Klaus Hommels has invested in some of Europe's most successful start-ups. That includes the music-streaming service Spotify and Klarna, a Swedish online payments company valued at more than $2 billion. He has also backed several American tech giants such as Facebook and Airbnb, the vacation rental site.
Now, the German venture capitalist is doubling-down on Europe's tech sector. Hommels' venture capital firm, Lakestar, last week announced a fund worth €350 million, one of the largest European fundraisings so far this year. It is more than double his previous fund, raised in 2013, the portfolio of which includes start-ups Harry's, the US online shaving company, and Algomi, a London-based social network for bond trading.
Hommels (48), who lives in Zurich, plans to spend most of the new money on European start-ups, but also a few American fledging tech companies looking to fast-track their global ambitions. He says as more industries like automotive and energy embrace new tech trends, he will look at early-stage companies transforming how people – and traditional companies – lead their daily lives.
“Technology has become integral to how we live,” says Hommels, who also invested in King Digital, the maker of Candy Crush, but sold his stake before the company went public, missing out on about $1 billion. “We won’t be afraid to back start-ups with high valuations if we can accelerate their growth.”
The fundraising by Hommels is perhaps the strongest evidence yet that investors have rekindled their interest in European venture capital. Just like in Silicon Valley, where companies such as Uber have attracted eye-popping valuations, venture capitalists, private-equity firms and other investors are now flooding into
In part, that is because of companies like King Digital; Mojang, the Swedish gaming company behind Minecraft that Microsoft bought for $2.5 billion; and Zalando, the German ecommerce giant. They have become successful internet businesses, offering sizeable returns to early investors.
There are now 131 so-called unicorns, or start-ups valued at more than $1 billion, according to the data provider CB Insights, including European ones such as Deliveroo, a food-delivery company that recently raised $70 million.
In the second quarter of this year, European venture capital firms raised a combined €2 billion, or 63 per cent more than the same period last year, according to the data provider Dow Jones Venture Source.
While those figures are still dwarfed by the $12.9 billion US venture funds raised in the second quarter of 2015, Europe is fast approaching the funding highs of the dotcom era, according to industry figures.
That has raised concerns, however, that Europe is mimicking some of the excesses – including sky-high valuations and bidding wars for top talent – now widespread across the West Coast. Fears that the industry is entering another investment bubble could intensify with the sharp fall last week in markets around the world.
"In a tech boom, a lot of people want to get into venture capital," said Hussein Kanji, partner in Hoxton Ventures, a London firm that is expected to start raising a new fund by the end of the year. "There's an influx of both good and bad capital."
Analysts say many of the region's legacy firms, such as Index Ventures and Accel Partners, have increasingly focused on later-stage funding rounds, where start-ups' business plans are more predictable. That has made their investments somewhat less risky but has also opened a gap for others, including Google Ventures, the investment arm of the search engine that announced a $100 million European fund last year, to focus on less-established tech companies.
Felix Capital, a London-based fund that raised $120 million in June, has, for instance, focused primarily on fashion, food and fitness tech companies. Saul Klein, a former Index Ventures partner, is targeting early-stage investments only in London.
Irish-born venture capitalist Ciaran O’Leary and
, two prominent Berlin-based investors, are close to securing about €100 million for a new fund, called Blue Yard. It will back European start-ups that make it easier for the general public to use technology such as geolocation positioning, according to a person with direct knowledge of the matter, who spoke off the record because the funding has not yet closed. A spokesman for Blue Yard declined to comment.
"We need more people willing to bring a fresh approach to Europe venture capital," says Stéphanie Hospital. The former executive of Orange, the French telecom company, is currently raising a €100 million fund called One Ragtime.
“We’re not in a bubble,” she adds. “Silicon Valley was once the only place to build a start-up. Now, anyone in the world has the chance to create a global business.”
For Hommels, who caught the investment bug after receiving $20,000 from his grandmother as a teenager – he used the money to back the initial public offering of Puma, the German sports brand, tripling his money almost overnight – fears of a European tech bubble are not causing him sleepless nights.
Unlike the dotcom era when technology was isolated to a small group of web entrepreneurs, he says, the use of smartphones, cloud computing and other trends have now spread across the general public.
Many of the latest generation of European entrepreneurs also are more savvy than earlier ones, he says, often learning directly from their successful Silicon Valley counterparts about how to run their businesses.
Any potential downturn in the region’s tech sector may flush out venture firms that are just jumping into the tech sector as the latest investment fad, Hommels adds.
“Good entrepreneurs can always distinguish between smart and easy money,” he says. “Even if the bubble bursts, that’s not necessarily a bad thing.”
© 2015 New York Times News Service