”, California, Washington state and British Columbia did not wait for an international agreement.
California was once the dirtiest state in the US. Thanks to former governor Arnold Schwarzenegger – and Brown, his successor – it is now one of the cleanest, with the most aggressive environmental policies in the country.
Schwarzenegger established a cap and trade system, whereby polluters buy allowances. Brown has set up a carbon market with Quebec, and is negotiating similar deals with Chinese provinces. China has just adopted California car emission standards, the strictest in the US.
Brown says small businesses “pooh-pooh climate change because they don’t realise it’s a huge threat to California and the world . . . they think it’s a left-wing idea. They think requirements for zero-emission vehicles and renewables portfolios are government regulation, which is bad according to their ideology.”
“On the Pacific coast we’re rocking on the issue, joining up with other Pacific states and eventually the rest of the country,” said Washington state governor
. “Those guys who argue that cleaning up the air is against job creation are wrong. My state creates more jobs than 47 others.”
Gregor Robertson, the mayor of the "green" city of Vancouver, said the Canadian city "busts the myth that the economy and the environment are at odds." Vancouver refused to accept a pipeline and oil terminals that would have brought petroleum from Alberta."
Brown said: “We have regulation and we have tax [in California] but we are growing 25 per cent faster than the rest of the country.
“Republicans say climate change is a job killer, but if world temperatures rise 3 degrees, it will cost trillions. Whatever we do to prevent a calamity is a cost-effective move.”