Volkwagen to pay €13.5bn over emissions scandal, US judge rules
Settlement in California covers owners of 475,000 polluting vehicles
A US judge has approved one of the biggest corporate settlements on record, Volkswagen’s $14.7 billion (€13.5 billion) deal arising from its diesel emissions cheating scandal. Meanwhile, the German carmaker said it would begin buying back polluting cars in mid-November.
US district judge Charles Breyer in San Francisco signed off on VW’s settlement with federal and California regulators and the owners of the 475,000 vehicles in a pivotal moment for the world’s second largest carmaker as it tries to move past a scandal that has engulfed it for more than a year.
VW admitted in September 2015 to secretly installing software in its diesel cars to cheat exhaust emissions tests and make them appear cleaner in testing than they really were. In reality, the vehicles emitted up to 40 times the legally allowable pollution levels.
Volkswagen chief executive Matthias Mueller told reporters in Berlin that the Californian’ judge’s approval was “an important milestone for us on the way towards clearing up the problem that we caused some time ago.” Hinrich Woebcken, president and chief executive of Volkswagen Group of America, pledged to carry out the terms “as seamlessly as possible.”
“Given the risks of prolonged litigation, the immediate settlement of this matter is far preferable,” the judge said.
Volkswagen agreed to spend up to $10 billion on the buybacks and owner compensation and $4.7 billion on programmes to offset excess emissions and boost clean-vehicle projects.
The settlement was reached with the US Justice Department, Federal Trade Commission, the state of California and vehicle owners who had filed a class action lawsuit against VW. Volkswagen has admitted to misleading regulators and still faces an ongoing criminal investigation.
It represented the largest civil settlement worldwide ever reached with a carmaker accused of misconduct.
In total, Volkswagen has agreed to date to spend up to $16.5 billion in connection with the scandal, including payments to dealers, states and attorneys for owners. The scandal rattled VW’s global business, harmed its reputation and prompted the ousting of its chief executive.
The settlement covers 2.0-litre polluting diesel Beetle, Golf, Jetta, Passat and Audi A3 cars from the 2009 through to the 2015 model years. Up to 490,000 people will take part in the settlement because some vehicles had multiple owners.
Volkswagen spokeswoman Jeannine Ginivan said the carmaker expects to begin buying back vehicles in mid-November. VW has hired 900 people, including one to be stationed at each dealership, to handle buybacks.
VW still faces billions more in costs to address 85,000 polluting 3.0-litre vehicles and fines for violating clean air laws. It also faces lawsuits from at least 16 US states for additional claims that could hike the company’s overall costs.
Last month, a Volkswagen engineer pleaded guilty in Detroit to helping the company evade US emission standards. His lawyer said he would co-operate with federal authorities in their criminal inquiry.
Kathryn Phillips, California director for the Sierra Club environmental group, said Volkswagen broke the law and that “Judge Breyer is making them pay the price. Volkswagen chose to poison our families with dangerous pollution just to pad its pocketbook.”
“Today is a landmark day, when this innovative settlement can be put into action, investing billions of dollars into public health protections to remedy these serious violations,” added Cynthia Giles, US Environmental Protection Agency assistant administrator.
Electric vehicle promotion
Volkswagen has been in intensive talks over how much compensation it may offer owners of the larger 3.0-litre diesel Porsche, Audi and Volkswagen vehicles that emit up to nine times the legally allowable emissions and whether it will offer buybacks for some of the polluting SUVs. No final agreement has been reached. Volkswagen faces a November court hearing to update the court on those vehicles’ status.
Volkswagen agreed to make up to $1.21 billion in payments to 652 US VW brand dealers and $600 million to 44 US states to address some state claims.
Nearly 340,000 owners have registered to take part in the settlement. About 3,500 owners have opted out. Volkswagen must fix or buy back 85 per cent of the 475,000 vehicles under the agreement by June 2019 or face additional costs.
Owners have until September 2018 to submit paperwork to sell back vehicles. VW will have to destroy repurchased vehicles unless it wins approval for fixes.